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Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library
Entry ID: LDEO


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Summary
Abstract: The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library
contains a wide variety of primarily oceanographic and atmospheric
data sets. All of the data is available online and most can be
viewed through the Data Library's Data Viewer. The Data Viewer allows the
user to choose the data desired, make plots, tables, files, subset
files, etc. The data library is accessible from:

"http://ingrid.ldgo.columbia.edu/"

The LDEO Data Viewer can deliver data to the user as data files
(netCDF and HDF), as tables (html), and in a variety of plots
(line, contour, color, vector) and plot formats (PostScript and
gif). processing of the data, particularly averaging can be
requested.

The LDEO climatological datasets consist of the following:

ARCTIC - Arctic Station data consisting of tritium, tritium age,
tritium/helium age, depth, ocean fraction, ice fraction, river
runoff fraction, delta oxygen 18, salinity, silicate, potential
temperature, and tritium vintage age.

BLACK ROCK FOREST - Black Rock Forest lowland data consisting of
dew point, maximum/minimum barometric pressure, relative humidity,
temperature, and wind speed, solar radiation, photosynthetically
active radiation, precipitation, and soil temperature.

CAYAN MONTHLY HEAT FLUX - Dataset created by Dr. Daniel R. Cayan
from Scripps Institution of Oceanography consists of monthly latent,
sensible, and net heat flux, solar and terrestrial irradiance. See
Cayan (1992).

CORAL - Coral records from D.E. Hunter (Scripps Institution of
Oceanography) from Republic of Seychelles. Data set consists of
delta 18 oxygen isotopes from 1846-1995. See Charles, et al. (1997).

DASILVA - Atlas of Marine Surface Data 1994: A five volume data
series depicting the world's seasonal and yearly variations of the surface
marine atmosphere. See: DaSilva, et al (1994).

EC293 - Zonal and meridional wind stress.

ECHAM - ECHAM model run of surface stresses and SST from 1949-1990
by Dr. Mojib LatifMax-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie Bundesstr. 55,
D-20146 Hamburg, Germany.

ECOSYSTEMS - Holdridge Life Zone, Matthews Vegetation Index, and
Olson Ecosystem Complexes

LEVITUS CLIMATOLOGIES - uniformly gridded climatologies of oceanic
variables as monthly (temperature), seasonal (temperature and
salinity), yearly mean (temperature, salinity, PO4, NO3, SiO2, O2),
and yearly mean derived quantities (pressure, density, density
anomaly, buoyancy frequency) by Levitus (1982).

HELLERMAN CLIMATOLOGICAL WIND STRESS - data contains monthly
averaged observations from 1870-1976 on 2x2 degree lat-lon grids for air
temperature, sea temperature, wind speed, wind stability, wind
vectors and wind stress (Hellerman and Rosenstein, 1983)

ICE CORE - This data set consists of CO2 data from three ice core
measurements at the GRIP site in Greenland, Quelccaya in Peru, and
Vostok in Antarctica. Data consists of oxygen isotopes (o18/o16)
ratios. See: Dansgaard et. al (1993), Thompson and Mosley-Thompson
(1989), and Jouzel et al (1987).

OBERHUBER COADS CLIMATOLOGY - an atlas of monthly heat fluxes and
radiation budget over the oceans based on COADS for the period
1950-1979 on a 2x2 degree grid including air temperature,
precipitation, humidity, cloud cover, wind speed, SLP, salinity,
solar radiation, heat flux,buoyancy flux (Oberhuber, 1988)

OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) CLIMATOLOGY - Climatologies compiled
by Esbensen and Kushnir (1981) (heat budget) and Han and Lee (wind
stress) on 5x5 degree lat-lon grids. Data include wind speed, slp, SST,
sea/air temperature difference, air temperature, humidity, sea/air humidity
difference, cloudiness, solar radiation, and heat flux.

ISCCP CLOUD COVER DATA - data from the International Satellite
Cloud Climatology Project.

