The terrestrial, marine and freshwater microalgae from Antarctica: biodiversity, physiological and molecular aspects.

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: The terrestrial, marine and freshwater microalgae from Antarctica: biodiversity, physiological and molecular aspects.
Description:
Abstract:
This data set describes the research carried out from 1988 to 2003 on samples collected in the sea (Terra Nova Bay and Wood Bay), in several lakes (Edmonson Point, Markham Island, Inexpressible Island, Teall Nunatak, Tarn Flat, Skua Lake, Carezza Lake and Gondwana Lake) and in some terrestrial areas, during four Italian Antarctic Expeditions (1988/89, 1992/93, 1994/95, 1998/99). The preserved freshwater and sea-water samples were investigated at LM, SEM and flow citometry and as regards the sea environment, the same surveys were carried out also on sea-ice, on the underlying water column and on the melt water samples. Moreover, from in vivo samples, collected in these same environments, monospecific microalgal cultures were set up to ultrastructural, biochemical, physiological and molecular surveys. The results obtained till now are interesting as evidenced from the scientific papers.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., SCARABEL L., SPINI S., GRASSI C. (1991) Some observation on photo-autotrophic picoplankton of Terra Nova Bay (Ross-Sea - Antarctic) during the austral summer 1989-90. Giornale Botanico Italiano, 125: 953-954.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., SPINI S., GRASSI C., SCARABEL L. (1991) A preliminary survey on a Green Microalgae of the Antarctic Sea. Giornale Botanico Italiano, 125: 959-960.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., SCARABEL L., SPINI S., GRASSI C. (1992) The picoplankton in Antarctic lakes of Northern Victoria Land during summer 1989-90. Polar Biol., 11: 575-582.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., SCARABEL L.R., TOLOMIO C. (1993) Distribution du picoplankton photoautotrophe dans la baie de Terra Nova (Mer de Ross, Antartique) pendant l'été austral 1989-1990. Arch. Hydrobiol., Algological Studies, 68: 123-132.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C. (1993) Microalgal flora of the Antarctica. Giornale Botanico Italiano,127: 407-411.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., L. SCARABEL, A. MANI, F. DALLA VECCHIA (1994) Growth and ultrastructural responses of a green filamentous microalgae isolated from Southern Ocean (Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea) to variation in irradiance. Proc. of the SCAR Sixth Biology Symposium (Venice 30 May - 3 June 1994): 6.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., SCARABEL L.R., GRASSI C., DALLA VECCHIA F., SPINI S., TOLOMIO C., RASCIO N., MORO I., MASIERO L. (1994) The photoautotrophic picoplankton of Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica). B. Battaglia, P.M. Bisol, V. Varotto (Eds), Proceedings of the 2nd meeting on Antarctic Biology, Scienza e Cultura,num. spec.: 55-66.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., TOLOMIO C., MORO I., RADICE M., MOSCHIN E., BELLATO S. (1995) Diatoms and dinoflagellates in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea - Antarctica) during austral summer 1990. Polar Biology, 15: 465-475.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., RASCIO N., SCARABEL L. (1996) Ultrastructural features and production of canthaxanthin in a Chlorophyta isolated from Gondwana lake (Victoria Land, Antarctica). Giornale Botanico Italiano, 130: 908-911.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: FOLTRAN A., MARANZANA G., RASCIO N., SCARABEL L., TALARICO L. , ANDREOLI C. (1996) Iridaea cordata from Antarctica: an ultrastructural, cytochemical and pigment study. Botanica Marina, 39: 533-541.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., RASCIO N., MORO I., SCARABEL C., TOLOMIO C., DALLA VECCHIA F., MASIERO L. (1996). Ecological, ultrastructural and physiological features of Antarctica microalgae. G. Di Prisco, S. Focardi, P. Luporini (Eds), Proceedings of the 3rd meeting on Antarctic Biology. S. Margherita Ligure, December 13-15, 1996, Camerino University Press: 275-285.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., LA ROCCA N., MORO I., FERRARI E., TOGNETTO L., RASCIO N. (1997) A new chrysophyte from pack-ice of Wood Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Proc. of the sixth Intenational Phycological Congress (Leiden, The Netherlands, 9-16 August 1997). Phycologia, 36 (4 suppl): 2.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., LOKHORST G.M., MANI A.M., SCARABEL L. , MORO I., LA ROCCA N.,TOGNETTO L. (1998) Koliella antarctica sp. nov. (Klebsormidiales) a new marine green microalgae from the Ross Sea (Antarctica). Archiv fur Hydrobiologie/Algological Studies., 90: 1-8.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., MORO I., LA ROCCA N., RIGONI F., DALLA VALLE L., BARGELLONI L. (1999) Pseudopleurochloris antarctica gen. et sp. nov. a new coccoid xanthophycean from pack-ice of Wood Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica): ultrastructure, pigments and 18S rRNA gene sequence. European Journal of Phycology, 34:149-159.