Collaborative Research: Science Opportunities for a Multidisciplinary Long-Range Aircraft for Antarctic Research

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Collaborative Research: Science Opportunities for a Multidisciplinary Long-Range Aircraft for Antarctic Research
Description:
Abstract:
NSF OPP Grants 0443556 and 0443391 Collaborative Research: Science Opportunities for a Multidisciplinary Long-Range Aircraft for Antarctic Research The polar regions play a critical role in Earth's climatic and geodynamic systems. Although located far from the main centers of human civilization, the polar atmosphere and oceans have strong global connections and therefore directly affect global weather, climate, and the world's population. Over geologic time scales, Antarctic geodynamic processes are a major influence on ice-sheet dynamics and global environmental change, which affects current and long-term, large-scale sea level changes. Currently, we have a physically based, conceptual understanding of many of the significant interactions that impact climate and the Antarctic environment. To transform this conceptual understanding into quantitative knowledge, it is necessary to acquire geographically diverse sets of fundamental observations at a range of spatial and temporal resolutions. Satellite data provide needed continent-wide coverage, but they often have limited spatial resolution and provide virtually no sub-surface information. They also require extensive calibration and validation, which can be difficult or impossible to obtain in the Antarctic. Data collected from remote field camps, seagoing vessels, and small aircraft provide only point sources of information on a continental scale. The mobile research platforms currently in use lack the capability to sample rapidly enough to include the daily to weekly time scale of atmospheric and oceanic processes over continent-wide scales. The spatial scale gap and temporal-scale gap in data collection can best be filled by a long-range, ski-equipped aircraft dedicated to Antarctic research. To address these data gaps, the Antarctic solid Earth, glaciology, atmospheric science, and oceanographic communities came together at a workshop in September 2004 in Herndon, Virginia. At the workshop, they formulated a scientific justification for a long-range research aviation facility and identified key scientific questions that need to be addressed. Target areas extend over both continental and oceanic regions. Different survey designs and sensor configurations are required to address each key question. Workshop participants defined several generic mission profiles that would achieve most scientific goals. Common to all mission profiles is the need for an aircraft capable of carrying an integrated payload of remote-sensing and in situ instrumentation over long distances. Almost all mission profiles require data acquisition in regions more than a thousand nautical miles from existing landing sites for wheeled aircraft in Antarctica. To get to the target area and be able to survey for several hours requires aircraft endurance of at least 10 hours or the ability to refuel in remote locations. Flights that maintain altitudes from a few hundred meters to at least 7 km are required. Atmospheric physics and chemistry research require a long-range aircraft with significant load-carrying capability. Payload requirements range from 2,500 lbs for solid Earth and glaciology missions to 12,000 lbs for atmospheric chemistry missions. The range of instrumentation that needs to be supported, and the wide variety of data that will be collected, by a multidisciplinary, instrumented, long-range research aircraft creates operational complexity, which requires a central management and operations facility. Existing research aviation facilities generally do not cover the broad range of disciplines represented at the workshop and do not support the variety of sensors envisioned for the long-range Antarctic research aviation facility. The development and operation of such a facility would be a unique undertaking. The full report is available at: http://www.geo-prose.com/
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fogt, R.L. and D.H. Bromwich. 2005. Decadal variability of the ENSO teleconnection to the high latitude South Pacific governed by coupling with the Southern Annular Mode. Journal of Climate (provisionally accepted for publication). Gordon, A.L. 1999. The Southern Ocean currents. Journal of Marine Education 15:4-6. Petit, J.R., J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N.I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V.M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V.Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pepin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard. 1999. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature 399:429-436. Scambos, T., C. Hulbe, and M. Fahnestock. 2004. Climate induced ice shelf disintegration in the Antarctic Peninsula. In: Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Historical and Paleoenvironmental Perspectives, E. Domack, A. Leventer, A. Burnett, R. Bindschadler, P. Convey, and M. Kirby, eds., Antarctic Research Series 79:79-92. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. Spikes, V.B., B.M. Csatho, G.S. Hamilton, and I.M. Whillans. 2003. Thickness changes on Whillans Ice Stream and Ice Stream C, West Antarctica, derived from laser altimetry measurements. Journal of Glaciology 49(165):223-230. Studinger, M., R.E. Bell, and A.A. Tikku. 2004. Estimating the depth and shape of sub-glacial Lake Vostokýs water cavity from aerogravity data. Geophysical Research Letters 31, L12401, doi:10.1029/2004GL019801.
Status:
Progress: Planned
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
East_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
North_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
South_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE GEOPHYSICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > ANTARCTIC OSCILLATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS
Theme_Keyword: AIRCRAFT
Theme_Keyword: ALTIMETERS
Theme_Keyword: CAMERAS
Theme_Keyword: LASERS > LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: LIDAR > LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING
Theme_Keyword: MAGNETOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: GPS > GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: RADAR > RADIO DETECTION AND RANGING
Theme_Keyword: NSF/PLR > DIVISION OF POLAR PROGRAMS, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Theme_Keyword: LARA > LONG-RANGE AIRCRAFT FOR RESEARCH IN ANTARCTICA
Theme_Keyword: Antarctic
Theme_Keyword: Aerogeophysical
Theme_Keyword: Glaciological
Theme_Keyword: Atmospheric
Theme_Keyword: Oceanography
Theme_Keyword: Research Aircraft
Theme_Keyword: Solid Earth Geophysics
Theme_Keyword: International Geophysical Year
Theme_Keyword: Ipy
Theme_Keyword: Instrumentation
Theme_Keyword: Polar
Theme_Keyword: Multidisciplinary
Theme_Keyword: Aviation Facilities
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BEATA CSATHO
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Byrd Polar Research Center
Address: The Ohio State University
Address: 1090 Carmack Road
City: Columbus
State_or_Province: OH
Postal_Code: 43210-1002
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 614 292-6641
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csatho.1@osu.edu
Back to Top
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
Back to Top
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: OH-STATE/BPRC > Byrd Polar Research Center, The Ohio State University
Contact_Person: BEATA CSATHO
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Byrd Polar Research Center
Address: The Ohio State University
Address: 1090 Carmack Road
City: Columbus
State_or_Province: OH
Postal_Code: 43210-1002
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 614 292-6641
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csatho.1@osu.edu
Resource_Description: csatho_0443556
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://bprc.osu.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~mstuding/
Access_Instructions:
Studying Extensional Tectonics and Ice Sheet Dynamics in Antarctica with Aerogeophysical Methods
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.geo-prose.com/
Access_Instructions:
Full workshop report related to "Collaborative Research: Science Opportunities for a Multidisciplinary Long-Range Aircraft for Antarctic Research" NSF OPP Grants 0443556 and 0443391
Fees: Not Available
Back to Top
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20060111
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100707
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ROB BAUER
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: University of Colorado
Address: Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
Address: CIRES 449 UCB
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-492-2378
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303-492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bauer@nsidc.org
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Back to Top
[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site