IRI - Eastern Pacific Pelagic Fisheries. Data set consists of
weekly anchovy (anchoveta) fishing catches and corresponding climate
variables from Peru and Chile.

IRI-ARCS - modeling climate parameters from the AMIP.
See: "http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.IRI-ARCS/outline.html"

JONES - air temperature and sea surface temperature anomalies from
P.D. Jones at University of East Anglia.

KAPLAN - Kaplan, et al. sea surface temperature (SST) and sea level
pressure anomalies. See Kaplan, et al (1998) and Cane, et al
(1997).

KEELING - Carbon dioxide (CO2) measurements from Mauna Loa, Hawaii
by C. Keeling. See:
"http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.KEELING/.MAUNA_LOA.html"

LDEO - Deep sea cores and partial CO2 (pCO2) measurements from
Takahashi, et al (1997).

LITHOSPHERE - Earthquake and Volcano data.

ERBE SRB DATA - Surface radiation budget data from the Earth
Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) on ERBS, NOAA-9 and NOAA-10 (Li and
Leighton, 1993).

NASA - Datasets include ERBE/ERBS total clear sky cloud forcing
climatologies, precipitation estimates from SSM/I for the Global
Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP), ISCCP D2 cloud data,
ISLSCP global land data sets (soils, cloud radiation, snow cover,
vegetation index (NDVI).

NCAR - Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI).

NOAA - NOAA data sets including: monthly gridded precipitation from
stations in the Global Climate Perspectives System, temperature and
precipitation from the Global Historical Climatological Network
(GHCN), climate data from the National Centers for Environmental
Prediction (NCEP), NCEP reanalysis, marine geological samples from
NGDC, and World Ocean Atlas 1998 data.

REVERDIN - zonal and meridional currents from G. Reverdin (See
Reverdin, 1994).

RIVER - River flow data from Australia.

SANDWELL - Sea floor topography from D. T. Sandwell (Scripps).

SHIPDRIFT DATA - surface velocity data.

SERVAIN MEAN WIND AND SST DATA - Mean data over 25 year period from
1964-1988 (Servain, 1991).

SOC - Global air-sea heat and momentum flux climatology from
Southampton Oceanography Centre.

TRENBERTH - global ocean wind stress climatology based on ECMWF
analyses.

UEA - Data sets from the Climate Research Unit of University of East
Anglia. Includes Jones land and ocean temperature analomalies and
Hulme global precipitation.

UMD - Global ocean parameters including: salinity, surface height,
temperature, surface meridional and zonal wind stress, meridional
and zonal velocity, and depth. See: Carton, et al (1999).

USGS - Hydo-Climate Data Network streamflow data.

WORLDBATH and WORLDBATH432 - Bathymetry from the U.S. Navy ETOPO5
5x5 minute topography.

CHRISTINE MEAN WIND STRESS AND WIND FIELD DATA

RASMUSSEN-CARPENTER CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA - Data from NMC, USAF,
Navy, ESSPO, CAC and U. Wisconsin consists of slp, temperature,
geopotential height, wind components, humidity, SST, and vorticity
(Rasmussen and Carpenter, 1982).

CAC SST CLIMATOLOGY - Observed SST monthly climatology from Climate
Analysis Center.

FSU PSEUDO WIND STRESS - Observed pseudo wind stress, mean wind
stress, and wind stress anomalies from Florida State University
(FSU).

WEARE SURFACE DATA - Averaged surface data by Weare averaged over
1957-1976 including wind speed, pressure, cloudiness,solar
radiation, heat fluxes, SST, air temperature, humidity (Weare, et al., 1980).

COADS - Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) Trimmed
Monthly Summaries from 1854-1979 on 2x2 degree lat-lon grid. Data
consists of air temperature, SST, wind, pressure, humidity,
cloudiness.

CARDONE - ECMWF 5 day average wind stress Cardone Level 2B data.

NMC WIND STRESS - NMC derived wind stress anomalies for tropical
Pacific 1989-1993.

