Increase in the Asian SW Monsoon During the Past Four Centuries

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Anderson, D. M., Overpeck, J. T., and Gupta, A. K.
Publication_Date: July 2002
Title: Increase in the Asian SW Monsoon During the Past Four Centuries
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification: IGBP PAGES/WDC Paleoclimatology Contribution #2002-049
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, CO
Publisher: IGBP PAGES/World Data Center Paleoclimatology
Other_Citation_Details:
NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA
Online_Linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/anderson2002/anderson2002.html
Description:
Abstract:
This data set consists of faunal abundance data from Arabian Sea Box Cores. [ABSTRACT] Climate reconstructions reveal unprecedented warming in the last century, however little is known about trends in aspects such as the monsoon. We reconstructed the monsoon winds for the last 1,000 years using fossil Globigerina bulloides abundance in box cores from the Arabian Sea, and found that monsoon wind strength increased during the past 4 centuries, as the northern hemisphere warmed. We infer that the observed link between Eurasian warmth/snow cover and the SW monsoon persists on the centennial scale. Alternately, the forcing implicated in the warming trend (volcanic aerosols, solar output, greenhouse gases) may directly affect the monsoon. Either interpretation is consistent with the hypothesis that the SW monsoon strength will increase during the coming century as greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise and northern latitudes continue to warm.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Anderson, D. M., Overpeck, J. T., and Gupta, A. K., 2002, Increase in the Asian SW Monsoon During the Past Four Centuries. Science, Volume 297, Number 5581, 26 July 2002.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Altabet, M. A., Higginson, M. J. & Murray, D. W. 2002. The effect of millennial-scale changes in Arabian Sea denitrification on atmospheric CO2. Nature 415, 159-162.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Guo, Z. et al. 1996. High frequency pulses of East Asian Monsoon climate in the last two glaciations: link with the North Atlantic. Climate Dynamics 12, 701-709.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Guo, Z. T. et al. 2002. Onset of Asian desertification by 22 Myr ago inferred from loess deposits in China. Nature 416, 159-163 (2002).
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Porter, S. C. & Zhisheng, A. 1995. Correlation between climate events in the North Atlantic and China during the last deglaciation. Nature 375, 305-308.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ren, G. 1998. Pollen evidence for increased summer rainfall in the medieval warm period at Maili, Northeast China. Geophysical Research Letters 25, 1931-1934.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wang, L. et al. 1999. Holocene variations in Asian monsoon moisture: a bidecadel sediment record from the South China Sea. Geophysical Research Letters 26, 2889-2892.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 10000101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 105.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -60.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > MONSOONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > MICROFOSSILS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > SEDIMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS > ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION RECONSTRUCTION
Theme_Keyword: SHIPS
Theme_Keyword: SEDIMENT CORERS
Theme_Keyword: IGBP > INTERNATIONAL GEOSPHERE-BIOSPHERE PROGRAMME
Theme_Keyword: PAGES > PAST GLOBAL CHANGES, IGBP
Theme_Keyword: Monsoons
Theme_Keyword: Monsoon Reconstruction
Theme_Keyword: Globigerina Bulloides
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Climate Variability
Theme_Keyword: Caco3
Theme_Keyword: Calcium Carbonate
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > ARABIAN SEA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: 50-year Average
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVID M. ANDERSON
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JONATHAN T. OVERPECK
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ANIL K. GUPTA
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Address: National Climatic Data Center
Address: 325 Broadway, Code E/CC23
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80305-3328
Country: United States
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Institute of the Environment
Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University of Arizona
City: Tucson
State_or_Province: AZ
Postal_Code: 85721-0077
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Indian Institute of Technology
City: Kharagpur
Postal_Code: 721302
Country: India
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303.497.6237
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303.497.6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: david.m.anderson@noaa.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jto@email.arizona.edu
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/anderson2002/fig2-med.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
fossil abundance and temperature variations since 1000 AD
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER > World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder
Contact_Person: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Address: NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
Address: 325 Broadway
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80303
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: paleo@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: Data Contribution Series # 2002-049
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ascii
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/contributions_by_aut...
Access_Instructions:
Access to data and documentation
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/anderson2002/a...
Access_Instructions:
Additional documentation and graphics
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030411
Metadata_Review_Date: 20121018
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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