The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library contains a wide variety of primarily oceanographic and atmospheric data sets. All of the data is available online and most can be viewed through the Data Library's Data Viewer. The Data Viewer allows the user to choose the data desired, make plots, tables, files, subset files, etc. The data library is ... accessible from:
The LDEO Data Viewer can deliver data to the user as data files (netCDF and HDF), as tables (html), and in a variety of plots (line, contour, color, vector) and plot formats (PostScript and gif). processing of the data, particularly averaging can be requested.
The LDEO climatological datasets consist of the following:
ARCTIC - Arctic Station data consisting of tritium, tritium age, tritium/helium age, depth, ocean fraction, ice fraction, river runoff fraction, delta oxygen 18, salinity, silicate, potential temperature, and tritium vintage age.
BLACK ROCK FOREST - Black Rock Forest lowland data consisting of dew point, maximum/minimum barometric pressure, relative humidity, temperature, and wind speed, solar radiation, photosynthetically active radiation, precipitation, and soil temperature.
CAYAN MONTHLY HEAT FLUX - Dataset created by Dr. Daniel R. Cayan from Scripps Institution of Oceanography consists of monthly latent, sensible, and net heat flux, solar and terrestrial irradiance. See Cayan (1992).
CORAL - Coral records from D.E. Hunter (Scripps Institution of Oceanography) from Republic of Seychelles. Data set consists of delta 18 oxygen isotopes from 1846-1995. See Charles, et al. (1997).
DASILVA - Atlas of Marine Surface Data 1994: A five volume data series depicting the world's seasonal and yearly variations of the surface marine atmosphere. See: DaSilva, et al (1994).
EC293 - Zonal and meridional wind stress.
ECHAM - ECHAM model run of surface stresses and SST from 1949-1990 by Dr. Mojib LatifMax-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie Bundesstr. 55, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany.
ECOSYSTEMS - Holdridge Life Zone, Matthews Vegetation Index, and Olson Ecosystem Complexes
LEVITUS CLIMATOLOGIES - uniformly gridded climatologies of oceanic variables as monthly (temperature), seasonal (temperature and salinity), yearly mean (temperature, salinity, PO4, NO3, SiO2, O2), and yearly mean derived quantities (pressure, density, density anomaly, buoyancy frequency) by Levitus (1982).
HELLERMAN CLIMATOLOGICAL WIND STRESS - data contains monthly averaged observations from 1870-1976 on 2x2 degree lat-lon grids for air temperature, sea temperature, wind speed, wind stability, wind vectors and wind stress (Hellerman and Rosenstein, 1983)
ICE CORE - This data set consists of CO2 data from three ice core measurements at the GRIP site in Greenland, Quelccaya in Peru, and Vostok in Antarctica. Data consists of oxygen isotopes (o18/o16) ratios. See: Dansgaard et. al (1993), Thompson and Mosley-Thompson (1989), and Jouzel et al (1987).
OBERHUBER COADS CLIMATOLOGY - an atlas of monthly heat fluxes and radiation budget over the oceans based on COADS for the period 1950-1979 on a 2x2 degree grid including air temperature, precipitation, humidity, cloud cover, wind speed, SLP, salinity, solar radiation, heat flux,buoyancy flux (Oberhuber, 1988)
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) CLIMATOLOGY - Climatologies compiled by Esbensen and Kushnir (1981) (heat budget) and Han and Lee (wind stress) on 5x5 degree lat-lon grids. Data include wind speed, slp, SST, sea/air temperature difference, air temperature, humidity, sea/air humidity difference, cloudiness, solar radiation, and heat flux.
ISCCP CLOUD COVER DATA - data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project.
IRI - Eastern Pacific Pelagic Fisheries. Data set consists of weekly anchovy (anchoveta) fishing catches and corresponding climate variables from Peru and Chile.
LDEO - Deep sea cores and partial CO2 (pCO2) measurements from Takahashi, et al (1997).
LITHOSPHERE - Earthquake and Volcano data.
ERBE SRB DATA - Surface radiation budget data from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) on ERBS, NOAA-9 and NOAA-10 (Li and Leighton, 1993).
NASA - Datasets include ERBE/ERBS total clear sky cloud forcing climatologies, precipitation estimates from SSM/I for the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP), ISCCP D2 cloud data, ISLSCP global land data sets (soils, cloud radiation, snow cover, vegetation index (NDVI).
