Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Hurrell, J.W.
Publication_Date: 1995
Title: Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Science
Issue_Identification: 269
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: AAAS
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/jhurrell/
Description:
Abstract:
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal or Ponta Delgada, Azores and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, Iceland since 1864. The SLP anomalies at each station were normalized by division of each seasonal pressure by the long-term (1864--1983) standard deviation. The station data were obtained from the World Monthly Surface Station Climatology: http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds570.0/ Station data includes: Extended Winter (Dec - Mar) index of the NAO based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, Iceland since 1864. Seasonal (DJF,MAM,JJA,SON) indices of the NAO are based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Ponta Delgada, Azores and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, Iceland since 1864. Annual: The annual index of the NAO is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Ponta Delgada, Azores and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, Iceland since 1864. The values in the above table differ slightly from those in Hurrell (1995) because of continual updates to the data and a change in the base period. The SLP anomalies at each station were normalized relative to the 120-year period 1864--1983. Hurrell (1995) normalized relative to 1864--1994.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: J.W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, G. Ottersen, and M. Visbeck 2003 The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climate Significance and Environmental Impact Eds. Geophysical Monograph Series 134 279
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hurrell, J. W. 1995 Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation Science 269 676-679
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hurrell, J. W. 1996 Influence of variations in extratropical wintertime teleconnections on Northern Hemisphere temperatures Geophys. Res. Lett. 23 665-668 For a list of published papers, papers in press and white papers, see: http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/jhurrell/
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18640101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -22.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -9.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > OSCILLATIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION > NAO
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Climate Index
Theme_Keyword: Climate Indices
Theme_Keyword: Climatology
Theme_Keyword: Nao
Theme_Keyword: Slp
Theme_Keyword: North Atlantic Oscillation
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > AZORES
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > ICELAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > PORTUGAL
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Annual, Seasonal
Temporal_Keyword: Annual
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JAMES W. HURRELL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jhurrell@ucar.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: UCAR/NCAR/CGD > Climate and Global Dynamics Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Contact_Person: CLIMATE AND GLOBAL DYNAMICS DIVISION
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Center for Atmospheric Research
Address: P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80307-3000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303.497.1740
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cwimert@cgd.ucar.edu
Resource_Description: NCAR_NAO
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/jhurrell/indices.html
Access_Instructions:
Monthly and Seasonal NAO data from station-based indices
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www1.secam.ex.ac.uk/nao-indices.dhtml
Access_Instructions:
The NAO Thematic Web Site
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20110406
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SCOTT A. RITZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5126
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Scott.A.Ritz@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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