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: VAROTTO S., SCARABEL L., SALMASO M., PARRINI P., ANDREOLI C. (1999) Looking for HSP70 coding sequences in Koliella antarctica Andreoli et al. Proceedings 2nd European Phycological Congress (Monteca-tini Terme, Italy, 20-26 September): 87.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MORO I., LA ROCCA N., DALLA VALLE L., BARGELLONI L., ANDREOLI C. (1999) Characterization of a xanthophycean from the pack-ice of Wood Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Proceedings 2nd European Phycological Congress (Montecatini Terme, Italy, 20-26 September): 134.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MICHELI C., SPERANDEI M., AGUZZI L., GALLUPPI S., MORO I., ANDREOLI C. (1999) PSI and PSII proteins in Koliella antarctica Andreoli et al. and relevant photosynthetic parameters. Proceedings 2nd European Phycological Congress (Monte-catini Terme, Italy, 20-26 September): 131.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: PIRO G., LENUCCI M., DALESSANDRO G., LA ROCCA N., RASCIO N., MORO I., ANDREOLI C. (2000) Ultrastructure, chemical composition and biosynthesis of cell wall polysaccharides in Koliella antarctica (Klebsormidiales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 35: 331-337.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MORO I., PACCAGNELLA R., BARBANTE C., ANDREOLI C. (2000) Microalgal commu-nities of the sea-ice, ice-covered and ice-free waters of Wood Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica) during the austral summer 1993-94.P.S.Z.N.I: Marine Ecology, 21: 233-245.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ANDREOLI C., MORO I., LA ROCCA N., DALLA VALLE L., MASIERO L., RASCIO N., DALLA VECCHIA F. (2000) Ecological, physio-logical, and biomolecular surveys on microalgae from Ross Sea (Antarctica). Italian Journal of Zoology, 67 (suppl): 147-156.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: GIACOMETTI G.M., LA ROCCA N., ZANETTI S., ANDREOLI C. (2001) Non-photochemical quenching in an Antarctic unicellular green alga. Proceedings 12th International Congress of Photosynthesis (Brisbane, Australia, 18-23 August), CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Australia, (S31-019): 1-4.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: ZANETTI S., LA ROCCA N., MORO I., SALVATO B., DI MURO P., RASCIO N., ANDREOLI C. (2001) Effects of environmental factors on morphology, ultrastructure and growth of the green alga Koliella antarctica Andreoli et al. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, 123: 585-592.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: BALDISEROTTO C., FERRONI L., LA ROCCA N., ANDREOLI C., PANCALDI S. (2001) Adattamento del cloroplasto di Koliella antarctica Andreoli et al. sottoposta a simula notte australe: studio microspettro-fluorimetrico ed ultrastrutturale. Atti XL Congresso Nazionale di Fisiologia Vegetale - SIFV - (Abano Terme, Padova, Italia, 17-19 Settembre 2001): 43.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MORO I., LA ROCCA N., DALLA VALLE L., MOSCHIN E., NEGRISOLO E., ANDREOLI C. (2002) Fine structure and inferred phylogeny from molecular data of Pyramimonas australis sp. nov. (Prasinophyceae, Chlo-rophyta) from Antarctica.European Journal of Phycology, 37: 103-114.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MORO I., DALLA VECCHIA F., LA ROCCA N., RASCIO N., ANDREOLI C. (2003) Ultrastructural and cytochemical study on Plocamium cartilagineum (Plocamiales, Rhodophyta) from Ross Sea (Antarctica). NZ Journal of Botany, 41 (2): 359-371.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MORO I., NEGRISOLO E., CALLEGARO A., ANDREOLI C. (2003) Aplanochytrium stocchinoi a new Labyrinthulomycota from the Southern Ocean (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Protist, 154(3-4): 331-340.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: NEGRISOLO E., MAISTRO S., MORO I., IN CARBONE M., DALLA VALLE L., BROADY P., ANDREOLI C. (2003) Phylogenetic analyses based on rbcL and 18S rDNA genes: evidence for a high number of polyphyletic taxa within the Xanthophyceae. Proceedings Third European Phycological Congress (Queen's University Belfast, UK, 21-26 July 2003): M7-2.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MAISTRO S., NEGRISOLO E., MORO I., SENA B., ANDREOLI C. (2003) Characterisation of a new species of Pleurastrum (Chloro-phyceae, Chlorophyta) from Antartica. Proceedings Third European Phycological Congress (Queen's University Belfast, UK, 21-26 July 2003): M7-5.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: NEGRISOLO E., MAISTRO S., INCARBONE M., MORO I., DALLA VALLE L., BROADY PA., ANDREOLI C. (2004) A high rate of morphological convergence characterizes the evolution of Xanthophyceae (Heterokon-tophyta): evidence from nuclear SSU rDNA and plastidial rbcL genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, (in press).
