Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: J. Overpeck, K. Hughen, D. Hardy, R. Bradley, R. Case, M. Douglas, B. Finney, K. Gajewski, G. Jacoby, A. Jennings, S. Lamoureux, A. Lasca, G. MacDonald, J. Moore, M. Retelle, S. Smith, A. Wolfe, & G. Zielinski
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 1997-033
Issue_Identification: 1997-033
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, CO
Publisher: IGBP/PAGES/WDC Paleoclimatology
Other_Citation_Details:
NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program
Online_Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/front.htm
Description:
Abstract:
Abstract (from the online documentation): A compilation of paleoclimate records from lake sediments, trees, glaciers, and marine sediments provides a view of circum-Arctic environmental variability over the last 400 years. From 1840 to the mid-20th century, the Arctic warmed to the highest levels in four centuries. This warming ended the Little Ice Age in the Arctic and has caused dramatic retreats of glaciers, melting of permafrost and sea-ice, and alteration of terrestrial and lake ecosystems. Although significant warming, particularly after 1920, was likely due to increases in atmospheric trace-gases, the initiation of the warming in the mid-19th century suggests that increased solar irradiance, decreased volcanic activity, and feedbacks internal to the climate system played roles. For graphics and discussion of the data from this paper, see the web site http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/front.htm
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: J. Overpeck, K. Hughen, D. Hardy, R. Bradley, R. Case, M. Douglas, B. Finney, K. Gajewski, G. Jacoby, A. Jennings, S. Lamoureux, A. Lasca, G. MacDonald, J. Moore, M. Retelle,Ê S. Smith, A. Wolfe, & G. Zielinski. 1997. Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries, Science, v. 278, n. 5341 p. 1251-1256.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 16000101
Ending_Date: 20001231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 50.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR IRRADIANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > TREE RINGS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SEA ICE CONCENTRATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > LAKE ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > ISOTOPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > PARTICULATE MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > TREE RINGS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > LAKE LEVELS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > RADIOCARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > SEDIMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > VARVE DEPOSITS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ACTIVITY > SOLAR IRRADIANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > SEA ICE CONCENTRATION
Theme_Keyword: PAGES > PAST GLOBAL CHANGES, IGBP
Theme_Keyword: Climate Reconstruction
Theme_Keyword: Proxy
Theme_Keyword: Global Warming
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Permafrost
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ice
Theme_Keyword: Solar Irradiance
Theme_Keyword: Forcing
Theme_Keyword: Marine Sediments
Theme_Keyword: Lake Sediments
Theme_Keyword: Tree-ring Records
Theme_Keyword: Circum-arctic
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JONATHAN T. OVERPECK
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KONRAD A. HUGHEN
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: D HARDY
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: RAYMOND S. BRADLEY
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: R. CASE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: M. DOUGLAS
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BRUCE P. FINNEY
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KONRAD GAJEWSKI
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GORDON C. JACOBY, JR.
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: A. JENNINGS
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: S. LAMOUREUX
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: A. LASCA
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GLEN M. MACDONALD
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: J. MOORE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: M. RETELLE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: S. SMITH
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: A. WOLFE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GREGORY A. ZIELINSKI
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Institute of the Environment
Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University of Arizona
City: Tucson
State_or_Province: AZ
Postal_Code: 85721-0077
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
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Contact_Address:
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Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University Of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 01003
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
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Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 01003
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
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Address: Department of Geography
Address: University of California
City: Los Angeles
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 90095
Country: USA
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Address: Department of Geology
Address: University of Toronto
City: Toronto
State_or_Province: Ontario
Postal_Code: M5S 3B1
Country: CANADA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Institute of Marine Science
Address: University of Alaska
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99775
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology
Address: University of Ottawa
Address: Department of Geography
Address: Simard Building
Address: 165 Waller Street
City: Ottawa
State_or_Province: Ontario
Postal_Code: K1N 6N5
Country: Canada
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Tree-Ring Laboratory
Address: Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: INSTAAR
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal_Code: 80309
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
Address: University of Alberta
City: Edmonton
State_or_Province: Alberta
Postal_Code: T6G 2H3
Country: CANADA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Geology Department
Address: Bates College
City: Lewiston
State_or_Province: ME
Postal_Code: 04204
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Geography
Address: 405 Hilgard Ave.
Address: University of California
City: Los Angeles
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 90095
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
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Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal_Code: 80309
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Geology Department
Address: Bates College
City: Lewiston
State_or_Province: ME
Postal_Code: 04204
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
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Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University Of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 01003
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: INSTAAR
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal_Code: 80309
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Climate Change Institute
Address: 318 Bryand Global Sciences Center
Address: University of Maine
City: Orono
State_or_Province: ME
Postal_Code: 04469-5790
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 289-3353
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +01-613-562-5800 ext.1327
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (310) 825-2568
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 207-581-3441
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +01-613-562-5145
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (310) 206-5976
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 207-581-1203
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jto@email.arizona.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: khughen@whoi.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rbradley@geo.umass.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gajewski@aix1.uottawa.ca
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: macdonal@geog.ucla.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gzielinski@maine.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER > World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder
Contact_Person: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Address: NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
Address: 325 Broadway
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80303
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: paleo@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_ARCTIC
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: text
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/paleocean/b...
Access_Instructions:
Access to data files
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/figure1....
Access_Instructions:
Access to data files through interactive web
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/front.ht...
Access_Instructions:
Information on Arctic data set
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040330
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120831
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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