Land Use Experiment (DIII, Berlin-Dahlem/Germany)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Prof. Dr. F. Ellmer
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Land Use Experiment (DIII, Berlin-Dahlem/Germany)
Edition:
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Series_Information:
Series_Name:
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Online_Linkage: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/eusomnet/expts/landused111.html
Description:
Abstract:
This experiment began in 1923. The land uses in the project are: 1923-66 "free" rotation, 50% cereals,50% non-cereals; since 1967 4 year rotation either fodder beet,winter wheat,potatoes,winter wheat or winter rye,winter wheat,oats,winter wheat (treatment E). Treatments: A. 2xdepth of ploughing; B.with/without lime; C. with/without phosphate; D. with/without stable manure; E. crop rotation. A,B,C from 1923; D since 1939; E since 1967. The site is classified in the cool temperate climatic region. The average climatic conditions at the experimental site are: Minimum annual temperature: 5.7 deg C Mean annual temperature: 9.2 deg C Maximum annual temperature: 12.7 deg C Minimum annual rainfall: 356 mm Mean annual rainfall: 547 mm Maximum annual rainfall: 736 mm The soil at the site is described as an Albic Luvisol (FAO). The characteristics of the soil are: Ap 0-30 cm: silty sand, single grain structure; Al 30-50 cm: silty sand, single grain structure; al/IIBt 50-60 cm: silty/loamy sand, single grain/subpolyhedric structure; IIbt 60-80 cm: loamy sand, single grain/subpolyhedric structure; IICv >80 cm: loamy sand, single grain/subpolyhedric structure. The measurements made, methodology, and frequency are listed below: a) Vegetation measurements made and frequency Yield: Annual Total above-ground dry matter: Annual 1967-70: N,P,K. 1989/89: Cd,Pb,Cu,Zn (selected treatments). b) Soil sampling Details of soil sampling method: 25 single samples are taken per plot using an auger, combined to give a mixed sample. The samples are generally taken from 3 replications (nos 4,5,6; ie 96 plots) at irregular intervals, depending on special research projects. Due to the large number of treatments (32) sampling is sometimes limited to selected treatments. Soil is separated into layers Details of measuring depths and soil layers: 0-16,16-30,30-50 cm. The frequency of sampling is generally the same for all layers. c) Soil measurements made and frequency Total carbon: Irregular - 1937,52,56,62,67,70,88,89,90. Method of measuring total carbon: Different methods used during the course of the experiment. The latest sampling used gas chromatographic determination of CO2 and N2 after dry combustion of soil (with Nitrogen Analyser Carlo Erba 1500). Total nitrogen: Irregular (1937,52,56,62,67,70,88,89,90). Method of measuring total nitrogen: Methods have varied during the course of the experiment. Total mineral nitrogen: 1989,1990 only Method of measuring total mineral nitrogen: NO3 - Na-Salicylate method; NH4 - Nessler's Reagent Soil bulk density or weight: Irregular (1961/2,67-70,88) Other nutrients: pH (1923,26,29,31,32,34,39,46,47,52,56,62,67,70,75,85,88,89, 90). P (1924,32,38,49,52,56,62,67,70). K (1924,32,38,56,62,67,70). Ca (1956). Mg (1956). Cd,Pb,Cu,Zn (1988/89). Atmospheric inputs: Measurements of nutrient inputs (several anions and cations) contained in rainfall are available (long term values from other experiments in the research station). Other measurements: Soil: several microbiological parameters (1988-90). Plant: sociology of weeds (1988-90); investigaations into the yield structure of cereals (ears/sq m, 1000 grain weight, grains/ear, grains/sq m, nos of fertile and sterile spikelets, etc), since 1967. d) Details of the meteorological station Nearest meteorological station to the site: Berlin-Dahlem which is .5 km from the site at coordinates 13deg18min E, 52deg28min N. Meteorological data is available from both a manual and an automaticstation. e) Meteorological data available and frequency Rainfall: Daily Air temperature: Daily/continuous Soil temperature: Daily/continuous at Several depths depth Wind speed: Continuous Net Radiation: Continuous Sun hours: Daily Relative humidity: Daily/continuous Potential evapotranspiration: Daily measured/calculated by 1953-1980: Piche, Wild, Mitscherlich. 1981-> Class A pan, Czeratzki. Calculated values by the methods of Penman, Thornthwaite, Haude. This information was compiled for the GCTE-SOMNET Database, Pete Smith, Pete Falloon, David Powlson, and Jo Smith. Soil Science Department, IACR-Rothamsted, UK.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Eberhardt, W. and Krzysch, G. 1959. Stickstoffgehalt und C/N-Verhaltnis eines lehmigen Sandbodens und ihre Abhangigkeit von Pflungarbeit und Dungung. Z. Pflanzenernahr., Dung., Bodenkde 85, 117-123.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kohn, W. 1973. Der Einfluss langahriger ackerbaulicher und pflanzenbaulicher Massnahmen auf die Eigenschaften und die Ertragsleistung eines Sandbodens unter besonderer Berucksichtigung getreidereicher Fruchtfolgen. Diss. TU Berlin.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kohn, W. 1975 and 1976. Der Einfluss langjahriger Bodenbearbeitungs-, Dungungs-und Fruchtfolgemassnahmen auf die chemischen und physikalischen Eigenschaften und die Ertragsleistung eines lehmigen Sandbodens. Teil I: Bayer. Ldw. Jahrbuch 52, 929-955. Teil II: Bayer. Ldw. Jahrbuch 53, 419-442.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kohn, W. and Caesar, K. 1988. Langzeituntersuchungen zur Pflugtiefe, Kalkung, Stallmistdungung sowie Fruchtfolge in Berlin-Dahlem. Ber. Ges. Pflanzenbauwiss. 1, 105-125.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Krzysch, G. (Hrsg.) et al 1992. Einfluss von langjahrig differenzierten Bewirtschaftungs massnahmen und Umweltbelastungen auf Bodenfruchtnarkeit und Ertrgasleistung eines lehmigen Sandbodens. Schriftenreihe d. FB Intern. Agrarentw. d. TU Berlin, Nr.141.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Morgenroth, E. 1941. Die Bedeutung der Bearbeitungstiefe fur den Fruchtbarkeitszustand des Bodens im Lichte allgemeiner Erfahrungen und der Dahlemer Dauerversuche. Bodenkde u. Pflanzenernahr. 26, 14-72.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Opitz, K. 1930. Uber den Einfluss der Bodenbearbeitnung und Kalkung auf den Zustand des Dahlemer Bodens und den Pflanzenertrag. Wiss. Arch. Landwirtsch. 4, 46.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Opitz, K. and Tamm, E. 1953. Die Bedeutung de Bodenbearbeitungstiefe im Zusammenwirken mit Dungungmassnahmen fur die Bodenfruchtbarkeit im Lichte der Dahlemer Dauerversuche. Z. Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 96, 261-308.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Opitz, K., Rathsack, K. and Gopp, K. 1933. Experimentelle Beitrage zum Problem der Aufschliessung von Bodennahrstoffen durch Bodenbearbeitung. Landw. Jb. 77, 889.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Opitz. K., Rathsack, K. and Wegener, A. 1936. Weitere Untersuchungen uber die Bedeutung der Bodenbearbeitung und Kalkdungung fur den chemischen Zustand des Bodens. Landw. Jb. 83,391.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Petigk, J. 1965. Die Beeinflussung der physikalischen Eigenschaften des Dahlemer Bodens durch langjahrig differenzierte Bodenbearbeitungs-und Dungungsmassnahmen. Z. Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 123, 269-306.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tamm, E. and Eberhardt, W. 1958. Die Einwirkung verschiedener Bodenbearbeitungs-und Dungungsmassnahmen auf den chemischen Zustand und die Ertragsleistung eines lehmigen Sandbodens. Z. Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 106, 361-406.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tamm, E. and Krzysch, G. 1964. Veranderungen der chemischen und biologischen Bodeneigenschaften im Profil eines lehmigen Sandbodens durch langjahrig differenzierte Bodenbearbeitungs-und Dungungsmassnahmen. Teil I: Z. Acker- und Pflanzenbau 120, 197-231. Teil II: Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 121, 1-28.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19230101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.2
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.4
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 52.5
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 52.4
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS > FERTILIZERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROP/PLANT YIELDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROPPING SYSTEMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CALCIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON > TOTAL CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MAGNESIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > MICRONUTRIENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > NITROGEN > MINERAL NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > NITROGEN > TOTAL NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > NET RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SUNSHINE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > BIOMASS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CALCIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MAGNESIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > MICRONUTRIENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > NITROGEN > MINERAL NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: GCTE > GLOBAL CHANGE AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, IGBP
Theme_Keyword: Avena Sativa L.
Theme_Keyword: Beet
Theme_Keyword: Brassica Napus L.
Theme_Keyword: Gcte
Theme_Keyword: Global Change And Terestrial Ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: Igbp
Theme_Keyword: International Geosphere Biosphere Program
Theme_Keyword: Oats
Theme_Keyword: Potatoes
Theme_Keyword: Rye
Theme_Keyword: Secale Cereale L.
Theme_Keyword: Soil Organic Matter Network
Theme_Keyword: Solanum Tuberosum L.
Theme_Keyword: Somnet
Theme_Keyword: Triticum Aestivum L.
Theme_Keyword: Winter Wheat
Theme_Keyword: FARMING
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ECONOMY
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > GERMANY
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Varies By Measurement, See Summary Section
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: FRANK ELLMER
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: (Crop Farming Institute)
Address: Institut fur Pflanzenbauwissenschaften
Address: Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin
Address: Invalidenstrasse 42
City: Berlin
Postal_Code: 10115
Country: Germany
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 030 2897 2365
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 030 2897 2357
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Details of the plots: Width of smallest plot is 4 m Length of smallest plot is 5 m Slope: Negligible . Shape: Uniform Details of direction of cultivation: Parallel Width of Bare Strip around plot: None Width of Discard Strip around plot: 0.5 m Details of homogeneity of the plots: Variability is high due to 1) natural soil heterogeneity; 2) treatments, esp. line and manure fertilizing, which influence pH,SOM,nutrients very differently in the various zones of the plots. The problem is intensified by the small plot size. Some small investigations were done in the pase, but systematic research work is still missing. Details of replication, randomization: There are at least 6 replicates in the experiment. Systematic design.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: Not Available
Altitude_Resolution: 16 cm
Altitude_Distance_Units: Not Available
Altitude_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Not Available
Depth_Resolution: 16 cm
Depth_Distance_Units: Not Available
Depth_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: RRES/GCTE SOMNET/EUROSOMNET > European Soil Organic Matter Network, Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Soil Organic Matter Network, Rothamsted Research
Contact_Person: PETER FALLOON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Agriculture & Environment Division,
Address: Rothamsted Research,
Address: Harpenden,
Address: Herts. AL5 2JQ UK.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +44 (0)1582 763133 x2110
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +44 (0)1582 760981
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Pete.Falloon@bbsrc.ac.uk
Resource_Description: HUB.IFP.DIII
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/eusomnet/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/somnet/index...
Access_Instructions:
This url links to the GCTE-SOMNET home page where additional project information and methodology can be obtained. This site is currently in a datasharing phase of the network where actual data will become available shortly, at different levels of accessibility. Please follow this link for more information.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19991209
Metadata_Review_Date: 20080131
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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