AMSTRESS - Wind stresses from Alain Morliere's model.

GISS10YN - 10 year mean anomalies from GISS A Scenario simulation.

CAC SST DATA - CAC Monthly SST and SST anomalies, smoothed SST and
smoothed SST anomalies

EASTERN PACIFIC COASTAL UPWELLING - Consists of cadmium, nitrate,
nitrite, phosphate, salinity, and silicate data since 1960. See:
"http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.EPCU/.dataset_documentation.html"

ECMWF GRIDDED ANALYSES - Gridded global analyses from the European
Center for Medium range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) for the period
1985-1992. Data include temperature, zonal and meridional velocity
and geopotential.

ENSO CLIMATE CHANGE INDICES - consists of sea level pressure
anomalies from Darwin - Easter Island, Hansen global temperature
anomalies, India summer monsoon rainfall, North Atlantic
Oscillation Index (NAOI) seal level pressure difference, Extended, Kaplan, and
NCEP SST anomalies, Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) sea level
pressure anomalies, Tahiti sea level pressure

GOSECS - Geochemical Ocean Sections Study: 3-D distribution of
chemical, isotopic, and radiochemical tracers in the ocean. Data
consists of Carbon-13 and -14 (C-13, C-14), depth, nitrite,
nitrate, oxygen, partial CO2 (pCO2), phosphate, pressure, salinity, sigma,
silicate, total alkalinity, total CO2 (tCO2), temperature,
potential temperature, and tritium.

OORT ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION STATISTICS - Global Atmospheric
Circulation statistics from Oort (1983) based on global rawindsonde
data, surface land and surface ship data.

TOPOGRAPHY DATA - US Navy bathymetry data plus land heights at 5' x
5'resolution (ETOPO5) and at 1x1 degree resolution.

PALEOTOPOGRAPHY - Variation of surface ice and water cover since
the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) by Peltier (1994) based on CLIMAP data
set.

EQUATORIAL PACIFIC SSTA FORECASTS - Forecast SST fields using the
Zebiak and Cane (1987) coupled atmosphere-ocean model. SSTA fields
are analyzed in terms of an ENSO index.

GLOBAL OCEAN SURFACE TEMPERATURE ATLAS (GOSTA) - The January 1993
version of the GOSTA (Bottomley, 1990) referred to as ATLAS7. The
atlas is a compilation of marine observations from UKMO and
FNOC. Data are on a 5x5 degree grid.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to the LDEO Data Library and Data Viewer


Link: GET DATA
Description: OPeNDAP dataset page.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1860-01-01


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 160,000 yb
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >DROUGHT >PDSI    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >PRESSURE ANOMALIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY >RELATIVE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY >SPECIFIC HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >SPECIFIC HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS >WIND SPEED    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >WIND STRESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION RATE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >ALBEDO    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX >LATENT HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX >NET HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX >SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >NET RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >CARBON    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION INDEX    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION SPECIES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER FEATURES >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND RESOURCES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND USE CLASSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TERRAIN ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY >SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY    [Definition]
OCEANS >MARINE SEDIMENTS >STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >ALKALINITY >TOTAL ALKALINITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >CARBON    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >CARBON DIOXIDE >PARTIAL CO2    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >CARBON DIOXIDE >TOTAL CO2    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >NITRATE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >NITRITE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >OCEAN TRACERS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >PHOSPHATE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >RADIOCARBON    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >RADIONUCLIDES    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >SILICATE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >TRACE ELEMENTS >CADMIUM    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >TRACE ELEMENTS >TRITIUM    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >OCEAN CURRENTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN HEAT BUDGET >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >WATER PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WINDS >WIND STRESS    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >DENSITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >SALINITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT >PALEOTOPOGRAPHY    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >SEDIMENTS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >TREE RINGS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >CORAL DEPOSITS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >OXYGEN ISOTOPES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >BOUNDARY LAYER WINDS    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) >ENSO    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION >NAO    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >PACIFIC DECADAL OSCILLATION    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >LAND SURFACE/AGRICULTURE INDICATORS >DROUGHT INDICES >PALMER DROUGHT SEVERITY INDEX >PDSI    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INDICES >KAPLAN SST INDEX    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH >RAY-FINNED FISHES >ANCHOVIES/HERRINGS >ANCHOVY
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE HABITAT >PELAGIC HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE HABITAT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >POPULATION DYNAMICS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Platform
BUOYS    [Information]
SHIPS    [Information]
ERBS >Earth Radiation Budget Satellite    [Information]
NOAA POES >NOAA Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites    [Information]


