Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region
Description:
Abstract:
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from a C-130 Hercules. Photos were printed, populations counted, catalogued and filed. Since 2004, digital photography was used and in 2011 semi-automatic penguin counting software was developed to speed up the counting and validation process. Ross Island colonies were censused annually, colonies along the Victoria Land coast were censused as logistics allowed. Data collection started in 1981 in response to a proposed krill fishery and is ongoing. The aim was to locate all Adelie penguin colonies in the Ross Sea Region, and to count the numbers breeding at each from aerial photographs. The work attempts to relate annual changes in numbers of penguins breeding and their breeding success to weather, sea ice and other climate parameters in order to distinguish between responses due to natural events and those induced by commercial exploitation (such as fishing) or human disasters. A total of 39 colonies were found in the Ross Sea. The work is ongoing.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ainley, D., Russell, J., Jenouvrier, S., Woehler, E., Lyver, Philip O’B., Fraser, W.R. and Kooyman, G.L. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth’s troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels. Ecological Monographs 80(1): 49-66.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, P.R. Ainley, D.G. Nur, N. Jacobs, S.S. Barton, K.J. Ballard, G. Comisco, J.C. (2001). Adélie penguin population change in the Pacific sector of Antarctica: relation to sea-ice extent and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Marine Ecology Progress Series 213: 301-30.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blackburn, N., Taylor, R.H. and Wilson, P.R. (1991). An interpretation of the growth of the Adelie penguin rookery at Cape Royds, 1955-1990. NZ Journal of Ecology 15: 117-121.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. and Wilson, P.R. (1991). Recent increase and southern expansion of Adelie penguin populations in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, related to climatic warming. NZ Journal of Ecology 13: 25-29.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H., Wilson, P.R. and Thomas, B.W. (1990). Status and trends of Adelie penguin populations in the Ross Sea region. Polar Record 26: 293-304.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, G.J., Taylor, R.H. And Barton, K.J. (1990). The impact of man on Adelie penguins at Cape Hallett, Antarctica. Ecological change and the conservation of Antarctic ecosystems. Pp 183-190 in K.R. Kerry and G. Hempel (Eds), Ecological change in conservation. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Harper, P.C., Spurr, E.B. And Taylor, R.H. (1990). Seabirds. Pp 263-290 in G.P. Glasby (Ed.), Antarctic sector of the Pacific. Amsterdam, Elsevier.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, P.R. And Thomas, B.W. (1988). Penguin photographic survey from first RNZAF C-130 dedicated science flight. NZ Antarctic Record 8(2): 11-13.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, P.R. (1987). Aerial surveys of Ross Dependency Adelie penguin colonies. NZ Antarctic Record 7(3): 59.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. And Wilson, P.R. (1985). Adelie penguin rookeries at Coulman Island, Western Ross Sea, Antarctica. Notornis 32: 101-107.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Harper, P.C., Knox, G.A., Spurr, E.B., Taylor, R.H., Wilson, G.J. And Young, E.C. (1984). The status and conservation of birds in the Ross Sea sector of Antarctica. Pp 593-608 in J.P. Croxall et al. (Eds), Status and Conservation of the worlds seabirds. Cambridge:ICBP Tech. Publ. 2.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, G.J. And Taylor, R.J. (1984). Distribution and abundance of penguins in the Ross Sea sector of Antarctica. NZ Antarctic Record 6(1): 1-7.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor, R.H. And Wilson, P.R. (1982). Counting penguins from the air. Antarctic 9(10): 366-368.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ainley, D.G. Clarke, E.D. Arrigo, K. Fraser, W.R. Kato, A. Barton, K.J. Wilson, P.R. 2005 Decedal-scale changes in the climate and biota of the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean, 1950s to the 1990s. Antarctic science 17(2): 171-182
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ainley, D.G. Ribic, C.A. Ballard, G. Heath, S. Gaffney, I. Karl, B.J. Barton, K.J. Wilson, P.R. Webb, S. 2004 Geographic structure of Adelie penguin populations: overlap in colony-specific foraging areas. Ecological monographs 74(1): 159-178
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, G.J. (comp) 1983 ISAS New Zealand expedition to Cape Hallett, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zealand Antarctic record 4(3): 12
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wilson, K.J. 1990 Fluctuations in populations of Adélie penguins at Cape Bird, Antarctica. Polar record 26(159): 305-308
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Greenfield, L.G. Wilson, K.J. (1991). Adélie penguin colony estimations from aerial photography and ground counts. Polar record 27(161): 129-130.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19811206
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 158.7833
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 171.183
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.72
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.53
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > POPULATION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > INDICATOR SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > FOOD-WEB DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: HELICOPTER
Theme_Keyword: C-130 > LOCKHEED C-130 HERCULES
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > ROSS SEA > ANTARCTICA - ROSS SEA REGION
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PHIL LYVER
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Landcare Research
Address: PO Box 40
City: Lincoln
Postal_Code: 7640
Country: NEW ZEALAND
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 321 9999
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 321 9998
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lyverp@landcareresearch.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K122_1981_2008_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/ecosyst...
Access_Instructions:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/ecosyst...
Access_Instructions:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20051101
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120120
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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