Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Publication_Date: 2005
Title: Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution
Edition: 1.00
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster, map
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Palisades, NY
Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-frequency-distribution
Description:
Abstract:
Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid presenting a simple multihazard index based solely on summated single-hazard decile values. The hazards of interest include cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes. This data set is further enriched by the inclusion of data pertaining to population, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and transportation infrastructure. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). To provide insight into the frequency and distribution of multihazard events.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-mortality-risks-distribution
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Proportional Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-proportional-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-total-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20000101
Ending_Date: 20000101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 85.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -58.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > DROUGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > HURRICANES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > TYPHOONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > AGRICULTURAL LANDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > IMPORTANCE VALUE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > AVALANCHE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ECONOMIC RESOURCES > AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > EARTHQUAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > FLOODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION > POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > EROSION/SEDIMENTATION > LANDSLIDES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TOPOGRAPHIC EFFECTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE PREDICTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: NDH > NATURAL DISASTER HOTSPOTS
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Cyclones
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Area
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Preparedness
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Prevention
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Droughts
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Earthquakes
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Floods
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Natural Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Typhoons
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Volcanic Eruptions
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Environmental Modeling > Disaster Modeling
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Demographic Characteristics > Population Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Demographic Characteristics > Population Size
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Global Population Estimates
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Regional Population Estimates
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human Attitudes, Preferences, And Behavior > Consumer Behavior > Earnings
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human Attitudes, Preferences, And Behavior > Socioeconomic Status > Individual Income
Theme_Keyword: Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Geological Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Hazard Frequency
Theme_Keyword: Hazard Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Hotspots
Theme_Keyword: Weather Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Esip
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution is a combination of seven surfaces. These surfaces include each of the frequency and distribution deciles of the six hazards considered in the study (cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes) of which only the top three deciles, the most hazardous, were retained (deciles 8-10). The seventh surface is a global decile of population density; explanations of the processes determining population and area per grid cell follow shortly. In the combined surface, each of the six hazard decile values and the population density decile value function together as a unique means of identifying and grouping grid cells. The item Value serves as a numeric identifier of these various unique, decile-based combinations. Theoretically, any results of aggregate analyses are applicable only to the hazards/population density decile combination and not to the individual grid cell. The population per grid cell (item Pop) is based on the Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). The area per grid cell (item Areakm), in square kilometers, is calculated by subtracting from the area of the grid cell those areas identified as being permanently inundated using VMAP(0). The deciles of population density are determined by dividing the population per grid cell by the area per grid cell and classifying the resultant range of values into 10 classes of an approximately equal number of grid cells. VMAP(0) is also utilized to determine the length, in kilometers, of any major roads or railroads. A multihazard index (item Indexmhz) is generated by summing all the decile values of the individual hazards. The multihazard index itself is not classified into deciles and has a theoretical range of 8-60. Building upon a methodology presented by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated for each grid cell. The process begins by determining the contribution of each subnational unit to national GDP using data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution rate. To standardize estimates across countries, these contribution rates are applied to published World Bank GDP estimates to realize subnational GDP estimates. The standardized, subnational GDP estimate is divided by the total population within the subnational unit to produce a spatially variable per capita GDP value. The GDP per grid cell is determined by multiplying the subnational, per capita GDP by the grid cell population density. The GDP value presented in Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution (item Gdpvalue) is specific to the unique hazards/population density decile combinations and not to individual grid cells (unless it is an artifact that there happens to be only one grid cell in a specific hazards/population density decile combination). Agricultural GDP (item Agvalue) (US$, 2000, PPP) is also based on a process of spatial reallocation. At the level of the subnational unit, estimates are made of the agricultural GDP and of the total agricultural area within the subnational unit. Agricultural area is estimated from a re-interpretation of USGS Land Cover Characterization Data. A value of agricultural GDP per unit of agricultural area is determined at the subnational level; the agricultural GDP of a grid cell is determined by multiplying the agricultural area within the grid cell by the agricultural GDP per unit area. Agvalue is specific to the hazard/population density decile combination. The values presented in the aggregtion analyses, items Gdpvalue, Agvalue, and Transkm, are not estimates of risk. These values are determined without any consideration of any type of hazard impact whatsoever. Their function is as a baseline from which to gauge any potential hazard impacts.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: SEDAC > Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/HIE, PALISADES > World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment
Contact_Person: ROBERT CHEN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: WDC for Human Interactions in the Environment
Address: CIESIN/Columbia University
Address: P. O. Box 1000
Address: 61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1-845-365-8952
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1-845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bchen@ciesin.columbia.edu
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_HFD
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_HFD
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Name: DBF
Format_Name: PDF
Format_Name: PNG
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/wdc/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-mult...
Access_Instructions:
Data download page.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://reverb.echo.nasa.gov/reverb/#utf8=%E2%9C%93...
Access_Instructions:
Refine your granule search with ECHO's next generation Earth Science discovery tool (Reverb) using information from this record.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-mult...
Access_Instructions:
Maps in PDF and PNG formats.
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20051011
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130214
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8988
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@ciesin.columbia.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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