NCAR - Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI).
NOAA - NOAA data sets including: monthly gridded precipitation from stations in the Global Climate Perspectives System, temperature and precipitation from the Global Historical Climatological Network (GHCN), climate data from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), NCEP reanalysis, marine geological samples from NGDC, and World Ocean Atlas 1998 data.
REVERDIN - zonal and meridional currents from G. Reverdin (See Reverdin, 1994).
RIVER - River flow data from Australia.
SANDWELL - Sea floor topography from D. T. Sandwell (Scripps).
SHIPDRIFT DATA - surface velocity data.
SERVAIN MEAN WIND AND SST DATA - Mean data over 25 year period from 1964-1988 (Servain, 1991).
SOC - Global air-sea heat and momentum flux climatology from Southampton Oceanography Centre.
TRENBERTH - global ocean wind stress climatology based on ECMWF analyses.
UEA - Data sets from the Climate Research Unit of University of East Anglia. Includes Jones land and ocean temperature analomalies and Hulme global precipitation.
UMD - Global ocean parameters including: salinity, surface height, temperature, surface meridional and zonal wind stress, meridional and zonal velocity, and depth. See: Carton, et al (1999).
USGS - Hydo-Climate Data Network streamflow data.
WORLDBATH and WORLDBATH432 - Bathymetry from the U.S. Navy ETOPO5 5x5 minute topography.
CHRISTINE MEAN WIND STRESS AND WIND FIELD DATA
RASMUSSEN-CARPENTER CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA - Data from NMC, USAF, Navy, ESSPO, CAC and U. Wisconsin consists of slp, temperature, geopotential height, wind components, humidity, SST, and vorticity (Rasmussen and Carpenter, 1982).
FSU PSEUDO WIND STRESS - Observed pseudo wind stress, mean wind stress, and wind stress anomalies from Florida State University (FSU).
WEARE SURFACE DATA - Averaged surface data by Weare averaged over 1957-1976 including wind speed, pressure, cloudiness,solar radiation, heat fluxes, SST, air temperature, humidity (Weare, et al., 1980).
COADS - Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) Trimmed Monthly Summaries from 1854-1979 on 2x2 degree lat-lon grid. Data consists of air temperature, SST, wind, pressure, humidity, cloudiness.
CARDONE - ECMWF 5 day average wind stress Cardone Level 2B data.
ECMWF GRIDDED ANALYSES - Gridded global analyses from the European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) for the period 1985-1992. Data include temperature, zonal and meridional velocity and geopotential.
ENSO CLIMATE CHANGE INDICES - consists of sea level pressure anomalies from Darwin - Easter Island, Hansen global temperature anomalies, India summer monsoon rainfall, North Atlantic Oscillation Index (NAOI) seal level pressure difference, Extended, Kaplan, and NCEP SST anomalies, Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) sea level pressure anomalies, Tahiti sea level pressure
GOSECS - Geochemical Ocean Sections Study: 3-D distribution of chemical, isotopic, and radiochemical tracers in the ocean. Data consists of Carbon-13 and -14 (C-13, C-14), depth, nitrite, nitrate, oxygen, partial CO2 (pCO2), phosphate, pressure, salinity, sigma, silicate, total alkalinity, total CO2 (tCO2), temperature, potential temperature, and tritium.
OORT ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION STATISTICS - Global Atmospheric Circulation statistics from Oort (1983) based on global rawindsonde data, surface land and surface ship data.
TOPOGRAPHY DATA - US Navy bathymetry data plus land heights at 5' x 5'resolution (ETOPO5) and at 1x1 degree resolution.
PALEOTOPOGRAPHY - Variation of surface ice and water cover since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) by Peltier (1994) based on CLIMAP data set.
EQUATORIAL PACIFIC SSTA FORECASTS - Forecast SST fields using the Zebiak and Cane (1987) coupled atmosphere-ocean model. SSTA fields are analyzed in terms of an ENSO index.
GLOBAL OCEAN SURFACE TEMPERATURE ATLAS (GOSTA) - The January 1993 version of the GOSTA (Bottomley, 1990) referred to as ATLAS7. The atlas is a compilation of marine observations from UKMO and FNOC. Data are on a 5x5 degree grid.
