Abstract: The Fire-Climate-Society (FCS-1) is an online, spatially explicit strategic wildfire planning model with an embedded multi-criteria decision process that facilitates the construction of user-designed risk assessment maps under alternative climate scenarios and varying perspectives of fire probability and values at risk.
FCS-1 was developed for the varying vegetation, climate, and topography as ... well as the unique human dimensions of wild fire in four venues (Catalina/Rincons, Huachucas, Chiricahuas in southeastern Arizona and the Jemez Mountains in northern New Mexico). The model currently is made of up five "fire probability" and four "values at risk" model components. FCS-1 can be run under differing climate and corresponding fuel moisture conditions. Through an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), FCS-1 allows users to assign weights to individual model components through a series of one-on-one comparisons which graphically portray the relationship between multiple and potentially contrasting or incongruent elements of a complex problem. The on-line application can be used by an individual, and the models of a group of individuals can be merged to help understand differing views and build consensus.
Wildfire Alternatives (WALTER), located at the University of Arizona, is an interdisciplinary research initiative aimed at improving our understanding of the processes and consequences of interactions among wildfire, climate and society. WALTER seeks to capitalize on advances in geospatial, analytical, and web delivery technology to provide access to scientific research activities and findings, educational materials, and decision support tools, such as FCS-1.