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: GAMBARO A., MORET I., PIAZZA R., ANDREOLI C., DA RIN E., CAPODOGLIO G., BARBANTE C., CESCON P. (2004) Temporal evolution of DMS and DMSP in Antarctic coastal seawater. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry:84 (in press)
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.5
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 170.2
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.7
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MICROALGAE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > LAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: HPLC > HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPH
Theme_Keyword: SPECTROPHOTOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: SEM > SPACE ENVIRONMENT MONITOR
Theme_Keyword: PAM > PORTABLE FLUORESCENCE ANALYZERS
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Antarctica
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Terra Nova Bay
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Terra Victoria
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Ross Sea
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Microalgae
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) 18s Rrna Gene
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Rbcl Gene
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Pcr
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Polymerase Chain Reaction
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Molecular Phylogeny
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Physiology
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Ecophysiology
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Biology
Theme_Keyword: (sector 1) Stress
Theme_Keyword: Ecological, Physiological And Biomolecular Survey On Microalgae From Ross Sea And Victoria Land.
Theme_Keyword: FARMING
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH (WESTERN - ISO 8859-1 CHAR SET)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA LAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TERRA NOVA BAY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WOOD BAY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > EDMONSON POINT
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MARKHAM ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > INEXPRESSIBLE ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TEALL NUNATAK
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TARN FLAT
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SKUA LAKE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAREZZA LAKE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > GONDWANA LAKE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > ROSS SEA
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
none
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
A collection of marine (sea water and ice-sea), freshwater and terrestrial microalgae from Ross Sea and several Victoria Land localities. Observation at LM, SEM and flow cytometer of the samples collected and appropriately preserved. Isolation of microalgae from natural samples through the growing on selected culture media (F2, BG11, BM, BBM, Bristol). Pigment analyses by spectrophotometry and HPLC. Photosynthetic apparatus analyses using PAM. DNA extraction and amplification of some nuclear (18S rDNA, ITS) and plastidial (rbcL, psaA) genes.Study on the PSII will be carried out using as model organism the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 wild type and some mutants strains for the H proteins which have been constructed and characterized in our laboratory. The photooxidative damages on the PSII proteins and the ability of this organism to repair the damage will be estimated; the cab gene family, codifying for the proteins of the PSII,of Koliella antarctica will be used to verify the cold adaptation mechanisms. These genes will be compared to similar genes of Clamydomonas reinhardtii to verify the structural changes of the PSII antenna of the Antarctic organism that seems to have a dissipative function.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: UNIPD/BIOLOGIA > Dipartimento di Biologia, Univerista di Padova, Padova, Italy
Contact_Person: CARLO ANDREOLI
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: via U. Bassi 58/B
City: Padova
State_or_Province: Venetian
Postal_Code: 35121
Country: Italy
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +39 049 8276263
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +39 049 807 2213
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: carlo.andreoli@unipd.it
Resource_Description: MicroalgaeAntarctica
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Word
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://dept.bio.unipd.it/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040301
Metadata_Review_Date: 20070301
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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