Abstract: BOMEX - Boom Surface Meteorological Data is a historical digital data set archived at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). BOMEX Archive includes, data collected during the Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX) in 1969. Parameters included in this dataset are: air temperature, wet bulb temperature, dew point temperature, humidity, winds, sea surface temperature and ... radiation. With the cooperation of the Government of Barbados and with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as lead agency, the Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX) was conducted over the tropical Atlantic East of Barbados in the summer of 1969. The field operations for this multiagency national study of the ocean-atmosphere system were divided into four observation periods: May 3 to 15, May 24 to June 10, June 19 to July 2, and July 11 to July 28. The first three were devoted to the Sea Air Interaction Program--the BOMEX 'Core Experiment'--within a 500-km by 500-km square ship array. During the fourth period, the array was extended southward to incorporate the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The following is a list of the 8 different records and their respected data sets for this project. Miscellaneous Data (DSI-9670) - C00598 Rawinsonde and Radiometersonde Data (DSI-9671) - C00302 Boom Surface Meteorological Data (DSI-9672) - C00303 Salinity-Temperature-Depth (STD) Data (DSI-9673) - C00599 Aircraft Data (DSI-9674) - C00600 Boundary Layer Instrument Package (BLIP) Data (DSI-9675) - C00304 Surface Radar Data (DSI-9676) - C00601 Dropsonde Data (DSI-9677) - C00602 BOOM DATA The five fixed ships used as observation platforms were the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey ships Oceanographer, Rainier, Mt. Mitchell, Discoverer, and the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Rockaway. The mooring system designed to maintain the ships at their designated locations failed -- the Mt. Mitchell's and Rainier's at the very beginning of period I, the Rockaway's early in period II, and the Oceanographer's and Discoverer's later during the same period. After mooring failure, the ships used various modes of steaming and drifting in an attempt to remain as close as possible to their assigned positions. More than 2,500 rawinsondes were released during BOMEX from the five ships, with surface temperature, humidity, and wind being measured both manually by observers aboard ship and electronically by sensors mounted on a boom extending from the bow of each ship. This memorandum presents a preliminary comparison of the first 200 m of the rawinsonde temperature data to determine (1) whether the ships' effects might have contaminated the lower levels of the rawinsonde data and (2) if contamination is evident, whether use of the electronically measured surface temperature data would tend to reduce or eliminate the contamination.
To make a wide range of climatic data available to researchers and the public.
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