Integrated Surface Hourly Observations CD-ROM Set is a product offered by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). The product is composed of worldwide surface weather observations from about 12,000 stations, collected for sources such as the Automated Weather Network (AWN), Global Telecommunications System (GTS), Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS), and data keyed from paper forms. Data originated from various codes such as synoptic, airways, Meteorological Routine Weather Report (METAR), and Supplementary Marine Reporting Station (SMARS), and also includes observations from automatic weather stations. There are many possible parameters that stations may report, but the parameters actually reported by any one station depend on the type of station and its location and instrumentation. Some parameters are reported only by mountain stations, for example, or by ships at sea. Possible major parameters, summarized, are: winds and wind gusts; clouds, sky condition, and sky cover; visibility; air, dew point, and extreme temperatures; geopotential height, sea level and station pressure, altimeter setting, and pressure tendency; liquid precipitation; snow depth and water equivalent; snowfall; past and present weather and present weather in vicinity; runway visual range; clouds below station; sunshine; hail; ground surface type and temperature; sea surface temperature; waves and swell; platform icing; and past and present sea ice type, concentration, and bearing. The earliest data is from 1995. However, start date varies by station. This product is a 16-volume CD-ROM set. The volumes are: Volume 1: 1995-1999 Greenland, England, Northern Europe Volume 2: 1995-1999 Central Europe Volume 3: 1995-1999 Eastern and Southern Europe and the Mediterranean Volume 4: 1995-1999 Northeastern Europe and Asia Volume 5: 1995-1999 Ulan Bator (Mongolia), Middle East, and Southern Asia Volume 6: 1995-1999 Africa and Indian Ocean Volume 7: 1995-1999 Eastern United States of America (ME, NH, VT, CT, RI, NY, MA, PA, NJ, MD, DE, VA, NC, SC, GA, FL, WV, OH, AL) Volume 8: 1995-1999 Central United States of America (MI, MS, TN, KY, IN, AR, TX, LA, MO, IL, IA, WI, MN, OK) Volume 9: 1995-1999 Western United States of America (CA, WA, OR, NV, MT, ID, AZ, NM, CO, WY, UT, KS, NE, SD, ND) Volume 10: 1995-1999 Alaska and Canada Volume 11: 1995-1999 Mexico, Caribbean, South America, and Antarctica Volume 12: 1995-1999 Australia, Indonesia, Pacific Ocean and Hawaii Volume 13: 2000 Greenland and Europe Volume 14: 2000 Asia, Middle East and Africa Volume 15: 2000 United States of America Volume 16: 2000 Canada, Mexico, South and Central America, Oceania, and Antarctica Volume 17: 2001 Greenland, Europe, Asia Volume 18: 2001 Asia, Middle East, Africa Volume 19: 2001 United States Volume 20: 2001 Canada, Mexico, South and Central America, Oceania, Hawaii, Antarctica Volume 21: 2002 Greenland, Europe, Asia Volume 22: 2002 Asia, Middle East, Africa Volume 23: 2002 United States Volume 24: 2002 Canada, Mexico, South and Central America, Oceania, Hawaii, Antarctica These volumes may be bought separately. Also, all 1995-1999 data may be bought as a set, or all 2000, 2001, and 2002 data may be bought as a set.
To make a wide range of climatic data available to researchers and the public.
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: digital data
CURRENTNESS REFERENCE: Ground Condition
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fees and terms for retrieving the Data Set or Product.