Portal Home
Record Search Query: Projects>J - L>LGP
Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations: 1950-2099
Entry ID: NASA_GISS_AOM_CD_C089



Summary
Abstract: [Source: NASA/GISS, http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/ ]

The global coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model was designed at GISS for climate predictions at decade to century time scales. Atmospheric Models at GISS have been under continual development since 1970; the Ocean and Coupled Models since 1990.

The Atmosphere-Ocean Model is a computer program that simulates the Earth's climate in three dimensions on a gridded domain. The Model requires two kinds of input, specified parameters and prognostic variables, and generates two kinds of output, climate diagnostics and prognostic variables. The specified input parameters include physical constants, the Earth's orbital parameters, the Earth's atmospheric constituents, the Earth's topography, the Earth's surface distribution of ocean, glacial ice, or vegetation, and many others. The time varying prognostic variables include fluid mass, horizontal velocity, heat, water vapor, salt, and subsurface mass and energy fields. Each simulated month, the Model produces an output "D" file that contain numerous unscaled climate diagnostics. Subsequent programs read these D files and produce scaled climate variables.

A 120-year control simulation (C023) of the 1995 version of the Atmosphere-Ocean Model was published in the Canadian journal "Atmosphere-Ocean". It and a companion 80-year experiment (C024) with compounded annual 1% CO2 increases were contributed to CMIP (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project) and to IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) for their "Second Scientific Assessment of Climate Change".

For the 1999 version of the Atmosphere-Ocean Model, six 150-year simulations were run: C089 and C092 are control simulations with constant 1950 atmospheric composition; C090 and C093 use observed greenhouse gases from 1950 to 1990 and compounded annual .5% CO2 increases from 1991 to 2099; C091 and C094 use the varying greenhouse gases plus tropospheric sulfate aerosol changes. Annual .5% CO2 increases after 1990 were chosen because they match the current radiative forcing caused by all greenhouse gases [Hansen et al., 1998, "Climate forcings in the Industrial era"].

The model data, code and documentation can be downloaded from:
http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: Access to model generated data


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: G. Russell
Dataset Title: Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations: 1950-2099
Dataset Release Place: New York City, NY, USA
Dataset Publisher: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Online Resource: http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1950-01-01
Stop Date: 2100-01-01


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >SULFATE PARTICLES >TROPOSPHERIC SULFATE AEROSOL CHANGES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD MICROPHYSICS >CLOUD OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >ALBEDO    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >RADIATIVE FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >RADIATIVE FORCING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SHORTWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE EXTENT    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >SEA ICE CONCENTRATION    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >RUNOFF    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE THERMAL PROPERTIES >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >ADVECTION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >CONVECTION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >OCEAN CURRENTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >OCEAN MIXED LAYER    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN HEAT BUDGET >ADVECTION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN HEAT BUDGET >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >OCEAN MIXED LAYER    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >SALINITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE EXTENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SEA ICE CONCENTRATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
null
null


Platform
GCM >General Circulation Model    [Information]


Keywords
climate models
climate change
climate forcings
planetary albedo
surface albedo
ocean heat transport
downward net heat flux
latent heat flux
sensible heat flux
vertically integrated ocean mass
vertically integrated ocean salt
sea ice mass
convective precipitation
specific humidity
thermal radiation
snow accumulation
vertically integrated soil moisture
ocean surface salinity
ground temperature
vertically integrated liquid ocean mass flux
sea ice mass flux
surface wind speed
ocean surface height
TEMS
GTOS
G3OS


Originating Center
NASA/GISS


Data Center
Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.giss.nasa.gov/
Dataset ID: C089

Data Center Personnel
Name: DR. GARY L. RUSSELL
Email: gary.l.russell at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
2880 Broadway
City: New York
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10025
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: CD-ROM
Distribution_Format: ASCII
Fees: None


Personnel
DR. GARY L. RUSSELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gary.l.russell at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
2880 Broadway
City: New York
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10025
Country: USA


Publications/References
A complete list of references is in:
http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/publica.html

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-04-06
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-04-22


  Reformat as FGDC document