MODIS/Terra Sea Ice Extent Daily L3 Global 1km EASE-Grid Day (MOD29P1D) data set contains fields for Sea Ice by Reflectance, Sea Ice by Reflectance Spatial QA, Ice Surface Temperature (IST), and Ice Surface Temperature Spatial QA in Hierarchical Data Format-Earth Observing System (HDF-EOS) format, along with corresponding metadata. The fields Sea Ice by IST and Combined Sea Ice that were in ... Version 4 were removed from Version 5. MOD29P1D Version 5 (V005), the latest version of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, consists of 954 x 954 km files of 1 km resolution data gridded in the Lambert Azimuth Equal Area map projection. The sea ice algorithm uses a Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) modified for sea ice to distinguish sea ice from open ocean, based on reflective and thermal characteristics. Data are stored in HDF-EOS format, and are available from 24 February 2000 to present via FTP. Data can also be obtained in GeoTIFF format by ordering the data through the Data Pool.
All MODIS/Aqua sea ice products are considered validated at stage 2 meaning that accuracy has been assessed over a widely distributed set of locations and time periods via several ground-truth and validation campaigns. Quality indicators for MODIS sea ice data can be found in the following three places: * AutomaticQualityFlag and the ScienceQualityFlag metadata objects and their ... corresponding explanations: AutomaticQualityFlagExplanation and ScienceQualityFlagExplanation located in the CoreMetadata.0 global attributes * Custom local attributes associated with each SDS, for example Ice Surface Temperature * The Pixel QA SDS that accompanies each data field, for example, Ice Surface Temperature Spatial QA. These quality indicators are generated during production or in post-production scientific and quality checks of the data product. For more information on local and global attributes, go to one of the following links: * MOD29P1D and MYD29P1D Local Sea Ice Attributes, Version 5 * MOD29P1D and MYD29P1D Global Sea Ice Attributes, Version 5 The ScienceQualityFlag and the ScienceQualityFlagExplanation may be updated after production, either after an automated QA program is run or after the data product is inspected by a qualified scientist. Content and explanation of this flag are dynamic so it should always be examined if present in the external metadata file. A sampling of products will be inspected. Random sampling or support of specific events, such as field campaigns, may also be conducted. The IST Spatial QA and Sea Ice by Reflectance Spatial QA data fields provide additional information on algorithm results for each pixel within a spatial context, and are used as a measure of usefulness for sea ice data. QA data are stored as coded integer values and tell if algorithm results were nominal, abnormal, or if other defined conditions were encountered for a pixel (Riggs, Hall, and Salomonson 2006).
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