Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds
Description:
Abstract:
The breeding colony at Cape Royds was kept under daily observations during an entire breeding season before birds started arriving (only 17 present when observations started) until all birds had departed for sea. Two main studies were conducted; population counts and the breeding cycle. Total population counts were made of the entire rookery at least every two days (daily during the occupation period and at the end of the season). The rookery was divisible into 15 colonies and 8 of these were further treated in greater detail. The data collected includes: the total number of adults, the number of nests occupied, the number of nests with both mates present, the number of nests with eggs or chicks and the number of chicks present. Accurate chick counts were not possible until the beginning of the creche stage. The data may be useful for estimating the size of other rookeries from short term visits. Daily observations were carried out on 50 individually marked pairs of penguins and supplemented by observation on an additional 75 marked nests. Eggs and chicks were individually marked. The information recorded includes dates of arrival, occupation of nests, pair formation, laying dates and clutch size, incubation period, parental routine, growth of young, losses of eggs and chicks, creche formation and departure of chicks for sea. The nests observed included those of both early and late laying birds as well as nests inside colonies and those on the edges or in isolated positions, and information has been collected on the comparative breeding success of these different groups. In the majority of cases the causes of egg losses or chick mortality could be determined. Many incidental observations on the biology of Adelie penguins were recorded. A large scale map was prepared showing the distribution of the colonies within the adelie rookery and this was supplemented by still photography.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. Some adaptations to cold in penguins. Antarctic 2(11): 458-459, 1961.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. Roberts, H.S. Growth of Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae hombron and jacquinot) chicks. New Zealand journal of science 5(2): 191-197, 1962. Taylor, R.H. Speed of Adélie penguins on ice and snow. Notornis 10(3): 111-113, 1962.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. The Adélie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae at Cape Royds. Ibis 104: 176-204, 1962. Taylor, R.H. Adélie penguin rookeries in the Ross Dependency. Antarctic 3(12): 566-570, 1964.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. 1960. Observations at an Adelie Penguin Colony. Przeglad Zoologiczny 4 (4): 303-306. [in Polish with English summary].
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19591024
Ending_Date: 19600226
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19601030
Ending_Date: 19610311
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.15
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.15
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.55
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.55
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > SPECIES LIFE HISTORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > POPULATION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: Adeliae Penguin
Theme_Keyword: Demography
Theme_Keyword: Nesting Success
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ROYDS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KERRY BARTON
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Landcare Research Ltd
Address: Private Bag 6
City: Nelson
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 545 7702
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 545 7701
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: BartonK@landcareresearch.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The original investigator is retired and retains field notebooks. The technical contact carries on the projects that he initiated and is worth contacting for more information. The data is contained in the published papers.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K122_1959_1960_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090122
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090126
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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