TRMM and Other Sources Monthly Rainfall Product (TRMM Product 3B43)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Project (TRMM)
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: TRMM and Other Sources Monthly Rainfall Product (TRMM Product 3B43)
Edition: 7
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC)
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/datacollection/GES_DISC_TRMM_3B43_V7.shtml
Description:
Abstract:
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is a joint U.S.-Japan satellite mission to monitor tropical and subtropical precipitation and to estimate its associated latent heating. TRMM was successfully launched on November 27, at 4:27 PM (EST) from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. The rainfall measuring instruments on the TRMM satellite include the Precipitation Radar (PR), an electronically scanning radar operating at 13.8 GHz; TRMM Microwave Image (TMI), a nine-channel passive microwave radiometer; and Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS), a five-channel visible/infrared radiometer. The purpose of 3B43 algorithm is to produce the best-estimate precipitation rate (in mm/hr) and root-mean-square (RMS) precipitation-error estimates from TRMM and other data sources. The algorithm combines multiple independent precipitation estimates from the TMI, Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing Systems (AMSR-E), Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSMI), Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS), Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU), Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS), microwave-adjusted merged geo-infrared (IR), and monthly accumulated Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) rain gauge analysis. All input microwave data are intercalibrated to TRMM Combined Instrument (TCI) precipitation estimates (TRMM product 3B31); the iIR estimates are computed using monthly matched microwave-IR histogram matching; then missing data in individual 3-hourly merged-microwave fields are filled with the IR estimates. After the preprocessing is complete, the 3-hourly multi-satellite fields are summed for the month and combined with the monthly gauge analysis using inverse-error-variance weighting to form the best-estimate precipitation rate and RMS precipitation-error estimates. These gridded estimates have a calendar month temporal resolution and a 0.25-degree by 0.25-degree spatial resolution. Spatial coverage extends from 50 degrees south to 50 degrees north latitude. The data are stored in the Hierarchical Data Format (HDF), which includes both core and product specific metadata. The file size is about 5 MB. Important Changes: After the initial Version 7 processing, it was discovered that AMSU data were neglected in the first retrospective processing of both the Version 7 TMPA (3B42/43) and TMPA-RT (3B40/41/42RT) data series, which created an important shortcoming in the inventory of microwave precipitation estimates used during 2000-2010. In addition, a coding error in the TMPA-RT replaced the occasional missings in product 3B42RT with zeros. Accordingly, both product series were retrospectively processed again. The main impact in both series was to improve the fine-scale patterns of precipitation during 2000-2010 (and for 3B4xRT into late 2012). Averages over progressively larger time/space scales should be progressively less affected. [This is the reason the lack of AMSU went undiscovered; the merger system copes very reasonably with missing data.] Nonetheless, users are urged to switch to the newest Version 7 data sets. The newest runs may be identified by the file names: V.7 3B42/43 suffix of "7A.HDF" for January 2000 - September 2010; V.7 3B4xRT suffix of "7R2.bin" for 1 March 2000 - 6 November 2012. It continues to be the case that the Version 7 3B42/43 is some 4% higher than the calibrating data set (2B31) over oceans, which is still under study. However, the initial conclusion is that it results from the sampling mismatch between the (very sparse) TCI and the (much denser) microwave constellation. At the large scales this offset seems to be nearly a proportional constant. TRMM Product FAQ: http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/additional/faq/precipitation_faq.shtml Sign up to receive announcements on the latest data information, tools and services that become available, data announcements from PPS and more! Contact the GES DISC User Services (gsfc-help-disc@lists.nasa.gov) to be added to the list.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Product Readme: ftp://meso-a.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/trmmdocs/3B42_3B43_doc.pdf File Specifications for TRMM Products: ftp://pps.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/v7filespec/filespec.TRMM.V7.pdf Metadata for TRMM Products: ftp://pps.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/v7filespec/filespecMeta.TRMM.V7.pdf TRMM V6 vs. V7 Major Data Format Changes: http://pps.gsfc.nasa.gov/Documents/formatChangesV7.pdf Huffman, G.J., 1997: "Estimates of Root-Mean-Square Random Error for Finite Samples of Estimated Precipitation," J. Appl. Meteor., 1191-1201. Huffman, G.J., R.F. Adler, D.T. Bolvin, G. Gu, E.J. Nelkin, K.P. Bowman, Y. Hong, E.F. Stocker, D.B. Wolff, 2007: The TRMM Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis: Quasi- Global, Multi-Year, Combined-Sensor Precipitation Estimates at Fine Scale. J. Hydrometeor., 8(1), 38-55. PDF available at ftp://meso.gsfc.nasa.gov/agnes/huffman/papers/ TMPA_jhm_07.pdf.gz Huffman, G.J., R.F. Adler, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, 2010: The TRMM Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA). Chapter 1 in Satellite Rainfall Applications for Surface Hydrology, F. Hossain and M. Gebremichael, Eds. Springer Verlag, ISBN: 978-90-481-2914-0, 3-22.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19980101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 50.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -50.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION RATE
