BEST ENSO INdex

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA/ESRL/PSD
Publication_Date: ongoing
Title: BEST ENSO INdex
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: NOAA Indices and Forecasts
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, CO
Publisher: NOAA/ESRL/PSD
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/best/
Description:
Abstract:
[Text Source: Prashant Sardeshmukh and Catherine Smith, "Bivariate EnSo Timeseries or the "BEST" ENSO Index", http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/best/ ] [Note change in SST dataset. We are now using the Hadley SST as the GISST is no longer available and the Hadley is considered a better dataset.] The BEST index was designed to be simple to calculate and to provide a long time period ENSO index for research purposes. Nino 3.4 has traditionally been used as a measure of ENSO strength in the tropical Pacific. However, it's use alone neglects explicit atmospheric processes. By adding the SOI or Southern Oscillation Index (the pressure difference between Tahiti and Darwin), these processes are more directly included. In addition, older SST values are at least partially reconstructed and not explicitly measured. By including the SOI, which is better measured historically, the effect of biases in the SST data introduced by the reconstruction technique are reduced. A more detailed explanation how the index was created is available. Based on 1871-2001 SST and SOI indices A more detailed explanation how the index was created is availablev here: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/best/
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Smith, C.A. and P. Sardeshmukh 2000 The Effect of ENSO on the Intraseasonal Variance of Surface Temperature in Winter International J. of Climatology 20 1543-1557
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18710101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -45.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) > BEST ENSO INDEX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > BIVARIATE ENSO TIMESERIES INDEX > BEST ENSO INDEX
Theme_Keyword: Best
Theme_Keyword: Bivariate Enso Time Series
Theme_Keyword: Climate Index
Theme_Keyword: Climate Indices
Theme_Keyword: Sst
Theme_Keyword: Enso
Theme_Keyword: Soi
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly
Temporal_Keyword: Monthly - < Annual
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ESRL/PSD DATA INQUIRIES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: esrl.psd.data@noaa.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/OAR/ESRL/PSD > Physical Sciences Division, Earth System Research Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: ESRL/PSD DATA INQUIRIES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: esrl.psd.data@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: BEST Index
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ascii
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/correlation/cens...
Access_Instructions:
Access to monthly BEST index data since 1948
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/correlation/cens...
Access_Instructions:
Access to monthly BEST index data since 1871
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/be...
Access_Instructions:
Access to data, plots, and documentation
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20051213
Metadata_Review_Date: 20110404
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SCOTT A. RITZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5126
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Scott.A.Ritz@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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