East Atlantic/West Russia Teleconnection Pattern

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA/NWS/CPC
Publication_Date: ongoing
Title: East Atlantic/West Russia Teleconnection Pattern
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: NOAA/NWS/CPC Indices and Forecasts
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Camp Springs, MD
Publisher: NOAA National Weather Service, Center for Climate Prediction
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/eawruss.shtml
Description:
Abstract:
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic/ West Russia (EATL/WRUS) pattern is one of two prominent that affects Eurasia during most of the year. This pattern is prominent in all months except June-August, and has been referred to as the Eurasia-2 pattern by Barnston and Livezey (1987). In Winter, two main anomaly centers, located over the Caspian Sea and western Europe, comprise the East Atlantic/ West Russia pattern. A three-celled pattern is then evident in the spring and fall seasons, with two main anomaly centers of opposite sign located over western/ north-western Russia and over northwestern Europe. The third center, having same sign as the Russia center, is located off the Portuguese coast in spring, but exhibits a pronounced retrogression toward Newfoundland in the fall. The most pronounced and persistent negative phases of the East Atlantic/ West Russia pattern tend to occur in winter and early spring, with particularly large negative phases noted during the winters and early springs of 1969/70, 1976/77 and 1978/79. Pronounced positive phases of the pattern are less common, with the most prominent positive phase evident during late winter/ early spring of 1992/93. During this 1992/93 winter, negative height anomalies were observed throughout western and southwestern Russia, and positive height anomalies were observed throughout Europe and the eastern North Atlantic. These conditions were accompanied by warmer and wetter than normal conditions over large portions of Scandinavia and northwestern Russia, and by much colder and drier than normal conditions over the eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Middle East. During MAM 1993, the area of negative anomalies over western Russia persisted, the positive anomaly center over northwestern Europe became consolidated, and a negative anomaly center became established over the eastern North Atlantic. These conditions brought a continuation of warmer (colder) than normal conditions to Scandinavia (eastern Mediterranean Sea sector), and drier than normal conditions to much of Europe.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Barnston, A.G., and R.E. Livezey, 1987: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low - frequency atmospheric circulation patterns. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1083-1126. Wallace J.M., and D.S. Gutzler, 1981: Teleconnections in the geopotential height field during the Northern hemisphere Winter. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 784-812.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19500101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 75.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 0.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ALTITUDE > GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > OSCILLATIONS > EAST ATLANTIC/WEST RUSSIA PATTERN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: East Atlantic/west Russia Pattern
Theme_Keyword: Climate Index
Theme_Keyword: Climate Indices
Theme_Keyword: Forecast Indices
Theme_Keyword: Atmospheric Circulation
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Teleconnections
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EURASIA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EASTERN HEMISPHERE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly, Seasonal
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ED O'LENIC
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Ed.Olenic@noaa.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/eawrusstim.gif
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Plotted historical EATL/WRUS Pattern
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NWS/NCEP/CPC > Climate Prediction Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: ED O'LENIC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Ed.Olenic@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: EATL/WRUS Pattern
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ascii
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/eawruss....
Access_Instructions:
Access to EATL/WRUS documentation, graphs and data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030219
Metadata_Review_Date: 20091104
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SCOTT A. RITZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5126
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Scott.A.Ritz@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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