Instrument
RAWINSONDES    [Information]
ERBE >Earth Radiation Budget Experiment    [Information]


Project
DODS >Distributed Oceanographic Data System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
OPENDAP >Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol    [Information]


Keywords
AIR-SEA INTERACTIONS
CAC
CADMIUM
CARBON CYCLE
CHRISTINE WIND STRESS
CIRCULATION
CLIMATE
CLIMATOLOGY
CLOUD COVER
CO2
COADS
DENSITY
ECMWF
ECOSYSTEMS
EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION
ENSO
ESBENSEN
ETOPO5
FRACTIONAL CLOUDINESS
FSU WIND STRESS
GFDL
GOSTA
HDF
HELLERMAN
HOLDRIDGE LIFE ZONES
ISCCP
LATENT HEAT FLUX
LDEO
LEVITUS
LONGWAVE CHI SENSITIVITY COEFFICIENT
MERIDIONAL HEAT FLUX
MERIDIONAL MOISTURE FLUX
MERIDIONAL WIND STRESS
NAOI
NET HEAT FLUX
NETCDF
NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION INDEX
OBERHUBER
OCEAN CIRCULATION
OCEAN FRICTION VELOCITY
OORT
OSU
PALEOTOPOGRAPHY
PCO2
PSEUDO WIND STRESS
RASMUSSEN-CARPENTER SST
SEA LEVEL AIR DENSITY
SEA LEVEL SPECIFIC HUMIDITY
SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX
SERVAIN WINDS
SHIPDRIFT
SHORTWAVE CLOUD SENSITIVITY COEFFICIENT
SOI
SOUTHERN OSCILLATION INDEX
SPECIFIC HUMIDITY
SRB
SST
SSTA
SURFACE CLIMATOLOGIES
SURFACE RADIATION BUDGET
TCO2
TRACERS
WEARE SURFACE DATA
WIND FIELDS
WIND SPEED
WIND STRESS
WIND VELOCITY
ZONAL WIND STRESS
TEMS
GTOS
G3OS


Originating Center
LDEO


Data Center
Climate Data Library, International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: BENNO BLUMENTHAL
Phone: (845) 680-4450
Fax: (845) 680-4864
Email: benno at iri.ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Data Library Manager
International Research Institute for Climate Prediction
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Columbia University
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964-8000
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online WWW
Fees: None


Personnel
BENNO BLUMENTHAL
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (845) 680-4450
Fax: (845) 680-4864
Email: benno at iri.ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Data Library Manager
International Research Institute for Climate Prediction
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Columbia University
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964-8000
Country: USA


GENE R. MAJOR
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov


Publications/References
Bottomley, M., C.K. Folland, J. Hsiung, R.E. Newell, and
D.E. Parker. 1990. "Global ocean surface temperature atlas GOSTA",
Meteorological Office, Bracknell, UK and Department of Earth,
Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 20 pp.

Cane, M.A., A.C. Clement, A. Kaplan, Y. Kushnir, R. Murtugudde,
D. Pozdnyakov, R. Seager, and S.E. Zebiak., 1997: 20th century sea
surface temperature trends. Science, 275, 957--960.

Carton, J.A. G Chepurin, X. Cao, and B.S. Giese. 1999. A simple
ocean data assimilation restrospective analysis of the global ocean
1950-1995, J. Physical Oceanography.

