Reconstructing the foraging ecology and molecular evolution of sub-Antarctic penguins: A pilot study

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Reconstructing the foraging ecology and molecular evolution of sub-Antarctic penguins: A pilot study
Description:
Abstract:
Metadata record for data from AAS (ASAC) Project 3203 See the link below for public details on this project. Public Summary High-order predators rely on the productivity of the Southern Ocean marine ecosystem for their continued survival. Their place in that ecosystem is the result of a long history of evolutionary adaptation to a challenging and changing environment. The objective of this study is to understand how species have adapted historically and are responding to today's rapidly changing environment. This study will use current and innovative non-invasive approaches (stable isotope analyses, ancient DNA extraction and pollutant analyses) to reconstruct historical feeding behaviours, contaminant loading and genetic changes over time for predators found at Macquarie Island. Project objectives: To initiate a pilot study of modern and fossil King and Royal penguin bones collected at Macquarie Island during the 2009/10 field season and in historical specimen collections from museums. The project will test the concept that the past 3000 years of climate variability may have caused measurable change in the penguins; A. foraging areas and trophic position B. genetic and/or evolutionary makeup C. pollutant loading (specifically Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)) If successful the study could contribute information to the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the potential responses of vertebrate predators to global climate change, and Australia's obligations under Article 16 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Taken from the 2009-2010 Progress Report: Progress against objectives: The project has been active for only 6 months however this was a successful field season for this project. Two bone outcrop sites were sampled at Macquarie Island, Landing Beach and Bauer Bay. Complete stratigraphic sequences of penguin bones and the sediment matrix were collected and photographic records taken of the outcrops. The samples are now at the AAD. A PhD student has been engaged at Griffith University in David Lambert's lab to extract and analyse the bone DNA. Preliminary investigations have succeeded in extracting the DNA.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tim H. Heupink, John van den Hoff and David M. Lambert 2012 King penguin population on Macquarie Island recovers ancient DNA diversity after heavy exploitation in historic times Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0053
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20090930
Ending_Date: 20120331
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 158.8
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 158.9
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -54.56
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -54.68
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > MACROFOSSILS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > USE/FEEDING HABITATS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: LABORATORY
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: Penguins
Theme_Keyword: Fossils
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Adaptation
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > MACQUARIE ISLAND
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: The data from this project are publicly available for download from the provided URL. A copy of the publication is only available for download by AAD Staff.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AAS_3203 when using these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JOHN VAN DEN HOFF
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3447
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: john_van@aad.gov.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The values provided in temporal and spatial coverage are approximate only. Taken from the 2009-2010 Progress Report: Field work: Bones were collected from exposed outcrops Landing Beach and Bauer Bay. The collections from Macquarie Island are complete for this project. It is intended to contact museums around the world to secure samples collected at the island between 1850 and today. These samples will be analysed for isotopes, DNA and pollutants. Laboratory activity/analysis: DNA extractions at Griffith University to be completed by the end of the year. Stable isotope and carbon dating of the bones to commence after July. Museum specimens sourced throughout the next year.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: AAS_3203
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Excel
Format_Name: pdf
Transfer_Size: 11 kb
Transfer_Size: 240 kb
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.c...
Access_Instructions:
Download point for the data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://secure3.aad.gov.au/proms/public/projects/r...
Access_Instructions:
Public information for ASAC project 3203
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.c...
Access_Instructions:
Download point for the paper - AAD staff only
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?...
Access_Instructions:
Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset
Fees: Free
Fees: Free
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20100831
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140110
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVE J. CONNELL
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dave.connell@aad.gov.au
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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