East Pacific Teleconnection Pattern

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA/NWS/CPC
Publication_Date: ongoing
Title: East Pacific Teleconnection Pattern
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: NOAA/NWS/CPC Indices and Forecasts
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Camp Springs, MD
Publisher: NOAA National Weather Service, Center for Climate Prediction
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/ep.shtml
Description:
Abstract:
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The EP pattern is evident in all months except August and September, and reflects a north-south dipole of height anomalies over the eastern North Pacific. The northern center is located in the vicinity of Alaska and the west coast of Canada, while the southern center is of opposite sign and is found near, or east of, Hawaii. During strong positive phases of the EP pattern, a deeper than normal trough is located in the vicinity of the Gulf of Alaska/ western North America, and positive height anomalies are observed farther south. This phase of the pattern is associated with a pronounced northeastward extension of the Pacific jet stream toward western North America, and with enhanced westerlies over the Pacific Northwest States, northern California, and sometimes southwestern British Columbia. In contrast, strong negative phases of the EP pattern are associated with a pronounced split-flow configuration over the eastern North Pacific, and with reduced westerlies throughout the region. This circulation is accompanied by a confinement of the climatological mean Pacific trough to the western North Pacific, and possibly with a blocking flow configuration farther east. The most persistent positive phase of the EP-Jet pattern occurred from 1973-1975, and the most persistent negative phase of the pattern occurred from early 1992 through mid-1993. This latter period was dominated by warm episode conditions in the equatorial Pacific, and by two distinct periods of mature ENSO conditions. During this period, the subtropical jet stream was generally stronger than normal and displaced well east of its climatological -mean position toward the southwestern United States. These conditions contributed to an end of prolonged drought conditions in California (Bell and Basist 1994), and brought abundant precipitation to the southwestern United States, particularly during the 1992/93 winter. These conditions were also associated with generally above-normal precipitation over the central United States during the year preceding the onset of the Midwest floods of June-July 1993 (Bell and Janowiak 1995, Chagnon 1996). This enhanced precipitation then contributed to above-normal soil moisture levels throughout the Midwest during the period, and to near-saturated soil conditions just prior to the onset of the floods.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bell, G. D., and A. N. Basist, 1994: Seasonal Climate Summary: The global climate of December 1992- January 1993: Mature ENSO conditions continue in the tropical Pacific, California drought abates. J. Climate, 7, 1581-1605. Bell, G. D., and J. E. Janowiak, 1995: Atmospheric circulation associated with the Midwest floods of 1993. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 5, 681-695. Chagnon, S. A., 1996: The Great Midwest Flood of 1993, Westview Press, 321 pp.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19500101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -120.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 0.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ALTITUDE > GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > OSCILLATIONS > EAST PACIFIC PATTERN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: East Pacific Pattern
Theme_Keyword: Climate Index
Theme_Keyword: Climate Indices
Theme_Keyword: Forecast Indices
Theme_Keyword: Atmospheric Circulation
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Teleconnections
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > GULF OF ALASKA
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly, Seasonal
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly - < Annual
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ED O'LENIC
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Ed.Olenic@noaa.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/eptim.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Plotted historical EP Pattern
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NWS/NCEP/CPC > Climate Prediction Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: ED O'LENIC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Ed.Olenic@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: East Pacific Pattern
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ascii
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/ep.shtml...
Access_Instructions:
Access to EP documentation, graphs and data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030219
Metadata_Review_Date: 20091104
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SCOTT A. RITZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5126
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Scott.A.Ritz@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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