Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Zonal Wind Index

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barbara Naujokat, Christian Marquardt, Freie Universitat Berlin.
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Zonal Wind Index
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Berlin, Germany
Publisher: Freie Universitat Berlin
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produkte/qbo/
Description:
Abstract:
[Text Source: Freie Universitat Berlin, http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produkte/qbo/ ] Almost 50 years ago, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) of the winds in the equatorial stratosphere was detected due to the establishment of a global, regularly measuring radiosonde network (Graystone, 1959; Ebdon, 1960). As part of the compilation of our daily stratospheric charts we have tabulated the daily wind observations of selected stations near the equator since 1957. For the earlier years, the values were extracted from the Northern Hemisphere Data Tabulations. From these daily values the monthly mean zonal wind components were calculated for the levels 70, 50, 40, 30, 20, 15, and 10 hPa and a data set from 1953 to the present was produced by combining the observations of the three radiosonde stations Canton Island (closed 1967), Gan/Maledive Islands (closed 1975), and Singapore (data file: qbo.dat). This data set is supposed to be representative of the equatorial belt since all studies have shown that longitudinal differences in the phase of the QBO are small. It should be noted, however, that some uncertainties arose at higher levels during the early years from the scarcity of observations. More information on the original data can be found in Naujokat (1986). A second data set has been produced since 1987 from the Singapore data by using the daily vertical wind profiles to obtain a higher vertical resolution. In this set you will find the monthly mean zonal wind components at Singapore for every year from 1987 to the present at the levels 100 (since 1997), 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 45, 40, 35, 30, 25, 20, 15, 12, and 10-hPa (singapore.dat).
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Naujokat, B. 1986 An update of the observed quasi-biennial oscillation of the stratospheric winds over the tropics J. Atmos. Sci. 43 1873-1877
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Marquardt, C., and B. Naujokat 1997 An update of the equatorial QBO and its variability. 1st SPARC Gen. Assemb. WMO/TD 1 814 Melbourne Australia 87-90
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Marquardt, C. 1997 Die tropische QBO und dynamische prozesse in der stratosphdre. Ph.D. dissertation Freie Universitdt Berlin
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19530101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 73.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -172.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 1.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -3.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > UPPER LEVEL WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > QUASI-BIENNIAL OSCILLATION > QBO
Theme_Keyword: Qbo
Theme_Keyword: Quasi-biennial Oscillation
Theme_Keyword: Zonal Winds
Theme_Keyword: Wind Anomalies
Theme_Keyword: Climate Index
Theme_Keyword: Climate Indices
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > TROPICAL PACIFIC
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > TROPICS
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Biennial
Temporal_Keyword: Annual Climatology
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Please cite the dataset originator if you use this data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CHRISTIAN MARQUARDT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BARBARA NAUJOKAT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: GeoForschungs Zentrum
City: Potsdam
Country: Germany
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Institut fur Meteorolgie
Address: der Freien Universitat Berlin
Address: Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 6-10
Postal_Code: 12165
Country: GERMANY
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: marq@gfz-potsdam.de
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: naujokat@strat01.met.fu-berlin.de
Back to Top
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
Back to Top
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: FU-BERLIN/METEO > Meteorological Institute, Freie Universitat Berlin
Contact_Person: CHRISTIAN MARQUARDT
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: GeoForschungs Zentrum
City: Potsdam
Country: Germany
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: marq@gfz-potsdam.de
Resource_Description: QBO_ZONAL_WIND_INDEX
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.met.fu-berlin.de/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produk...
Access_Instructions:
Access to documentation, graphics, and QBO monthly data.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://strat-www.met.fu-berlin.de/
Access_Instructions:
Stratospheric Research Group of the Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany.
Fees: None
Back to Top
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19990730
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120924
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Back to Top
[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site