Cayan, D. 1992. Latent and sensible heat flux anomalies over the
northern oceans: The connection to monthly atmospheric circulation,
J. Climate, 5, 354-369.

Charles, C.D. D.E. Hunter, and R.G. Fairbanks, 1997. Interaction
between the ENSO and the Asian monsoon in a coral record of
tropical climate, Science, Vol. 77, pp. 925-928.

Dansgaard et. al, Evidence for general instability of past climate
from a 250-kyr ice-core record, Nature, 364, 218-220 (1993).

DaSilva, A., C. Young, S. Levitus. 1994. Atlas of Surface Marine
Data 1994, Volume 1: Algorithms and procedures, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 6,
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

Esbensen, S.K. and V. Kushnir. 1981. "The heat budget of the global
ocean: An atlas based on estimates from surface marine
observations", Clim. Res. Inst., Oregon State Univ., no. 29, pp. 27.

Hellerman, S. and M. Rosenstein. 1983. "Normal monthly wind stress
over the world ocean with error estimates", J. Phys. Oceanogr.,
Vol. 13, pp. 1093-1104.

Kaplan, A., M. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A. Clement, M. Blumenthal, and
B. Rajagopalan, Analyses of global sea surface temperature
1856-1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 18,567-18,589, 1998

Jouzel et al, Vostok ice core: A continuous isotope temperature
record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years),
Nature,329,6138,403-408 (1987)

Levitus, S.E. 1982. "Climatological atals of the world ocean", NOAA
Professional Paper 13, US Government Printing Office, Washington,D.C.

Li, Z. and H.G. Leighton. 1993. "Global climatologies of the solar
radiation budgets at the surface and in the atmosphere from 5 years
of ERBE data", J. geophys. Res., Vol. 98, pp. 4919-4930.

Oberhuber, J. 1988. "An atlas based on COADS data set",
Max-Planck-Institut fur Meteorologie, No. 15.

Oort, A. 1983. "Global atmospheric circulation statistics,
1958-1973", NOAA 14.

Peltier, W.R. 1994. "Ice age paleotopography", Science, Vol. 265,
pp. 195-201.

Rasmussen, E.M. and T.H. Carpenter. 1982. "Variations in tropical
sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the
Southern Oscillation/El Nino", Mon. Wea. Rev., Vol. 110,
pp. 354-384.

Reverdin, G., C. Frankignoul, E. Kestenare and M. McPhaden, 1994:
Seasonal variability in the surface currents of the equatorial
Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research

Servain, J. 1991. "Simple climatic indices for the tropical
Atlantic Ocean and some applications", J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 96,
pp. 15137-15146.

Servain, J., M. Seva, S. Lukas, and G. Rougier. 1987. "Climatic
atlas of the tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature and wind stress",
Ocean Air Interact., Vol. 1, pp. 109-182.

Takahashi, et al. 1997. Global air-sea flux of CO2: An estimate
based on measurements of sea-air pCO2 difference. Vol. 94 Proceedings of
the National Academy of Sciences, USA, pp. 8229-9299, 1997.

Thompson and Mosley-Thompson, One-half millennia of tropical
climate variability as recorded in the stratigraphy of the Quelccaya Ice
Cap, Peru,1989, Geophysical Monograph 55, American Geophysical Union.

Weare, B.C., P.T. Strub, and M.D. Samuel. 1980. "Marine climate
atlas of the tropical Pacific Ocean", Tech. Rep. 20, Dept. of Land, Air
and Water Resources, University of California, Davis.

Weare, B.C., T. Strub, and M.D. Samuel. 1981. "Annual mean surface
heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific Ocean", J. Phys. Oceanogr.,
Vol. 11, pp. 705-717.

Zebiak, S.E. and M.A. Cane. 1989. "Natural climate variability in a
coupled model", In Workshop on greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate
Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations
(M.E. Schlesinger, ed.), Oregon State University.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-10-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27


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