The Canada Land Use Monitoring Program (CLUMP) was established in 1978 by the Lands Directorate of Environment Canada to provide researchers, planners and managers with a database on land use change. The program complemented the land capability and land use surveys of the Canada Land Inventory (CLI). However, most data sets associated with CLUMP were compiled at a higher ... level of detail than the CLI.
Designed to monitor both spatially and sequentially land use change in various areas of Canada, the CLUMP program had the following objectives:
1) to provide improved awareness of the state of the land resource.
2) to identify land use trends of national and regional importance.
3) to determine major areas of rapid change that could potentially create land use problems.
4) to analyze land use change in terms of causes and consequences, particularly with respect to the impact of government policies and programs.
The four major components of the CLUMP program were urban-centered regions, prime resource lands, rural areas and wildlands. The Urban-Centered Region (UCR) component (the component presented here) examined land use in the rural-urban fringe of major Canadian urban centers.
The UCR program was coordinated nationally but undertaken through the five regional offices of the Lands Directorate. Information on land use change was originally classified according to the CLI land use scheme and applied at a scale of 1:50,000. Interpretation consisted of mapping from aerial photographs augmented with field checks and supplementary information sources such as municipal planning maps, street maps and satellite images. Maps were scanned and attribute data entered into the Canada Geographic Information System, a pioneer computerized map storage, analysis and retrieval system.
The CLUMP UCR program operated from 1966 through to 1986 on a 5-year basis corresponding to Canada's census years. In 1981 the original CLI based land use classification was replaced in favor of a more comprehensive land activity and land cover classification scheme. The UCR program was abandoned after that. Nevertheless Canada's largest urban centers were mapped in every cycle.
There are two main data collections as a result of this UCR sub-program: the CLUMP 1966-1976 cycle and the CLUMP 1981-1986 cycle; this metadata entry is only for the earlier 1966, 1971 and 1976 cycle.
CLUMP UCR 1966-1971 data represents a relatively simple, CLI-compatible set of land use and land cover classes applied to Canada's 23 largest urban areas. It is distributed through the GeoGratis site on the basis of an "urban-centered region" (UCR). A UCR is delimited by the original CLUMP program boundaries defined for each urban center. These urban limits should not be interpreted as administrative, census or otherwise legal limits of an urban area; they are merely the extent of the mapping.
In addition to the UCR land use centers are detailed maps of agricultural and recreational land capability. These were originally compiled at a scale of 1:50,000 but are aggregated to map sheet boundaries that extend beyond the UCR limits. These CLI data can be used for analytical purposes with or without the land use data.
OTHER TECHNICAL NOTES
- Three of the Urban Centers (St. John, N.B., Calgary and Edmonton) span more than one UTM zone; these centers were assigned to the UTM zone in which most of the study area occurs.
- The white surround has not been removed on the quicklook GIF files. This is to ensure that all GIF files are the same size regardless of the spatial extent of the UCR. The GIF files incorporate a browser-safe color palette.
- The GIF files and WMF files use the same color palette and attribute definitions of the respective Canada Land Inventory themes; if need be, the same Canada Land Inventory HTML legend files can be utilized.
FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS
"S "+ map number refers to CLI Shoreline, in lat/lon co-ordinates.
"A "+ map number refers to CLI Agriculture, in lat/lon co-ordinates, or provisional UCR boundaries.
"R" + map number refers to CLI Recreation, in lat/lon co-ordinates.
"L" + map number refers to original CLI Land Use, in lat/lon co-ordinates, or to the CLUMP 1981 (uncorrected) base year, or to a CLUMP provisional land use year.
"C" + map number refers to a correction overlay (to be applied to one of base years)
"U" + map number refers to an update overlay (to be applied to the previous (corrected) CLUMP cycle).
"M" + map number refers to the CLUMP corrected version of CLI 1966 Land Use
"N" + map number refers t o the CLUMP derived 1971 Land Use
"O" + map number refers to the CLUMP derived 1976 Land Use
"P" + map number refers to the CLUMP corrected 1981 Land Use
"Q" + map number refers to the CLUMP derived 1986 Land Use
a ".DBF" extension implies a dBase metadata table.
A ".ZIP" extension implies to a PKZIPped PC ArcInfo E00 file with it's corresponding README.TXT file.
A ".BAT" extension implies a DOS
The following Urban Center Abbreviations (UCRAbbr) are utilized:
SJSNF refers to St. John's, Newfoundland HFXNS refers to Halifax-Dartmouth, Nova Scotia STJNB refers to St. John, New Brunswick CHIQC refers to Chicoutimi-Jonquiere, Quebec QUEQC refers to Quebec, Quebec MONQC refers to Montreal, Quebec OTTON refers to Ottawa-Hull, Ontario/Quebec OSWON refers to Oshawa, Ontario TORON refers to Toronto, Ontario NIAON refers to St. Catherines-Niagara, Ontario HAMON refers to Hamilton, Ontario KITON refers to Kitchener, Ontario LONON refers to London, Ontario WINON refers to Windsor, Ontario SUDON refers to Sudbury, Ontario THBON refers to Thunder Bay, Ontario WINMA refers to Winnipeg, Manitoba REGSA refers to Regina, Saskatchewan SASSA refers to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan EDMAB refers to Edmonton, Alberta CALAB refers to Calgary, Alberta VANBC refers to Vancouver, British Columbia VICBC refers to Victoria, British Columbia
UCRAbbr +"RU" refers to CLI Recreation, in UTM projection UCRAbbr +"AU" refers to CLI Agriculture, in UTM projection UCRAbbr+"66A" refers to CLUMP 1966 Land Use, in UTM projection UCRAbbr+"71A" refers to CLUMP 1966 Land Use, in UTM projection UCRAbbr+"76A" refers to CLUMP 1966 Land Use, in UTMUCR land use data gathered at different time periods makes it possible to evaluate the rate, extent and location of land use changes as well as the nature of the land resources being affected by these changes. Spatial Data Organization Information -
Indirect Spatial Reference: Direct Spatial Reference: Vector Raster Object Type: Row Count: Column Count: Vertical Count: Spatial Reference Information - Horizontal Coordinate System Definition -