Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Publication_Date: 2005
Title: Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution
Edition: 1.00
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster, map
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Palisades, NY
Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-mortality-risks-distribution
Description:
Abstract:
Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid identifying and characterizing the nature of multihazard risk at the global scale. For this study, multihazard considers the hazards posed by cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides and volcanoes. The specific hazards Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid identifying and characterizing the nature of multihazard risk at the global scale. For this study, multihazard considers the hazards posed by cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides and volcanoes. The specific hazards are grouped into the following hazard categories: drought (drought), seismic (earthquakes and volcanoes), and hydro (cyclones, floods, and landslides). Each grid cell is assessed for each hazard category; and is considered at high risk or not at high risk. Treated as a binary value, the at-risk values of the hazards categories function as a 3-digit index of multihazard. For each of the hazard category combinations, aggregate analyses determine the total population, area, and length of major transportation features, as well as, the value of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and agricultural GDP. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). To identify areas of the world at multihazard mortality risk and to gain insight into the nature of this risk posed.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-frequency-distribution
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Proportional Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-proportional-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 2005 Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles Palisades, NY Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-total-economic-loss-risk-deciles
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20000101
Ending_Date: 20000101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 85.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -58.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > DROUGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > AVALANCHE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > AVALANCHE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > FLOODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > EROSION/SEDIMENTATION > LANDSLIDES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE PREDICTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > PLATE TECTONICS > STRAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > PLATE TECTONICS > STRESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > PLATE TECTONICS > LITHOSPHERIC PLATE MOTION
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: NDH > NATURAL DISASTER HOTSPOTS
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Cyclones
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Area
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Preparedness
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Prevention
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Droughts
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Earthquakes
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Floods
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Natural Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Storms
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Typhoons
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Volcanic Eruptions
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Environmental Protection > Environmental Modeling > Disaster Modeling
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Global Population Estimates
Theme_Keyword: Ciesin > Human And Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Mortality
Theme_Keyword: Disasters
Theme_Keyword: Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Geological Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Hotspots
Theme_Keyword: Mortality
Theme_Keyword: Mortality Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Mortality Risks
Theme_Keyword: Risks
Theme_Keyword: Weather Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Esip
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: HEALTH
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: SOCIETY
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The first step in creating a multihazard surface is to isolate those areas that are the most at-risk for mortality (deciles 8-10) for each of the hazards considered in the study (cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes). Three categorical hazard surfaces representing the highest mortality risks are created from combinations of the single hazard surfaces. The hazard categories are as follows: drought: drought seismic: earthquakes and volcanoes hydro: cyclones, floods, and landslides Each of the hazard category surfaces is binary. To produce the multihazard surface, each of the categorical surfaces is combined into a single surface. Each grid cell of the multihazard surface is attributed with information regarding its value in each of the hazard categories (items Drought3, Seismic3, and Hydro3). This sequence of values forms a unique class of multihazardness. The population per grid cell is based on Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). The area per grid cell, in square kilometers, is calculated by subtracting from the area of the grid cell those portions that are permanently inundated. Identification of permanently inundated areas utilizes VMAP(0) data. VMAP(0) data is also used to identify major roads and railroads. Building upon a methodology proposed by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated on a per grid cell basis. First, the contribution of subnational units to national GDP utilizing data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution rate. To standardize across countries, these contribution rates are applied to published World Bank GDP estimates to determine GDP values of the subnational units. The standardized, subnational GDP estimate is divided by the total population within the subnational unit to produce a spatially variable per capita GDP estimate.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: SEDAC > Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center
Contact_Person: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8920
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/HIE, PALISADES > World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment
Contact_Person: ROBERT CHEN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: WDC for Human Interactions in the Environment
Address: CIESIN/Columbia University
Address: P. O. Box 1000
Address: 61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1-845-365-8952
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1-845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bchen@ciesin.columbia.edu
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_MRD
Resource_Description: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_MRD
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Name: DBF
Format_Name: PDF
Format_Name: PNG
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/wdc/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-mult...
Access_Instructions:
Data download page.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://reverb.echo.nasa.gov/reverb/#utf8=%E2%9C%93...
Access_Instructions:
Refine your granule search with ECHO's next generation Earth Science discovery tool (Reverb) using information from this record.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-mult...
Access_Instructions:
Maps in PDF and PNG formats.
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
Fees: 0
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20051011
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130214
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 845-365-8988
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 845-365-8922
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@ciesin.columbia.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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