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Hydrocarbon-degrading microbes and optimum environmental parameters for growth from soil samples (oil contaminated and pristine) from Scott Base, Marble Point, Lake Vanda and Bull Pass
Entry ID: K123_1996_1998_NZ_1


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Summary
Abstract: Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented surface) were collected from both oil-impacted and pristine sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and at the abandoned stations at Marble Point and near Lake Vanda and from Bull Pass in the Wright Valley. The oil-impacted sites were oil storage sites where contamination with spilt fuel oils had occurred including beneath the old Mogas storage tanks site west of the helo pads and below the Scott Base kitchen storage tank. The pristine samples were taken from the southern slopes of Observation Hill on Cape Armitage and from the area above Scott Base, below the road. Freshly impacted soil from below the McMurdo JP8 pipeline halfway between Scott Base and the land/sea ice transition and soil samples from historic oil spillage sites at the Terra Nova Hut Cape Evans were also collected. The samples were analyzed for hydrocarbon-degrading microbes (isolation and identification of species), culturable heterotrophs, total petroleum hydrocarbons and a range of parameters known to limit biodegradative activity including water content, nutrient concentration (C, N, P, K), pH and electrical conductivity. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of oil on the microbial population and whether the potential exists for harnessing the natural activities of these organisms for oil spill remediation. Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the potential rates for mineralisation of hydrocarbons in the soil samples. Soil descriptions, mapping and analyses are collated and managed using a GIS and associated Antarctic Soils Database to map their distribution.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Online Ross Sea Region GIS mapping data


Link: GET DATA
Description: Accession Numbers for identified bacteria: DQ365987-DQ365994, DQ365999-DQ366006, DQ366009-DQ366012, DQ366014-DQ366018, AY571818, AY571845, Clone Genbank Accession No. for Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria and Candidate TM7 see:
Aislabie, J.M. Jordan, S. Barker, G.M. 2008 Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 9-20 doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Contact investigator for access to existing samples at Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.85 S: -77.85  E: 166.75  W: 166.75
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 5
 N: -77.43 S: -77.43  E: 163.83  W: 163.83
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 5
 N: -77.53 S: -77.53  E: 161.55  W: 161.55
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 5
 N: -77.4667 S: -77.4667  E: 161.7  W: 161.7
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 5

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1996-01-02
Stop Date: 1996-01-14

Start Date: 1997-01-02
Stop Date: 1997-01-15

Start Date: 1999-01-04
Stop Date: 1999-01-18


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SCOTT BASE
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MARBLE POINT
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE VANDA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BULL PASS
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >OIL SPILLS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >CARBON    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >NITROGEN    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >POTASSIUM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL PH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICROFLORA    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
SOIL SAMPLER    [Information]


Project
CALM >Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring Program    [Information]
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]
ANTPAS >Antarctic Permafrost and Soils    [Information]


Quality
Some soil samples and cultures still exist and are stored at Landcare Research, New Zealand. For more information on these samples and other collected data, please contact the investigator(s) or refer to the publications.


Access Constraints
Accessible through contact with investigators if not available online


Keywords
OIL CONTAMINATION
HYDROCARBON DEGRADING MICROBES
BIOREMEDIATION
SOIL DISTRIBUTION


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
JACKIE AISLABIE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 858 3713
Fax: +64 7 858 4964
Email: aislabiej at landcareresearch.co.nz
Contact Address:
Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd
Private Bag 3127
City: Hamilton
Country: New Zealand


MEGAN BALKS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4466 Ext 6322
Fax: +64 7 838 4218
Email: m.balks at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences
School of Science and Engineering
University of Waikato
Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal Code: 2001
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Aislabie, J. 1987 Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in oil-contaminated soils near Scott Base, Antarctica. Ecosystem processes in Antarctic ice-free landscapes: proceedings of an International Workshop on Polar Desert Ecosystems, Christchurch, NZ, 1-4 July 1996. Lyons, W.B. Howard-Williams, C. Hawes, I. (eds) The Netherlands Balkema Press 9054109254

Aislabie, J. McLeod, M. Fraser, R. 1998 Potential for biodegradation of hydrocarbons in soil from the Ross Dependency, Antarctica. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 49(2): 210-214

Aislabie, J. Balks, M. Astori, N. Stevenson, G. Symons, R. 1999 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuel-oil contaminated soils, Antarctica. Chemosphere 39(13): 2201-2207

