Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica
Description:
Abstract:
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more than half of the ozone over Antarctica occurs in the springtime (= ozone hole). A Dobson spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights in January 1988. The first full season of measurements began in mid-September the following spring. At installation, this was the fifth Dobson to be operating in Antarctica (South Pole, Halley Bay, Argentine Islands, Syowa). Measurements include the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from mid-September until the end of February, and during the full moon periods from March to September (raw data = the times and instrument settings for instrument readings, derived data = column amounts of ozone). Measurements of the vertical distribution of ozone are also possible for six weeks each spring and autumn. Even though satellite measurements of ozone are now made routinely, their calibration and intercomparison between satellites depend on accurate ground based measurements from the Dobson network. The instrument is shipped out for maintenance and intercomparison with regional standard Dobson in Melbourne approximately every 5 years. It is still in manual mode but had an electronic encoder and computer added in 2006 for recording measurements, which replaced recording by wax paper charts. The data is submitted to the World Ozone and UV Data Centre, to the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) database and to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) for use in its Antarctic ozone bulletins.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ajtic, J., Connor, B.J., Lawrence, B.N., Bodeker, G.E., Hoppel, K.W., Rosenfield, J.E., Heuff, D.N. 2004. Dilution of the Antarctic ozone hole into southern midlatitudes, 1998-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (D17).
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bodeker, G.E., Struthers, H., Connor, C.J. 2002. Dynamical containment of Antartic ozone depletion. Geophysical Research Letters 29 (10): 1029
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bodeker, G. UV radiation in polar regions. in: Ecosystem processes in Antarctic ice-free landscapes: proceedings of an International Workshop on Polar Desert Ecosystems, Christchurch, NZ, 1-4 July 1996.Lyons W.B. Howard-Williams C. Hawes I. (eds) The Netherlands: Balkema Press. 1997. pp.23-42.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bodeker, G.E. Connor, B.J. Liley, J.B. Matthews, W.A. The global mass of ozone: 1978-1998. Geophysical research letters 28(14): 2819-2822, 2001.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Brinksma, E.J. Meijer, Y.J. Connor, B.J. Manney, G.L. Bergwerff, J.B. Bodeker, G.E. Boyd, I.S. Liley, J.B. Hogervorst, W. Hovenier, J.W. et al. Analysis of record-low ozone values during the 1997 winter over Lauder, New Zealand. Geophysical research letters 25(15): 2785-2788, 1998.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Clarkson, T. Wood, S. The state of the Ross Sea region atmosphere: Atmosphere. in: Ross Sea Region 2001: A state of the environment report for the Ross Sea region of Antarctica.Waterhouse E.(ed) Christchurch: New Zealand Antarctic Institute. 2001. pp.6.2-6.13.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Keys, G. Wood, S. Ozone in Antarctica. Water and atmosphere 3(1): 19-21, 1995.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kröger, K. Hervig, M. Nardi, B. Oolman, L. Deshler, T. Wood, S.W. Nichol, S. Stratospheric ozone reaches new minima above McMurdo Station, Antarctica, between 1998 and 2001. Journal of geophysical research 108(D17, 4555), 2003.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Matthews, W.A. The 1996 and 1997 ozone holes - what for the future? in: Proceedings of the 3rd ADEOS Symposium. The 13th ILAS Science Team Meeting, Japan. Sendai, Japan: . 1998. pp.105-114
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Pfister, G. Bodeker, G.E. McKenzie, R.L. Wood, S.W. Bernhard, G. Moderation of cloud reduction of UV in the Antarctic due to high surface albedo. Journal of applied meteorology 42(8): 1174-1183, 2003.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roscoe, H.K. Kreher, K. Friess, U. Ozone loss episodes in the free Antarctic troposphere, suggesting a possible climate feedback. Geophysical research letters 28(15): 2911-2914, 2001.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wood, S.W. Is ozone depletion really a scam? Antarctic 14: 63-64, 1996.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wood, S.W. Lowe, D.L. Connor, B.J. Kreher, K. Nichol, S.E. Bodeker, G.E. The Antarctic atmosphere: barometer on a changing world. Water and atmosphere 11(3): 20-23, 2003.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wood, S.W. 1999. Paragraphs on ozone depletion and UV. 1998 New Zealand Yearbook, Department of Statistics, Wellington, New Zealand.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Keys, J.G. Johnston, P.V. Matthews, W.A. The Antarctic ‘ozone hole’ phenomenon: some aspects of New Zealand research. New Zealand Antarctic record 7(2): 1-4, 1986.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Keys, J.G. Atmospheric ozone. Alpha 66: 4, 1989.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Keys, J.G. The Antarctic ozone hole. in: UV radiation and its effects: an update: report of a workshop sponsored by the National Science Strategy Committee for Climate Change, December 1997. Wellington: Royal Society of New Zealand. 1997. pp.6-8 [Royal Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series: 49] ISBN 0908654820
