Soil Changes Over Time Within a Dry Meadow, Long Term Soil Organic Matter Study, Russia

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Soil Changes Over Time Within a Dry Meadow, Long Term Soil Organic Matter Study, Russia
Description:
Abstract:
This experiment began in 1965. The present cutting meadow was formed on land that was ploughed in 1890-1900, then used only for hay harvest without any treatment. The soil at the site developed on loess-like loams, underlain by moraine. The climatic region of the sit falls within the cold temperate boreal boudaries. The studied soil has no equivalents in USDA, FAO. Under the Russian classification system these soils are called Soddy soils. All information about this soil can be found in Yakimenko E (1987) Pochvovedenie, 1987 no. 5 (English translation available). The experiment consists of straw incorporation & FYM on an arable, meadow cut for hay. The measurements made (data available), methodology, and frequency are as below: a) Vegetation measurements made and frequency Yield: Biweekly in summer, otherwise monthly. Total above-ground dry matter: biweekly in summer, otherwise monthly. Total dry matter offtake: biweekly in summer, otherwise monthly. Carbon content of offtake: biweekly in summer, otherwise monthly. Nitrogen content of offtake: biweekly in summer, otherwise monthly. b) Soil sampling Details of soil sampling method: Five-ten sections were made. Samples taken according to genetic horizons by auger (100 cu cm) from every section. In the transect, soil samples were taken for every 5 cm of depth, and every 20 cm along its length. Soil is separated into layers. Details of measuring depths and soil layers: Asod 1-5 cm; A1 10-15,20-25 cm; B1 30-40 cm; B2 50-60,70-80 cm; BC 100-110 cm. c) Soil measurements made and frequency Total carbon: Once every 3-5 years Method of measuring total carbon: Acid-dichromate digestion Biomass carbon: Once only Method of measuring biomass carbon: Burning to ashes Carbon measurements in other organic matter fractions: Once every 3-5 years. Method of measuring carbon in other organic matter fractions: Humic and fulvic acids were extracted by treatment with Na4P2O7. Carbon contentwas determined by acid-dichromate digestion of these fractions. Total nitrogen: Every 3-5 years Method of measuring total nitrogen: By treatment with H2SO4. Soil bulk density or weight: Every 3-5 years. Method of measuring soil bulk density or weight: Bulk density was determined by excavation of a core with metal glass. Soil weight (specific gravity) was determined by pycnometers. Other nutrients: pH (salt extract), soluble P. Atmospheric inputs: Chemical composition of atmospheric deposits (rain and snow) was determined in the open plots and was taken into account when soil properties were discussed. Other measurements: Content of exchangeable cations in the soil. Total amount of SiO2,Al2O3,FeO3,MnO,MgO,CaO,Na2O,K2O,P2O5 and Fe and Mn content in the acid extract (1H H2SO4) in the soil, grain-size compound, amount of Fe-Mn neoformations and their compound bulk density and soil weight; water permeability; pH (water extract). d) Details of the meteorological station Nearest meteorological station to the site: Nebolsin (most meteorological data comes from the Moscow University Meteorological Station) e) Meteorological data available and frequency Rainfall: Monthly in the growing season. Also total snowfall in summer. Air temperature: Monthly in the growing season This information was compiled for the GCTE-SOMNET Database, Pete Smith, Pete Falloon, David Powlson, and Jo Smith. Soil Science Department, IACR-Rothamsted, UK.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Dry meadow as a biogeoceonos. Nauka, Moscow, 1978.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Skvoztsova, E & Yakimenko, E. (1991) Impact of forest and meadow vegetation on the microstructure. Pochvovedenie (Soviet Journal of Soil Science), 1991, N11.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Soil formation in the forest Ecosystems. Nauka, 1989.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Yakimeno, E. (1987) Pedogenesis under dry meadows. Pochvovedenie (Soviet Journal of Soil Science), 1987, N5.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19650101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.16
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.17
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 55.42
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 55.41
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS > FERTILIZERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROP/PLANT YIELDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CALCIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON > BIOMASS CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON > TOTAL CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CATION EXCHANGE CAPACITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MAGNESIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL SALINITY/SOIL SODICITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY > ALUMINUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY > SILICON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > LIQUID PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CALCIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CARBON > BIOMASS CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CARBON > TOTAL CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CATION EXCHANGE CAPACITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MAGNESIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL SALINITY/SOIL SODICITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY > ALUMINUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY > SILICON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: GCTE > GLOBAL CHANGE AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, IGBP
Theme_Keyword: Boreal
Theme_Keyword: Farm Yard Manure
Theme_Keyword: Fym
Theme_Keyword: Gcte
Theme_Keyword: Global Change And Terestrial Ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: Hay
Theme_Keyword: Igbp
Theme_Keyword: International Geosphere Biosphere Program
Theme_Keyword: Soil Organic Matter Network
Theme_Keyword: FARMING
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ECONOMY
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Varies By Specific Measurement
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ELENA YAKIMENKO
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Scientific Centre for Geoecology,
Address: Russian Academy of Sciences,
Address: Ulansky Line 13, bd 2,
City: MOSCOW
Postal_Code: 101000
Country: RUSSIA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (095) 923 18 86
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (095) 923 31 11
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (095) 923 1886
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: egc@geoenv.msk.su
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
a) Details of the plots Width of smallest plot is 50 m Length of smallest plot is 100 m Slope: 3-4% . Shape: Uniform Width of Discard Strip around plot: 10-20 m b) Details of replication, randomization and controls There are at least 5 replicates in the experiment. The experiment has a randomized plot design. The experiment has a restricted randomized plot design. Soil was sampled from sections (in this investigation) which were distributed in chess order. Earlier replicates distributed by random plot design. The control plot is a forest (pine) ecosystem of the same age as the dry meadow . Standard statistical tests were used: Mean values, error of mean values, dispersion, coefficient of variation
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: Not Available
Altitude_Resolution: 5 cm
Altitude_Distance_Units: Not Available
Altitude_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Not Available
Depth_Resolution: 5 cm
Depth_Distance_Units: Not Available
Depth_Encoding_Method: Implicit coordinate
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: RU/RAS/SCG > Scientific Centre for Geoecology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Contact_Person: ELENA YAKIMENKO
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Scientific Centre for Geoecology,
Address: Russian Academy of Sciences,
Address: Ulansky Line 13, bd 2,
City: MOSCOW
Postal_Code: 101000
Country: RUSSIA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (095) 923 18 86
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (095) 923 31 11
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (095) 923 1886
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: egc@geoenv.msk.su
Resource_Description: RAS.SCG.DryMeadow
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ras.ru/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20000217
Metadata_Review_Date: 20080131
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20010217
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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