Hign Altitude Winds and September Sea Ice Area 1980-2010

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Jennifer Francis
Publication_Date: 20120404
Title: Hign Altitude Winds and September Sea Ice Area 1980-2010
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: NSIDC
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/04/arctic-sea-ice-enters-the-spring-melt-season/
Description:
Abstract:
Rapid Arctic warming and mid-latitude weather The Arctic has warmed about twice as fast as the rest of the Northern Hemisphere in recent decades. Summer Arctic sea ice has declined by 40%, and snow is melting earlier in spring on the surrounding land. This dramatic change in the climate system is expected to affect weather patterns well beyond the confines of the Arctic—but researchers are working to understand exactly how those changes are affecting other regions. New research by Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University and Steve Vavrus of the University of Wisconsin suggests that warming in the Arctic is causing weather patterns in mid-latitudes to become more persistent. This persistence can lead to conditions like heat waves, cold spells, drought, flooding, and heavy snows. The researchers found that as temperatures in the Arctic warm and become closer to temperatures in lower latitudes, the waves of the jet stream tend to spread out, and west-to-east winds slow down in the upper level of the atmosphere (where storm tracks form). Both of these effects tend to slow the progression of weather patterns, which means that a weather pattern, whether hot or cold, is more likely to stick around. Credit: NSIDC, Jennifer Francis (Rutgers University)
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Francis, J.A. and S.J. Vavrus 2012 Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes. 39 L06801 Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1029/2012GL051000
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Francis, J.A. 2012 Linking weird weather to rapid warming of the Arctic. 360 Yale Environment http://e360.yale.edu/feature/linking_weird_weather_to_rapid_warming_of_the_arctic/2501/
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kwok, R., T. Pederson, P. Gudmandsen, S. Pang 2010 Large sea ice outflow in the Nares Strait in 2007 37 L03502 Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1029/2009GL041872
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Sodhi, D. S. 1977 Ice arching and the drift of pack ice through restricted channels Rep. 77‐18 Hanover, N. H. Cold Reg. Res. and Eng. Lab.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19800101
Ending_Date: 20101231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 55.0
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -165.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -40.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > UPPER LEVEL WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE EXTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE GROWTH/MELT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE EXTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE GROWTH/MELT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > CRYOSPHERIC INDICATORS > SEA ICE CONCENTRATION
Theme_Keyword: Climate Diagnostics
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://mapserver.gsfc.nasa.gov/gcmd-open/mmorahan/NSIDCHighAltitude20120522.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: PNG
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: JENNIFER A. FRANCIS
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences
Address: Rutgers University
City: New Brunswick
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 732 688 2382
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: francis@imcs.rutgers.edu
Resource_Description: NSIDC_HignAltitudeWindsSeptemberSeaIceArea1980-2010
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?GLA13
Access_Instructions:
GLAS/ICESat L2 Sea Ice Altimetry Data
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120522
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130122
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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