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Keys, J.G. Wood, S.W. Johnston, P.V. Bodeker, G.E. Intercomparison of total ozone data from a Dobson spectrophotometer, TOMS, visible wavelength spectrometer, and ozonesondes. Geophysical research letters 23(10): 1087-1090, 1996.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Valenti, C. Total ozone measurements from Scott Base, Antarctica, with a Dobson and a Brewer spectrophotometer. in: 4th workshop, Italian Research on Antarctic Atmosphere: Porano, 21-23 October 1991.Colacino M. Giovanelli G. Stefanutti L. (eds) Bologna: Italian Physical Society. 1992. pp.469-475 ISBN 8877940484
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Valenti, C. Intercomparison of total ozone measured at low sun angles by the Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometers at Scott Base, Antarctica. Geophysical research letters 20(19): 2051-2054, 1993.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Clarkson, T.S. The 1989 ozone hole. Weather and climate 11: 80-82, 1991.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Nichol, S.E. Coulmann, S. Clarkson, T.S. Relationship of springtime ozone depletion at Arrival Heights, Antarctica, to the 70 hPa temperatures. Geophysical research letters 18(10): 1865-1868, 1991.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ajtic, J. Dilution of the Antarctic ozone hole into southern midlatitudes. Ph.D., University of Canterbury : . 2003. Ajtic, J. Connor, B.J. Randall, C.E. Lawrence, B.N. Bodeker, G.E. Rosenfield, J.E. Heuff, D.N. Antarctic air over New Zealand following vortex breakdown in 1998. Annales geophysicae 21: 2175-2183, 2003. Ajtic, J. Connor, B.J. Lawrence, B.N. Bodeker, G.E. Hoppel, K.W. Rosenfield, J.E. Heuff, D.N. Dilution of the Antarctic Ozone Hole into Southern Midlatitudes, 1998-2000. Journal of geophysical research 109(D17), 2004.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cunnold, D.M. Froidevaux, L. Russell, J.M. Connor, B.J. Roche, A. Overview of UARS ozone validation based primarily on intercomparisons among UARS and Stratospheric Aerosol Gas Experiment II measurements. Journal of geophysical research 101(D6): 10,335-10,350, 1996.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19890916
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.66
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.66
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.83
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.83
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN COMPOUNDS > OZONE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: DOBSON SPECTROPHOTOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: NDACC > THE INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR THE DETECTION OF ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION CHANGE
Theme_Keyword: Dobson Spectrophotometer
Theme_Keyword: Ozone
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ARRIVAL HEIGHTS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: STEPHEN W WOOD
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SYLVIA NICHOL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA)
Address: Lauder
Address: Private Bag 50061
City: Omakau
State_or_Province: Central Otago
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA)
Address: PO Box 14-901
Address: Kilbirnie
City: Wellington
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 440 0426
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 4 386 0396
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 447 3348
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 4 386 2153
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.wood@niwa.co.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.nichol@niwa.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The data is submitted to the World Ozone and UV Data Centre, to the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) database and to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) for use in its Antarctic ozone bulletins. It is up to date and freely available via these websites. The data is also stored by the collecting agency, NIWA in New Zealand. For access to this information please contact the investigators.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K085_1988_2008_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ndacc.orgftp://ftp.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/nd...
Access_Instructions:
The data is submitted to the international Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). This public record is available through an anonymous ftp or by a clickable map linking sites with data directories.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.woudc.org/
Access_Instructions:
The data is submitted to the World Ozone and Ultraviolet Data Center (Toronto, Canada)
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.niwa.co.nz/rc/prog/antatmos
Access_Instructions:
NIWA's atmospheric homepage
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html
Access_Instructions:
The World Meterological Organisation homepage
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090203
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090209
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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