Measurement of time and space structure of atmospheric planetary waves in the polar mesosphere from Scott Base, South Pole Station and collaboration with other countries

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Measurement of time and space structure of atmospheric planetary waves in the polar mesosphere from Scott Base, South Pole Station and collaboration with other countries
Description:
Abstract:
The regular heating and cooling of the atmosphere drives energetic weather systems near the earth's surface. Some of this energy is propagated upwards into the middle atmosphere in a variety of wave modes, including the regular 12 hour and 24 hour tidal motion. Unlike ocean tides, which are driven by the gravitational forces of the sun and moon, the atmospheric tides are driven by the sun's daily heating of the atmosphere. At this latitude, the lack of solar energy during the winter considerably weakens these tides and the 12 hour component loses its distinctive periodicity. A study of the time and space structure of large scale waves in the polar mesosphere and the nature of these tidal variations, is investigated in a joint collaboration with international co-operative research projects (Russia, USA, Australia, Japan, Canada and UK). Such international co-operation is essential because these tidal and wave structures have a very large scale, much bigger than the Antarctic continent itself, and information is required from research stations spread throughout Antarctica. The waves of interest have periods of 10 hours to 3 days, which includes both inertia-gravity and Rossby wave modes. The spatial scale of the waves is determined from observations at the South Pole and Scott Base (78S). The South Pole observations were made with a Gabry-Perot interferometer - with one being installed at Arrival Heights in January 2002. The instrument measures the temperature and line of sight, wind speeds from atmospheric emissions from an altitude of about 85 - 90 kms during the polar night. The instrument scans around the pole at an elevation of about 30° and therefore provides an estimate of the wave’s zonal wave number. The Scott Base observations were recorded simultaneously with a medium-frequency, partial reflection wind radar that measures the vertical profile of the horizontal wind over Scott Base and therefore provides an estimates of the vertical wave number of the mode. The coherence between the South Pole and Scott Base is a measure of the meridional wave number and extent of the wave. The Scott Base radar cannot measure atmospheric temperature and the South Pole equipment cannot measure altitude so the two experiments are complementary.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hernandez, G. Smith, R.W. Fraser, G.J. Jones, W.L. Large-scale waves in the upper-mesosphere at Antarctic high-latitudes. Geophysical research letters 19(13): 1347-1350, 1992. Fraser, G.J. Hernandez, G. Smith, R.W. Eastward-moving 2-4 day waves in the winter Antarctic mesosphere. Geophysical research letters 20(15): 1547-1550, 1993.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hernandez, G. Fraser, G.J. Smith, R.W. Mesospheric 12-hour oscillation near South Pole, Antarctica. Geophysical research letters 20(17): 1787-1790, 1993.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Portnyagin, Yu.I. Forbes, J.M. Fraser, G.J. Vincent, R.A. Lysenko, I.A. Makarov, N.A. Dynamics of the Antarctic and Arctic mesosphere/lower thermosphere regions. Advances in space research 12(10): (10)89-(10)96, 1992. Portnyagin, Yu.I. Forbes, J.M. Fraser, G.J. Vincent, R.A. Avery, S.K. Lysenko, I.A. Makarov, N.A. Dynamics of the Antarctic and Arctic mesosphere and lower thermosphere regions - I. The prevailing wind. Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 55: 827-841, 1993. Portnyagin, Yu.I. Forbes, J.M. Fraser, G.J. Vincent, R.A. Avery, S.K. Lysenko, I.A. Makarov, N.A. Dynamics of the Antarctic and Arctic mesosphere and lower thermosphere regions - II. The semidiurnal tide. Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 55: 843-855, 1993.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fraser, G.J. Portnyagin, Yu.I. Forbes, J.M. Vincent, R.A. Lysenko, I.A. Makarov, N.A. Diurnal tide in the Antarctic and Arctic mesosphere/lower thermosphere regions. Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 57(4): 383-393, 1995.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hernandez, G. Smith, R.W. Fraser, G.J. Antarctic high-latitude mesospheric dynamics. Advances in space research 16(5): 71-80, 1995. Hernandez, G. Smith, R.W. Kelly, J.M. Fraser, G.J. Clark, K.C. Mesospheric standing waves near South Pole. Geophysical research letters 24(16): 1987-1990, 1998. Lawrence, B. Fraser, G. Phillips, A. Vincent, R. The four-day wave in the Antarctic mesosphere. Journal of geophysical research 100D: 18899-18909, 1995.