Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute-2000
The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) uses high-resolution video equipment to record hundreds of remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dives per year. In the first 20 years of ROV diving since 1988, over 16,000 hours of video tapes have been archived and managed as a centralized institutional resource. This unique video library contains footage of the biological, chemical, geological, and ... physical aspects of the Monterey Bay submarine canyon and other areas including the Pacific Northwest, Santa Barbara basin, Central California seamounts, Northern California, Oregon, Hawaii, and the Gulf of California. MBARI has developed a software and hardware system, Video Annotation and Reference System (VARS), to facilitate the creation, storage, and retrieval of video annotations based on ROV dive tapes. The VARS components reference a knowledge database of over 4,000 biological concepts as well as relevant descriptive, geological and technical terms. This hierarchical information allows for consistent and rapid classification, description, and complex querying of objects observed on video. Over three million observations, along with ancillary data from the time of collection, exist in this database.
After decades of collecting, cataloguing, and analyzing these data MBARI has amassed a unique, visual time series that supports a growing number of internal and external research publications and projects. The resulting database represents an evolution of knowledge and serves as a tool for studying descriptive and quantitative attributes of the ocean environment and ultimately measuring biodiversity deep in the Monterey Bay and extended regions of study. Recognizing the intellectual value of the extensive collection of the video captured by ROVs, MBARI continues to develop applications for internal and public access to this video database.
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Data Set Citation
Nancy Jacobsen Stout, Linda Kuhnz, Lonny Lundsten, Kyra Schlining, Susan von Thun
Video Annotation and Reference System (VARS) database
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Moss Landing, California USA
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
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This data set has been used extensively for over 20 years by multiple researchers, both internal and external to MBARI, and has resulted in over 200 peer-reviewed publications thus far as well as countless exploratory, educational and public outreach projects.
IMPORTANT Notes Regarding Data
Data Use Policy:
MBARI provides these data "as is", with no warranty, express or implied, of the data quality or consistency. It is provided without support and without obligation on the part of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute ... to assist in its use, correction, modification, or enhancement. For use in publication, authors should obtain written permission from MBARI's Director of Information and Technology Dissemination, Judith Connor, email@example.com. Authors should acknowledge MBARI as the data source in those publications and provide reprints to the MBARI library. Also, it is generally expected that any science publication relying heavily on information or interpretation from one or more MBARI scientists or technicians will acknowledge those scientists, typically by including them as collaborators and co-authors when their contribution has been significant.
MBARI typically embargoes annotation and related data for two years for internal quality control and analysis. In addition, extensions to this period are sometimes granted for specific data sets, which are still undergoing review and analysis for publication. In general, most of the annotations and related data older than two years are made available through data providers such as OBIS-USA as well as via the VARS Public Query system, but it should not be assumed that these data are representative of the entire MBARI video annotation database.
Due to the nature of ROV video data collection and analysis, identifications of marine organisms may change over time based on new research findings, expanded collection ranges, or technological advances such as higher-resolution camera systems. Further, the data provided in MBARI's video annotation database are continuously undergoing updates to reflect quality control and other improvements.
For these reasons, no specific data sets obtained from the VARS Query system (or via secondary data providers such as OBIS-USA) should be considered for scientific publication without first obtaining appropriate written verification from MBARI. If you wish to contribute to (e.g., to suggest enhancements or corrections) or to use this data for scientific publication, we encourage you to contact MBARI to arrange any necessary data review and distribution.
conn at mbari.org
Province or State:
Schlining B, Jacobsen Stout N. 2006. MBARI’s video annotation and reference system. In: Proceedings of the Marine Technology Society/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Oceans Conference, Boston, MA, p 1–5.
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