Aislabie, J. Gibb, R. 1999 Cold, dry and dirty. Soil horizons 3: 11-12

Aislabie, J. Foght, J. Saul, D. 2000 Aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria from soil near Scott Base, Antarctica. Polar biology 23: 183-188

Aislabie, J. Fraser, R. Duncan, S. Farrell, R.L. 2001 Effects of oil spills on microbial heterotrophs in Antarctic soils. Polar biology 24: 308-313

Aislabie, J. 2001 Oil in Antarctic soils. Soil horizons 06:11

Aislabie, J. 2002 Impacts of hydrocarbon spills on Antarctic soils. New Zealand's Antarctic research 2001-2002. Christchurch, New Zealand Antarctica New Zealand 1176-0036

Aislabie, J. Saul, D.J. Foght, J.M. 2006 Bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated polar soils. Extremophiles 10: 171-179 doi: 10.1007/s00792-005-0498-4

Aislabie, J.M. Balks, M.R. Foght, J.M. Waterhouse, E.J. 2004 Hydrocarbon spills on Antarctic soils: effects and management. Environmental science and technology 38(5): 1265-1274

Aislabie, J.M. Chhour, K.-L. Saul, D.J. Miyauchi, S. Ayton, J. Paetzold, R.F. Balks, M.R. 2006 Dominant bacteria in soils of Marble Point and Wright Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil biology and biochemistry 38(10): 3041-3056 doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.02.018

Aislabie, J.M. Jordan, S. Barker, G.M. 2008 Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 9-20 doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006

Balks, M. Aislabie, J. Foght, J. 1998 Preliminary assessment of the constraints to biodegradation of fuel spills in Antarctic soils. Symposium 28, proceedings of the 16th World Congress of Soil Science, Montpellier, France, 20-26 August 1998, (II-694). On CD-Rom

Balks, M. Kimble, J. Paetzold, R. Aislabie, J. Campbell, I. 2000 Effects of hydrocarbon contaminants on the temperature and moisture regimes of cryosols of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Contaminants in Freezing Ground. Collected proceedings of 2nd International Conference, 2-5 July, 2000, Cambridge University.

Balks, M.R. Paetzold, R.F. Kimble, J.M. Aislabie, J. Campbell, I.B. 2002 Effects of hydrocarbon spills on the temperature and moisture regimes of Cryosols in the Ross Sea region. Antarctic science 14(4): 319-326

Baraniecki, C.A. Aislabie, J. Foght, J.M. 2002 Characterization of Sphingomonas sp. Ant 17, an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from Antarctic soil. Microbial ecology 43: 44-54

Bej, A.K. Saul, D. Aislabie, J. 2000 Cold-tolerant alkane-degrading Rhodococcus species from Antarctica. Polar biology 23: 100-105

Bockheim, J.G. McLeod, M. 2008 Soil distribution in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 43-39 doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.015

Eckford, R. Cook, F.D. Saul, D. Aislabie, J. Foght, J. 2002 Free-living heterotrophic nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from fuel-contaminated Antarctic soils. Applied and environmental microbiology October: 5181-5185

McLeod, M. Bockheim, J.G. Balks, M. 2008 Glacial geomorphology, soil development and permafrost features in central-upper Wright Valley, Antarctica. Geoderma 144(1-2): 93-103 doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.017

Panicker, G. Aislabie, J. Saul, D. Bej, A.K. 2002 Cold tolerance of Pseudomonas sp. 30-3 isolated from oil-contaminated soil, Antarctica. Polar biology 25: 5-11

Panicker, G. Aislabie, J. Bej, A.K. 2006 Analysis of aggregative behavior of Pseudomonas sp. 30-3 isolated from Antarctic soil. Soil biology and biochemistry 38(10): 3152-3157 doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.02.006

Saul, D.J. Aislabie, J.M. Brown, C.E. Harris, L. Foght, J.M. 2005 Hydrocarbon contamination changes the bacterial diversity of soil from around Scott Base, Antarctica. FEMS microbiology ecology 53: 141-155

Young, K. Seale, R.B. Olsson, K. Aislabie, J. Cook, G.M. 2003 Amino acid transport by Sphingomonas sp. strain Ant 17 isolated from oil-contaminated Antarctic soil. Polar biology 26: 560-566

Balks, E.R. Balks, M.R. 2000 GPS surveying in Antarctica. Survey quarterly 24: 32-34

Ayton, J. 2009. Microbial diversity in soils from the Ross Sea region of Antarctica. PhD Thesis University of Auckland 258 p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-01-15
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-02-23


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