Theme_Keyword: TRMM > TROPICAL RAINFALL MEASURING MISSION
Theme_Keyword: RAIN GAUGES
Theme_Keyword: PR > TRMM PRECIPITATION RADAR
Theme_Keyword: TMI > TRMM MICROWAVE IMAGER
Theme_Keyword: VIRS > TRMM VISIBLE INFRARED SCANNER
Theme_Keyword: EOS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: GPCP > GLOBAL PRECIPITATION CLIMATOLOGY PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: TRMM > TROPICAL RAINFALL MEASURING MISSION PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: CWIC > CEOS WGISS INTEGRATED CATALOG
Theme_Keyword: Eosdis
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > TROPICS
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly - < Annual
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GES DISC HELP DESK SUPPORT GROUP
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center
Address: Code 610.2
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5224
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gsfc-help-disc@lists.nasa.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: ftp://disc2.nascom.nasa.gov/data/TRMM/Gridded/3B43_V7/3B43V7_sample.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Sample image of the TRMM 3B43 and others combined surface rainfall.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Satellite/gauge relative error estimates are provided for each 0.25 x 0.25 degree box. The estimates are derived in two steps: (1) the error estimates of each input data are computed separately, mostly reflecting the sampling-induced uncertainty of each field and (2) a linear combination of these field errors is computed, in which each field error estimate is weighted by the inverse of its error-variance. There are currently no known deficiencies in the 3B43 algorithm. The quality of the 3B43 product is highly sensitive to the quality of the input data: TRMM adjusted merged-IR (product 3B42) and the monthly gridded precipitation gauge analysis (courtesy of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre). If the quality of the input data is less than anticipated, then the quality of 3B43 will also be less.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.25 degree
Longitude_Resolution: 0.25 degree
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: Not Available
Altitude_Resolution: Surface
Altitude_Distance_Units: Not Available
Altitude_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Not Available
Depth_Resolution: Surface
Depth_Distance_Units: Not Available
Depth_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NASA/GSFC/SED/ESD/GCDC/GESDISC > Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (formerly Goddard DAAC), Global Change Data Center, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA
Contact_Person: GES DISC HELP DESK SUPPORT GROUP
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center
Address: Code 610.2
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5224
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gsfc-help-disc@lists.nasa.gov
Resource_Description: GES_DISC_TRMM_3B43_V7
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HDF
Transfer_Size: increasing daily
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://mirador.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/mirador/prese...
Access_Instructions:
Data access URL for TRMM product 3B43
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disc2.nascom.nasa.gov/opendap/TRMM_L3/TRMM_...
Access_Instructions:
OPeNDAP Earth Science Data TRMM 3B43.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://mirador.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/mirador/homep...
Access_Instructions:
The Mirador Earth Science Data Search Tool includes TRMM 3B43, TRMM Best-estimate precipitation rate (mm/hr) and root-mean-square (RMS) precipitation-error estimates. Mirador features include location and event gazetteers.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/SSW/#keywords=TRMM_3...
Access_Instructions:
Subsetting 3B43 based on your area of interest.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getserf.htm?TOVAS
Access_Instructions:
This interface is designed for quick analyses of the TRMM Level-3 monthly rainfall product, 3B43. Users can plot area averages (area plot) and time series (time plot) for selected areas and time periods.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getserf.htm?TRMM_inter-comp
Access_Instructions:
This tool is online inter-comparison of monthly TRMM and other global gridded precipitation products.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://idn.ceos.org/climdiag/Metadata.do?Portal=cl...
Access_Instructions:
TRMM RAINFALL CLIMATOLOGY FROM 1998 to 2008 averaging all available Monthly 0.25 x 0.25 degree 3B43 data set.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/precipitation/docume...
Access_Instructions:
Readme file for TRMM product 3B43
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/precipitation/
Access_Instructions:
This URL contains information and data access for all of the Goddard DAAC's hydrology data holdings, including TRMM data from the TMI, Precipitation Radar (PR) and Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) instruments, the Ground Validation (GV) radar data, and ancillary and correlative data products.
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110719
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140516
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ZHONG LIU
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA
Address: Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Mailstop 610.2
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Zhong.Liu-1@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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