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Mandon, A.H., Meek, C.E., Schminder, R., Kurschner, D., Clark, R.R., Muller, J.G., Vincent, R.A., Phillips, A., Franser, G.J., Singer, W. and Kazimirovsky, E.S. 1990a. Tidal winds from the MLT global radar network during the first LTCS campaign –September 1987. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 52: 175-183.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Manson, A.H. Meek, C.E. Vincent, R.A. Craig, R.L. Phillips, A. Fraser, G.J. Smith, M.J. Fellous, M. Massebeuf, E.L. Fleming, E.L. et al. Comparison between reference atmosphere winds and radar winds from selected locations. Advances in space research 10(12): 233-243, 1990b.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Manson, A.H., Meek, C.E., Massebeuf, M., Fellous, J.L., Elford, W.G., Vincent, R.A., Craig, R.L., Phillips, A., Roger, R.G., Fraser, G.J., Smith, M.J., Avery, S., Balsley, B.B., Clark, R.R., Kato, S., Tsuda, T., Schminder, R. and Kuerschner, D. 1990c. Description and presentation of reference atmosphere radar winds (80-110km). Adv. Space Res. 10: 267-283.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Manson, A.H., Meek, C.E., Avery, S.K., Fraser, G.J., Vincent, R.A., Phillips, A., Clark, R.R., Schminder, R., Kurschner, D. and Kazimirovsky, E.S. 1991a. Tidal winds from the mesosphere, lower thermosphere global radar network during the second LTCS campaign: December 1988. J. Geophys. Res. 96: 1117-1127.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Manson, A.J., Meek, C.E., Fleming, E., Chandra, S., Vincent, R.A., Phillips, A., Avery, S.K., Graser, G.J., Smith, M.J., Fellous, J.L. and Massebeuf, M. 1991. Comparisons between satellite derived gradient winds and radar derived winds from the CIRA-86. J. Atmos. Sci. 48: 411-428.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Stening, R. Fleming, K. Fraser, G. Upper atmosphere semidiurnal tides at Christchurch (44S) and Scott Base (78S). Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 57: 857-869, 1995. Harvey, M.J. Fraser, G.J. Dynamical influences on the Antarctic ozone hole. Weather 51(8): 266-273, 1996.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hedin, A.E., Fleming, E.L., Manson, A.H., Schmidlin, F.J., Avery, S.K., Clark, R.R., Franke, S.J., Fraser, G.J., Tsuda, T., Vial, F. And Vincent, R.A. 1996. Empirical wind model for the upper, middle and lower atmosphere. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics 58: 1421-1447.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lieberman, R.S., Robinson, W.A., Franke, S.J., Vincent, R.A., Isler, J.R., Fitts, D.C., Manson, A.H., Meek, C.E., Graser, G.J., Fahrutdinova, A., Hocking, W., Thayaparan, R., McDougall, J., Igarashi, K., Nakamura, T. And Tsuda, T. 1997. HRDI observations of mean meridional winds at solstice. Journal of Atmospheric Science 55: 1887-1896.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lieberman, R.S., Smith, A.K., Franke, S.J., Vincent, R.A., Isler, J.R., Manson, A.H., Meek, C.E., Graser, G.J., Fahrutdinova, A.H., Thayaparan, T., Hocking, W., MacDougall, J., Nakamura, T. And Tsuda, T. 2000. Comparison of mesospheric and lower thermospheric residual wind with High Resolution Doppler Imager, medium frequency, and meteor radar winds. Jounral of Geophysical Research 105D: 27023-27035.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: McDonald, A.J. Baumgaertner, A.J.G. Fraser, G.J. George, S.E. Marsh, S. Empirical Mode Decomposition of the atmospheric wave field. Annales geophysicae 25: 375-384, 2007.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Murphy, D.J. Forbes, J.M. Walterscheid, R.L. Hagan, M.E. Avery, S.K. Aso, T. Fraser, G.J. Fritts, D.C. Jarvis, M.J. McDonald, A.J. et al. The climatology of tides in the Antarctic mesosphere and lower thermosphere. Journal of geophysical research 111: D23104doi: 10.1029/2005JD006803, 2006.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Pancheva, D. Merzlyakov, E. Mitchell, N.J. Portnyagin, Y. Manson, A.H. Jacobi, C. Meek, C.E. Luo, Y. Clark, R.R. Hocking, W.K. et al. Global-scale tidal variability during the PSMOS campaign of June-August 1999: interaction with planetary waves. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics 64(17): 1865-1896, 2002.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Pancheva, D. Mitchell, N.J. Hagan, M.E. Manson, A.H. Meek, C.E. Luo, Y. Jacobi, C.H. Kurshner, C. Clark, R.R. Hocking, W.K. et al. Global-scale tidal structure in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during the PSMOS campaign of June-August 1999 and comparisons with the global-scale wave model. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics 64(17): 1011-1035, 2002.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Baumgaertner, A.J.G. McDonald, A.J. Fraser, G.J. Plank, G.E. Long-term observations of mean winds and tides in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere above Scott Base, Antarctica. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics 67: 1480-1496, 2005.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Baumgaertner, A.J.G. Jarvis, M.J. McDonald, A.J. Fraser, G.J. Observations of wavenumber 1 and 2 components of the semi-diurnal tide over Antarctica. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics 68: 1195-1214, 2006.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Baumgaertner, A.J.G. McDonald, A.J. A gravity wave climatology for Antarctica compiled from Challenging Minisatellite Payload/Global Positioning System (CHAMP/GPS) radio occultations. Journal of geophysical research 112: D05103doi:10.1029/2006JD007504, 2007.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Huck, P.E. McDonald, A.J. Bodeker, G.E. Struthers, H. Interannual variability in ozone depletion controlled by planetary waves and polar temperature. Geophysical research letters 32(13): 10.1029/2005GL022943, 2005.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Huck, P.E. Tilmes, S. Bodeker, G.E. Randel, W.J. McDonald, A.J. Nakajima, H. An improved measure of ozone depletion in the Antarctic stratosphere. Journal of geophysical research 112(D11): D11104doi:10.1029/2006JD007860, 2007.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fraser, G., Marsh, S., Baggaley, W., Bennett, R., Lawrence,, B., McDonald, A. And Plank, G. 2006. Small scale structures in common-volume meteor wind measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics 68: 317-322.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: McDonald, A.J., Baumgaertner, A.J.G. Et al., 2007. Empirical mode decomposition of the atmospheric wave field. Annales Geophys. 25: 375-384.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Murphy, D.J., Aso, T., Fritts, D.C., Hibbins, R.E., McDonald, A.J., Riggin, D.M., Tsutsumi, M., Vincent, R.A., George, S.E. Source regions for Antarctic MLT non-migrating semidiurnal tides. Geophysical research letters 36: L09805 2009. doi:10.1029/2008GL037064
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19821101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.75
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.75
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > UPPER LEVEL WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > VERTICAL WIND MOTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > WIND PROFILES
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: COSPAR > COMMITTEE ON SPACE RESEARCH
Theme_Keyword: ICESTAR > INTERHEMISPHERIC CONJUGACY EFFECTS IN SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL AND AERONOMY RESEARCH
Theme_Keyword: CAWSES > CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE SUN-EARTH SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: Atmospheric Tides
Theme_Keyword: Mesosphere
Theme_Keyword: Atmospheric Waves
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SCOTT BASE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GRAHAME FRASER
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ANDREAS VON BIEL
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ADRIAN MCDONALD
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Physics and Astronomy
Address: University of Canterbury,
Address: Private Bag 4800
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Physics and Astronomy
Address: University of Canterbury
Address: Private Bag 4800
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 364 2987
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 364 2281
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 364 2469
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: g.fraser@phys.canterbury.ac.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: andreas.vonbiel@canterbury.ac.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: a.mcdonald@phys.canterbury.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
This data set goes back to the 1980s and was primarily the work of Dr Graeme Fraser and Dr Andreas von Biel. The recording equipment over the years has been serviced and upgraded periodically. Gaps may exist in some of the data set. Polarimeter data was collected in a format which required an algorithm to transform the results into usable data. A copy of the results of this data from 1983-2003 is held by the University of Canterbury Department of Physics and Astronomy. A further copy is held by the primary investigator Dr Andreas von Biel and Antarctica New Zealand. Please contact any of the personnel for access to this set of data. All MF radar data is held by the University of Canterbury Department of Physics and Astronomy. Please contact Dr Adrian McDonald for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K055_1982_2008_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090130
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090921
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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