Hypothesized Climate Forcing Time Series for the Last 500 Years

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Robertson, A., Overpeck, J., Rind, D., Mosley-Thompson, E., Zielinski, G., Lean, J., Koch, D., Penner, J., Tegen, I., and Healy, R.
Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Hypothesized Climate Forcing Time Series for the Last 500 Years
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification: IGBP PAGES/WDC Contribution Series Number: 2001-057
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, CO
Publisher: NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/robertson2001/robertson2001.html
Description:
Abstract:
[from NOAA/NCDC/WDC Paleoclimatology] A new compilation of annually resolved time series of atmospheric trace gas concentrations, solar irradiance, tropospheric aerosol optical depth, and stratospheric (volcanic) aerosol optical depth is presented for use in climate modeling studies of the period 1500 to 1999 A.D. Atmospheric CO2, CH4, and N2O concentrations over this period are well established on the basis of fossil air trapped in ice cores and instrumental measurements over the last few decades. Estimates of solar irradiance, ranging between 1364.2 and 1368.2 W/m2, are presented using calibrated historical observations of the Sun back to 1610, along with cosmogenic isotope variations extending back to 1500. Tropospheric aerosol distributions are calculated by scaling the modern distribution of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosol optical depths back to 1860 using reconstructed regional CO2 emissions; prior to 1860 the anthropogenic tropospheric aerosol optical depths are assumed to be zero. Finally, the first continuous, annually dated record of zonally averaged stratospheric (volcanic) optical depths back to 1500 is constructed using sulfate flux data from multiple ice cores from both Greenland and Antarctica, in conjunction with historical and instrumental (satellite and pyrheliometric) observations. The climate forcings generated here are currently being used as input to a suite of transient (time dependent) paleoclimate model simulations of the past 500 years. These forcings are also available for comparison with instrumental and proxy paleoclimate data of the same period.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Robertson, A., Overpeck, J., Rind, D., Mosley-Thompson, E., Zielinski, G., Lean, J., Koch, D., Penner, J., Tegen, I., and Healy, R. 2001. Hypothesized climate forcing time series for the last 500 years J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. Vol. 106 , No. D14 , p. 14,783, 27 July 2001
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 15000101
Ending_Date: 19991231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > CARBONACEOUS AEROSOLS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > DUST/ASH/SMOKE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > SULFATE PARTICLES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR IRRADIANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > METHANE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS > NITROUS OXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ACTIVITY > SOLAR IRRADIANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > ASH/DUST COMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > METHANE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > NITROUS OXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > METHANE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY > NITROUS OXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS > SOLAR FORCING/INSOLATION RECONSTRUCTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > METHANE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN COMPOUNDS > NITROUS OXIDE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: IGBP > INTERNATIONAL GEOSPHERE-BIOSPHERE PROGRAMME
Theme_Keyword: PAGES > PAST GLOBAL CHANGES, IGBP
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Climate Forcing
Theme_Keyword: Solar Irradiance
Theme_Keyword: Stratospheric Optical Depth
Theme_Keyword: Tropospheric Optical Depth
Theme_Keyword: Volcanic Aerosol Optical Depth
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: RICHARD J. HEALY
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DOROTHY M. KOCH
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JUDITH LESLEY LEAN
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ELLEN MOSLEY-THOMPSON
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JONATHAN T. OVERPECK
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JOYCE E. PENNER
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DR. DAVID H. RIND
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ALEX ROBERTSON
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: INA TEGEN
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GREGORY A. ZIELINSKI
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
Address: Marine Chemistry & Geochemistry
Address: MS 25
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Address: 2880 Broadway
City: New York
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10025
Country: USA
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Address: Ohio State University
Address: 1090 Carmack Rd.
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Address: Institute of the Environment
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City: Tucson
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Postal_Code: 85721-0077
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Address: 2455 Hayward
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State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10025
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
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Address: University of Colorado
Address: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
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Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Climate Change Institute
Address: 318 Bryand Global Sciences Center
Address: University of Maine
City: Orono
State_or_Province: ME
Postal_Code: 04469-5790
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (212) 678-5561
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 202-767-5116
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (614) 292-6652
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 313-936-0519
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 207-581-3441
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 202-404-7997
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (614) 292-4697
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 313-764-5137
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 207-581-1203
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dkoch@giss.nasa.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jlean@ssd5.nrl.navy.mil
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: thompson.4@osu.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jto@email.arizona.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: penner@umich.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: David.H.Rind@nasa.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: itegen@bgc-jena.mpg.de
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gzielinski@maine.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 7.83 degrees
Longitude_Resolution: 10 degrees
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER > World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder
Contact_Person: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Address: NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
Address: 325 Broadway
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80303
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: paleo@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_CLIMATEFORCING
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII, Excel files
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/pubs/robertson2001/...
Access_Instructions:
Access to documentation and data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20010828
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120831
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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