Into the Arctic -- Information and Educational Activities for Studying Climate

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Originator: David L. McGinnis, Rachel Hauser, J. Gellhorn, Scott Elias, and B. Burnett
Publication_Date: 19990101
Title: Into the Arctic -- Information and Educational Activities for Studying Climate
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Publication_Place: Boulder, CO U.S.A.
Publisher: National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
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Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/arcss069.html
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'Into the Arctic' contains educational materials about climate and climate history in the Arctic that use real data and questions from the Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two (GISP2). Beginning in 1993, scientists from all over the world participated in the GISP2 project to drill through 3,000 meters of ice in Greenland, and discovered a history of the world's climate. Inspired by the research results from GISP2, 'Into the Arctic' offers instructional materials and activities for teachers to use in the many contexts of their daily teaching routines. Its unique feature is that it provides data collected and used by research scientists, and it provides students with the questions scientists grapple with in their research. There are no right or wrong answers. Students are presented with the data, and they are free to suggest answers to the questions posed. Lessons and activities are designed for use by secondary through lower-level college students studying Earth science, geography, history, social studies or chemistry. Information and activities are divided into four sections: Climate, Climate Change, El Nino, and the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2. The subjects selected range from the broad (Climate and Climate Change) to the more specific (El Nino and the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2) to provide the reader with background in Earth science that can then be applied using broadly related case studies.
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Himalayan Interdisciplinary Paleoclimate Program (HIPP) - Science and Implementation Plan, IGBP-PAGES Workshop Report 96-1. Welch, K.A., P.A. Mayewski and S.I. Whitlow. 1993. Methanesulfonic acid in coastal antarctic snow related to sea-ice extent, Geophys. Res. Lett. 20(6):443-446. Whitlow, S., P. Mayewski, J. Dibb, G. Holdsworth and M. Twickler. 1994. An ice- core-based record of biomass burning in the Arctic and Subarctic, 1750-1980. Tellus, Ser. B, 46:234-242. White, E.J. Steig and L.K. Barlow. 1997. Reconstructing annual and seasonal climatic responses from volcanic events since A.D. 1270 as recorded in the deuterium signal from the GISP2 ice core, J. Geophys. Res., 102:19,683-694. White, J.W.C., L.K. Barlow, D. Fisher, P. Grootes, J. Jouzel, S.J. Johnsen, M. Stuiver and H. Clausen. 1997. The climate signal in stable isotopes of snow from Summit, Greenland: Results of comparisons with modern climate observations, J. Geophys. Res. 102:26,425-439. Wigley, T.M.L. 1990. Could reducing fossil-fuel emissions cause global warming, Nature, 349:503-506. Zielinski, G.A., P.A. Mayewski, L.D. Meeker, S.I. Whitlow, M.S. Twickler, M.C. Morrison, D. Meese, R. Alley and A.J. Gow. 1994. Record of volcanism since 7000 BC from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system, Science 264:948-952. Zielinski, G.A. 1995. Stratospheric loading and optical depth estimates of explosive volcanism over the last 2100 years derived from the GISP2 Greenland ice core, J. Geophys. Res. 100(D10):20,937- 955. Zielinski, G.A., P.A. Mayewski, L.D. Meeker, S.I. Whitlow and M.S. Twickler. 1996. A 110,000-year record of explosive volcanism from the GISP2 (Greenland) ice core, Quat. Res. 45:109-118. Zielinski, G.A., P.A. Mayewski, L.D. Meeker, S.I. Whitlow, M.S. Twickler and K.C. Taylor. 1996. Potential atmospheric impact of the Toba mega-eruption ~71,000 years ago, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23(8):837-840. Zielinski, G.A., P.A. Mayewski, L.D. Meeker, K. Grnvold, M.S. Germani, S.I. Whitlow, M.S. Twickler and K.C. Taylor. 1997. Volcanic aerosol records and tephrochronology of the Summit, Greenland, ice cores, J. Geophys. Res. 102:26,625-640. Zielinski, G.A. and G.R. Mershon. 1997. Paleoenvironmental implications of the insoluble microparticle record in the GISP2 (Greenland) ice core during the rapidly changing climate of the Holocene-Pleistocene transition, Geol. Soc. of Am. Bull. 109:547-559.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
East_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
North_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
South_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > CLOUD CONDENSATION NUCLEI
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > DUST/ASH/SMOKE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > ALBEDO
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > ICE SHEETS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > ICE SHEETS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > ICE CORE AIR BUBBLES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > IONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > ISOTOPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > PARTICULATE MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > VOLCANIC DEPOSITS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIER THICKNESS/ICE SHEET THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIER THICKNESS/ICE SHEET THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > HALOCARBONS AND HALOGENS > CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS
Theme_Keyword: ARCSS > ARCTIC SYSTEM SCIENCE
Theme_Keyword: ARCSS/GISP2 > ARCTIC SYSTEM SCIENCE/GREENLAND ICE SHEET PROJECT 2
Theme_Keyword: GISP2 > GREENLAND ICE SHEET PROJECT II
Theme_Keyword: NSF/OPP > OFFICE OF POLAR PROGRAMS, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Theme_Keyword: Adcc
Theme_Keyword: Aerosols
Theme_Keyword: Albedo
Theme_Keyword: Arcss069
Theme_Keyword: Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center
Theme_Keyword: Climate
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Climate Research
Theme_Keyword: Climate Variation
Theme_Keyword: Earth's Atmosphere
Theme_Keyword: Ecm
Theme_Keyword: Education
Theme_Keyword: Educational Activities
Theme_Keyword: El Nino
Theme_Keyword: Electrical Conductivity Measurement
Theme_Keyword: Gisp2
Theme_Keyword: Global Warming
Theme_Keyword: Greenhouse Gases
Theme_Keyword: Greenland Ice Cap
Theme_Keyword: Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2
Theme_Keyword: Ice Cores
Theme_Keyword: K-12
Theme_Keyword: National Science Foundation
Theme_Keyword: Nsf
Theme_Keyword: Nsidc
Theme_Keyword: Opp-9321416
Theme_Keyword: Opp9321416
Theme_Keyword: Oxygen Isotopes
Theme_Keyword: Paleoclimate
Theme_Keyword: Proxy Data
Theme_Keyword: Solar Radiation Budget
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Please acknowledge the originators of the data set.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVID L. MCGINNIS
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: RACHEL HAUSER
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Geography
Address: University of Iowa
City: Iowa City
State_or_Province: IA
Postal_Code: 52242
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (319) 335-2588
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (319) 335-2725
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: david-mcginnis@uiowa.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: writers@nsidc.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC_ARCSS > Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC ARCSS USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Resource_Description: ARCSS069
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/arcss/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/arcss069.html
Access_Instructions:
access to CD-ROM order form
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120511
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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