RICE – Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project - Deep ice Core

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: RICE – Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project - Deep ice Core
Description:
Abstract:
Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution – RICE Project The potential for rapid deglaciation of West Antarctica remains a primary uncertainty in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predictions for 21st Century sea level rise. The recent and unpredicted collapse of multiple ice shelves and rapid acceleration of discharge of Antarctic ice suggests that dynamical responses to warming play a more significant role than is currently understood and captured in coupled climate-ice sheet models. Such models can be improved and validated by replicating known past changes. The RICE Project is an international partnership seeking to understand past, present, and future changes of the Ross Ice Shelf, a major drainage pathway of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. The ANDRILL programme showed, that about 5 to 3 million years ago, the last time when atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration and temperatures were similar to those predicted for the end of the 21st Century, the Ross Ice Shelf disintegrated multiple times, initiating the collapse of West Antarctica. However, no high resolution data exist from this time period. To determine the rate of change, RICE aims to provide an annually resolved ice core record for the past 20,000 years and beyond, when global temperatures increased by 6 deg C to preindustrial temperatures, global sea level rose by ~120 m, and the Ross Ice Shelf grounding line retreated over 1,000 km. Most of the Ross Ice Shelf retreat occurred when global sea level had already reached modern levels. For this reason, the precise correlation between increasing air and ocean temperatures, and the velocity and characteristics of the ice shelf retreat, provides a unique opportunity to determine accurately the sensitivity of the Ross Ice Shelf to warming. In 2011/2012 the deep ice core was drilled using the newly built New Zealand intermediate ice core drilling system. The drilling system is based on the Danish Hans Tausen drill and features a range of technological improvements and new design aspects. Parts of the drilling system were tested twice in Greenland as part of the Danish led NEEM project and fully commissioned for the first time at Roosevelt Island. The drill performed exceptionally well, the average run length averaged between 1.2 and 1.7m and yielded high quality core. Some preliminary core logging included electric conductivity measurements, visual logging, and density measurements. The firn – ice transition was reached at 53m depth below surface, which promises a high resolution gas record. The drill hole was reamed to 65m depth, and the achieved drill depth was 130m below surface. The firn – ice transition at 53m depth was shallower than expected and promises for an exceptionally high resolution gas record. The core will be processed by the international science community in August 2012 in the NZ Ice Core Research Facility at GNS Science in Lower Hutt, Wellington,NZ.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100111
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 161.70059
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 161.70059
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.36286
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.36286
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > ICE CORE RECORDS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: RICE-PROJECT > ROOSEVELT ISLAND CLIMATE EVOLUTION PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: Drilling Rig
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROOSEVELT ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ICE SHELF
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NANCY BERTLER
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctic Research Center
Address: Victoria University of Wellington
Address: PO BOX 600
City: Wellington
Postal_Code: 6140
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 4 463 6196
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 4 463 5186
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Nancy.Bertler@vuw.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
If you require any further information please contact the investigator at Victoria University, Wellington. All samples are kept at the NZ Ice Core Research Facility at GNS Science in Lower Hutt, Wellington.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: CAROLINE MACLAURIN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch 8140
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (03) 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (03) 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.maclaurin@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K049_2010_2012_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.victoria.ac.nz/antarctic/research/resea...
Access_Instructions:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120611
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120619
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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