Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Erika S. Hammar-Klose and E. Robert Thieler
Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: GIS data files
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Digital Data Series
Issue_Identification: DDS-68
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds68/
Description:
Abstract:
Coastal Changes Due to Sea-Level Rise: One of the most important applied problems in coastal geology today is determining the physical response of the coastline to sea-level rise. Predicting shoreline retreat, beach loss, cliff retreat, and land loss rates is critical to planning coastal zone management strategies and assessing biological impacts due to habitat change or destruction. Presently, long-term (>50 years) coastal planning and decision-making has been done piecemeal, if at all, for the nation's shoreline (National Research Council, 1990; 1995). Consequently, facilities are being located and entire communities are being developed without adequate consideration of the potential costs of protecting or relocating them from sea-level rise related erosion, flooding and storm damage. Recent estimates of future sea-level rise based on climate modeling (Wigley and Raper, 1992) suggest an increase in global eustatic sea-level of between 15 and 95 cm by 2100, with a "best estimate" of 50 cm (IPCC, 1995). This is more than double the rate of eustatic rise for the past century (Douglas, 1997; Peltier and Jiang, 1997). The prediction of coastal evolution is not straightforward. There is no standard methodology, and even the kinds of data required to make such predictions are the subject of much scientific debate. A number of predictive approaches have been used (National Research Council, 1990), including: 1. extrapolation of historical data (for example, coastal erosion rates); 2. static inundation modeling; 3. application of a simple geometric model (for example, the Bruun Rule); 4. application of a sediment dynamics/budget model; or 5. Monte Carlo (probabilistic) simulation based on parameterized physical forcing variables. Each of these approaches, however, has its shortcomings or can be shown to be invalid for certain applications (National Research Council, 1990). Similarly, the types of input data required vary widely, and for a given approach (for example, sediment budget), existing data may be indeterminate or may simply not exist (Klein and Nicholls, 1999). Furthermore, human manipulation of the coast in the form of beach nourishment, construction of seawalls, groins, and jetties, as well as coastal development itself, may dictate Federal, State and local priorities for coastal management without proper regard for geologic processes. Thus, the long-term decision to renourish or otherwise engineer a coastline may be the primary determining factor in how that coastal segment evolves. Variables Affecting Coastal Vulnerability: We use here a fairly simple classification of the relative vulnerability of different U.S. coastal environments to future rises in sea-level. This approach combines the coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions, and yields a relative measure of the system's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise (Klein and Nicholls, 1999). The vulnerability classification is based upon the relative contributions and interactions of six variables: 1. Tidal range, which contributes to inundation hazards. 2. Wave height, which is linked to inundation hazards. 3. Coastal slope (steepness or flatness of the coastal region), which is linked to the susceptibility of a coast to inundation by flooding and to the rapidity of shoreline retreat. 4. Shoreline erosion rates, which indicate how the given section of shoreline has been eroding. 5. Geomorphology, which indicates the relative erodibility of a given section of shoreline. 6. Historical rates of relative sea-level rise, which correspond to how the global (eustatic) sea-level rise and local tectonic processes (land motion such as uplift or subsidence) have affected a section of shoreline. The input data for this database of coastal vulnerability have been assembled using the original, and sometimes variable, horizontal resolution, which then was resampled to a 3-minute grid cell. A data set for each risk variable is then linked to each grid point. For mapping purposes, data stored in the 3-minute grid is transferred to a 1:2,000,000 vector shoreline with each segment of shoreline lying within a single grid cell. [Summary provided by the USGS.]
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Douglas, B.C., 1997, Global sea rise; a redetermination. Surveys in Geophysics, v.18, p. 279-292.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: IPCC, 1995, IPCC Second Assessment - Climate Change 1995: A Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,IPCC, Geneva,Switzerland,64 p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Klein, R, and Nicholls, R, 1999, Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Climate Change. Ambio, 28 (2):182-187
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: National Research Council, 1990, Managing Coastal Erosion. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 163p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: National Research Council, 1995, Beach Nourishment and Protection. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 334p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Peltier, W.R., and Jiang, X., 1997. Mantle viscosity, glacial isostatic adjustment and the eustatic level of the sea: Surveys in Geophysics, v.18, p. 239-277.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 1999. National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Future Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Atlantic Coast. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 99-593, 1 sheet. [Also published as PDF files on this CD-ROM.]
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000a. National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Future Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Pacific Coast. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 00-178, 1 sheet. [Also published as PDF files on this CD-ROM.]
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000b. National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Future Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet.[Also published as PDF files on this CD-ROM.]
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wigley, T. M. L., and Raper, S. C. B. 1992, Implications for climate and sea level of revised IPCC emission scenarios. Nature, v.357, p. 293-300.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.9678
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.9578
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.0983
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.5485
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.7608
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.1012
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 48.388
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.5612
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East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.3993
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.7359
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.0237
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > BEACHES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BARRIER ISLANDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BEACHES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > EROSION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEA LEVEL RISE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEA SURFACE HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENTATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > TIDAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS > COASTAL VULNERABILITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIAL BEHAVIOR > VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: Gis
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information Systems
Theme_Keyword: Cvi
Theme_Keyword: Coastal Vulnerability Index
Theme_Keyword: Shoreline Change
Theme_Keyword: Seashore
Theme_Keyword: Coastal Evolution
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > U.S. ATLANTIC
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > PACIFIC COAST
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GULF OF MEXICO COAST
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ERIKA S. HAMMAR-KLOSE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: E. ROBERT THIELER
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
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Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
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City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-457-2259
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-457-2259
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-548-8700
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ehammark@usgs.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rthieler@usgs.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
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Completeness_Report:
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Lineage:
Process_Step:
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Process_Date: Unknown
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Distribution_Information:
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Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/CMG > Coastal and Marine Geology, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
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Address: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
City: Reston
State_or_Province: Virginia
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1-888-275-8747
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ask@usgs.gov
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Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/PUBS/ER/PW/DDS > Digital Data Series, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
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Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (703) 648-6533
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (703) 648-6252
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pschweitzer@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: USGS_DDS-68
Distribution_Liability:
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Format_Name: Shapefiles, Arc/Info export files
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GIS data files for the Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts.
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Access_Instructions:
FGDC metadata records for Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts.
Fees: No Fees
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050720
Metadata_Review_Date: 20121102
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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