Rwanda Society-Environment Project

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Rwanda Society-Environment Project
Description:
Abstract:
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY RWANDA SOCIETY-ENVIRONMENT PROJECT The objective of the project is to address natural resources management (NRM) issues in Rwanda through a collaborative program of training, research and analysis. The focus is applied research with policy implications which examines the interdependent relationship between population pressure, agricultural productivity and land degradation in Rwanda. The study addresses the particular circumstances of Rwanda and will also provide a conceptual and methodological basis for similar work elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The goal of the project is to develop, in Rwanda, a prototype methodology for determining optimum and minimum data sets for environmental management in developing countries in Africa and to determine how to effectively use physical and socio-economic data sets interactively, e.g. in a GIS, to address NRM policy. Rwanda was selected as a case study on the basis of its remarkable array of medium-term data on both environmental and socio-economic conditions. A decade ago Rwanda was a data-poor country, yet by the early 1990s it had one of the most comprehensive data sets in sub-Saharan Africa. This change was a consequence of a number of important initiatives to improve data availability taken by the Government of Rwanda with the support of donor agencies such as USAID and Belgian Technical Cooperation. By the early 1990s the country had a more refined sub-national, longitudinal data set covering socio-economic and environmental conditions than most others on the continent. This included data for 143 communes on agricultural production, crop acreage and estimated nutritional composition together with data on livestock ownership. These can be aggregated to the prefecture level. Census data was available for the 1978 and 1991 censuses. The calibre of this data permitted an assessment of what are optimum and minimum data sets for Natural Resources Management (NRM) in Rwanda, and provided information applicable to other countries in Africa. Two key questions that formed a guiding theme to the Rwanda Society-Environment Project were: what are the minimal and optimal data sets for NRM? what are the most effective ways of integrating these data sets? The key findings of the project are that: there is a need to develop coherent information systems that incorporate government, project and other information; as many development and NRM processes cut across national boundaries, data systems need to be compatible between nations; existing data collection and management structures require significant modification to take advantage of ongoing developments in data management and analysis, and to be effective for the planning and policy needs of the 21st Century. NRM requires the integration of information on societal and environmental processes. A critical objective is to identify the fundamental information requirements of each. The most basic socio-economic data base is the population census. This should be organized so as to accurately reflect the temporal and spatial dynamics of national demographic trends. The majority of African countries have a census bureau that is responsible for regular implementation of a national census, and many supplement this with intervening sample censuses. The latter is important to gain an understanding of demographic processes that are too rapid to be adequately captured by decennial censuses. These include migration and the impacts of movements caused by political strife, ethnic discrimination, and events such as floods and famines. The counterpart in the environmental realm is the topographic map, preferably digitized, supplemented by remotely-sensed imagery to provide baseline conditions and dynamics of change in land use/ vegetation cover. These provide a basis for understanding the impact of human activity on the landscape. These two data bases form an integrated foundation for the systematic collection of other data at the national level. The basic principle in the collection of additional information is that the spatial resolution of the collection unit should be relevant to the process that the variable represents and compatible with the fundamental system of spatial units established for the country. Further, such information should be collected as regularly as would be justified to monitor changes that reflect the dynamics of the process concerned. The project was conducted through collaborative training and research among the participants: the Department of Geography and the Center for Advanced Study of International Development, Michigan State University (MSU-CASID); Global Resource Information Database, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-GRID); the Government of Rwanda: Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MINETO) and Ministry of Agriculture, Division des Statistiques Agricoles (DSA); and the National University of Rwanda, Department of Geography (UNR-GEO). Funding was provided by MSU and CIESIN, IDRC. and UNEP.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19900101
Ending_Date: 19940101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 31.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -1.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -3.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > BOUNDARIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION > URBANIZATION/URBAN SPRAWL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > WATER MANAGEMENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > INFRASTRUCTURE > TRANSPORTATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LANDSCAPE > LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > FAMINE
Theme_Keyword: Administrative Boundaries
Theme_Keyword: Atmosphere > Atmospheric Processes > Rainfall
Theme_Keyword: Atmosphere > Climatic Issues
Theme_Keyword: Boundary
Theme_Keyword: Boundaries > Boundaries
Theme_Keyword: Climate
Theme_Keyword: Elevation
Theme_Keyword: Environmental Monitoring > Environmental Measurements > Elevation
Theme_Keyword: Freshwater > Drinking Water Supply > Water
Theme_Keyword: Human Settlements > Infrastructure > Access Roads
Theme_Keyword: Human Settlements > Socio-economic Aspects > Urban Areas
Theme_Keyword: Isohytes
Theme_Keyword: Isolines
Theme_Keyword: Population
Theme_Keyword: Rain Stations
Theme_Keyword: Rainfall
Theme_Keyword: Resource Management
Theme_Keyword: Roads
Theme_Keyword: Towns
Theme_Keyword: Terrestrial Ecosystems > Biodiversity, Protected Areas
Theme_Keyword: Transportation > Land Transportation > Road Classification
Theme_Keyword: Transportation > Land Transportation > Roads
Theme_Keyword: Water
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: BOUNDARIES
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
Theme_Keyword: PLANNING CADASTRE
Theme_Keyword: SOCIETY
Theme_Keyword: TRANSPORTATION
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > RWANDA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AFRICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA
Access_Constraints: Public
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JOHANNES AKIWUMI
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Head, Data and Information Management Section
Address: Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA)
Address: United Nations Environment Programme
Address: P. O. Box 30552
City: Nairobi
Postal_Code: 00100
Country: Kenya
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624214
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Johannes.Akiwumi@unep.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: UNEP/GRID-NAIROBI > Global Resource Information Database - Nairobi, Division of Early Warning and Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme
Contact_Person: JOHANNES AKIWUMI
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Head, Data and Information Management Section
Address: Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA)
Address: United Nations Environment Programme
Address: P. O. Box 30552
City: Nairobi
Postal_Code: 00100
Country: Kenya
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624214
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Johannes.Akiwumi@unep.org
Resource_Description: NBId0262_101
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gridnairobi.unep.org/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130211
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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