Bottomley, M., C.K. Folland, J. Hsiung, R.E. Newell, and D.E. Parker. 1990. "Global ocean surface temperature atlas GOSTA", Meteorological Office, Bracknell, UK and Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 20 pp.
Cane, M.A., A.C. Clement, A. Kaplan, Y. Kushnir, R. Murtugudde, D. Pozdnyakov, R. Seager, and S.E. Zebiak., 1997: ... 20th century sea surface temperature trends. Science, 275, 957--960.
Carton, J.A. G Chepurin, X. Cao, and B.S. Giese. 1999. A simple ocean data assimilation restrospective analysis of the global ocean 1950-1995, J. Physical Oceanography.
Cayan, D. 1992. Latent and sensible heat flux anomalies over the northern oceans: The connection to monthly atmospheric circulation, J. Climate, 5, 354-369.
Charles, C.D. D.E. Hunter, and R.G. Fairbanks, 1997. Interaction between the ENSO and the Asian monsoon in a coral record of tropical climate, Science, Vol. 77, pp. 925-928.
Dansgaard et. al, Evidence for general instability of past climate from a 250-kyr ice-core record, Nature, 364, 218-220 (1993).
DaSilva, A., C. Young, S. Levitus. 1994. Atlas of Surface Marine Data 1994, Volume 1: Algorithms and procedures, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 6, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
Esbensen, S.K. and V. Kushnir. 1981. "The heat budget of the global ocean: An atlas based on estimates from surface marine observations", Clim. Res. Inst., Oregon State Univ., no. 29, pp. 27.
Hellerman, S. and M. Rosenstein. 1983. "Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean with error estimates", J. Phys. Oceanogr., Vol. 13, pp. 1093-1104.
Kaplan, A., M. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A. Clement, M. Blumenthal, and B. Rajagopalan, Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856-1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 18,567-18,589, 1998
Jouzel et al, Vostok ice core: A continuous isotope temperature record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years), Nature,329,6138,403-408 (1987)
Levitus, S.E. 1982. "Climatological atals of the world ocean", NOAA Professional Paper 13, US Government Printing Office, Washington,D.C.
Li, Z. and H.G. Leighton. 1993. "Global climatologies of the solar radiation budgets at the surface and in the atmosphere from 5 years of ERBE data", J. geophys. Res., Vol. 98, pp. 4919-4930.
Oberhuber, J. 1988. "An atlas based on COADS data set", Max-Planck-Institut fur Meteorologie, No. 15.
Oort, A. 1983. "Global atmospheric circulation statistics, 1958-1973", NOAA 14.
Peltier, W.R. 1994. "Ice age paleotopography", Science, Vol. 265, pp. 195-201.
Rasmussen, E.M. and T.H. Carpenter. 1982. "Variations in tropical sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the Southern Oscillation/El Nino", Mon. Wea. Rev., Vol. 110, pp. 354-384.
Reverdin, G., C. Frankignoul, E. Kestenare and M. McPhaden, 1994: Seasonal variability in the surface currents of the equatorial Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research
Servain, J. 1991. "Simple climatic indices for the tropical Atlantic Ocean and some applications", J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 96, pp. 15137-15146.
Servain, J., M. Seva, S. Lukas, and G. Rougier. 1987. "Climatic atlas of the tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature and wind stress", Ocean Air Interact., Vol. 1, pp. 109-182.
Takahashi, et al. 1997. Global air-sea flux of CO2: An estimate based on measurements of sea-air pCO2 difference. Vol. 94 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, pp. 8229-9299, 1997.
Thompson and Mosley-Thompson, One-half millennia of tropical climate variability as recorded in the stratigraphy of the Quelccaya Ice Cap, Peru,1989, Geophysical Monograph 55, American Geophysical Union.
Weare, B.C., P.T. Strub, and M.D. Samuel. 1980. "Marine climate atlas of the tropical Pacific Ocean", Tech. Rep. 20, Dept. of Land, Air and Water Resources, University of California, Davis.
Weare, B.C., T. Strub, and M.D. Samuel. 1981. "Annual mean surface heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific Ocean", J. Phys. Oceanogr., Vol. 11, pp. 705-717.
Zebiak, S.E. and M.A. Cane. 1989. "Natural climate variability in a coupled model", In Workshop on greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations (M.E. Schlesinger, ed.), Oregon State University.