Daily, Monthly, Seasonal, and Annual Surface Weather Data Including Winds, Rainfall, and Temperature for Jamaica (1655-1951)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Daily, Monthly, Seasonal, and Annual Surface Weather Data Including Winds, Rainfall, and Temperature for Jamaica (1655-1951)
Description:
Abstract:
The Kingston, Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Diurnal Variation of Rainfall As Observed at Kingston, Jamaica, 1908-1919' (C/hc40 B83 41518). In these summaries, definitions are: 1. Hourly/daily/monthly/seasonal/annual data -- values determined for each consecutive period, e.g. monthly temperature data: Jan 1900, Feb 1900, etc. 2. Long-term data -- values determined over a period of years, e.g. long-term monthly temperature data using Jan 1901, Jan 1902, etc. This book contains tables and a graph of monthly and annual precipitation data for Kingston, Jamaica from 1908-1919. One table of surface winds associated with precipitation for the same period is also included. Tables contain the following data: monthly total rainfall; annual total precipitation; annual (given hour) total precipitation and frequency of precipitation; long-term monthly mean total rainfall; long-term monthly (given hour) total rainfall; long-term annual mean precipitation; long-term annual mean (given hour) precipitation and frequency of precipitation; and long-term annual mean (given hour) frequency of wind direction associated with rainfall (1' and over in 24 hours). The graph is a continuous hourly trace of rainfall determined over the 12-year period. Kingston and Blue Mountain Peak data resides in 1 book, 'Observations Made on the Blue Mountain Peak' (C/hc40 H178 P2751). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains hourly, daily, and annual surface weather data from Kingston and Blue Mountain Peak, Jamaica and points in between for the years 1885 and 1886. Daily and hourly observations are confined to November 16,17, and 18, 1886. Tables contain the following data: hourly pressure, temperature, and dew point; daily mean pressure, temperature, and dew point; annual mean pressure and temperature at different altitudes; annual mean maximum and minimum temperature at different altitudes; and annual mean range of temperature at different altitudes Additional Kingston data resides in 1 book, 'Jamaica Meteorological Service: Meteorological Results of Barometer Pressure, Temperature, &c. Giving Tables of Averages for 33 Years' (C/hc40 Aob 44479). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables of monthly and annual surface weather data for Kingston, Jamaica from 1881 to 1922. Tables of barometric pressure are for 1881 to 1898 and for 1908 to 1922. All other data are for 1908 to 1922. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean pressure and temperature; monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and cloud cover (given in tenths for lower, middle and upper levels); monthly total rainfall and wind speed; monthly absolute maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean range of pressure between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.; annual mean pressure and temperature; annual mean maximum and minimum temperature; annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and cloud cover (given in tenths for lower, middle and upper levels); annual mean range of pressure between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.; annual total rainfall and wind speed; long-term monthly mean pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed, and rainfall; long-term monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature; long-term monthly mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and clouds (given in tenths for lower, middle and upper levels); long-term monthly average highest maximum and lowest minimum temperature; long-term monthly mean range of pressure between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.; long-term annual mean pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed, and rainfall; long-term annual mean maximum and minimum temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and clouds (given in tenths for lower, middle and upper levels); long-term annual average highest maximum and lowest minimum temperature; and long-term annual mean range of pressure between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m. Wind data for Kingston resides in 1 book, 'Wind Movements in Kingston, Jamaica' (C/hc40 B83 34083). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables and graphs of monthly and annual surface winds in Kingston Jamaica for August 1908 through July 1909. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean (given hour) total miles of wind from all directions; monthly mean (given hour) winds; monthly mean hourly total miles of wind from all directions; monthly mean daily total miles of wind from all directions; monthly mean daily winds; monthly total miles of wind from different directions; monthly average daily starting and stopping time and duration of sea-breeze; monthly average maximum velocity of a sea-breeze with duration longer or shorter than average; monthly percentage of cases when the sea-breeze has a West or North or N.E. origin; monthly average beginning, ending, and duration of sea breeze from different wind directions; annual mean (given hour) total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean (given hour) winds; annual mean hourly total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean daily total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean daily winds; annual total miles of wind from different directions; annual average daily starting time, stopping time, and duration of sea-breeze from different directions; annual average maximum velocity of a sea-breeze with duration longer than and shorter than average; annual percentage of cases of sea-breeze with West and North or N. E. origin; annual average commencement time of sea breeze of West and North or N.E. origin; annual average ending time of a sea-breeze around the West and N.E.; and annual average duration of a sea-breeze starting before and after the average time. Graphs contain annual hourly trace of mean wind speed and annual wind rose giving total miles of wind for each direction. Rainfall data for Jamaica resides in 1 book, 'Handbook of Jamaica' (C/hc40 A0c 4838 ). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains one table of rainfall data for Jamaica spanning the years 1861 through 1879. The data are from various reporting stations for varying periods from 2 to 18 years. This table (pp. 90-91) is contained in a narrative on the climate in Jamaica which is part of a handbook that is largely non-meteorological. The table contains long-term monthly mean total rainfall and long-term annual mean total rainfall. The Kingston cloud drift data resides in 1 book, 'Cloud Drift as Observed at Kingston, Jamaica, During the Years 1907-1913' (C/hc40 B83 37276). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables and graphs of monthly and annual lower, middle, and upper level cloud drift data as observed at Kingston, Jamaica from August 1907 through December 1913. Tables contain the following data: long-term monthly mean (given hour) lower, middle, and upper level cloud drift; long-term annual mean (given hour) lower, middle, and upper level cloud drift; long-term annual mean (given hour) lower, middle, and upper level cloud cover given in tenths; long-term annual combined mean (given hour) upper level cloud cover. Graphs contain long-term monthly mean upper level cloud drift drawn as lines on a compass and long-term monthly trace of mean upper level cloud drift. Additional Jamaica data resides in 4 books, ' Jamaica Meteorological Observations: 1910-1914' (C/hc40 K55 43275); Jamaica Meteorological Observations: 1915-1926' (C/hc40 K55 49095); Jamaica Meteorological Observations: 1927-1937' (C/hc40 K55 59030); and Jamaica Meteorological Observations: 1938, 1945-51' (C/hc40 K55 074998). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. These volumes contain tables of hourly, daily, monthly, and annual surface weather data from Jamaica for 1910 through 1919, 1921 through 1938, and 1945 through 1951. Mean rainfall data are given for the whole island. Hourly and daily surface weather data are for Kingston only and begin in 1912. No annual data are given for Kingston before 1921. Apart from exceptions noted below, all other data in tables are reported for Kingston, Negril Point, and Morant Point for the above dates. Tables contain the following data: hourly pressure, temperature, humidity, vapor pressure (begins 1913), surface winds, and amount of cloud; daily absolute maximum and minimum temperature; daily total rainfall; monthly mean pressure, temperature, humidity (begins 1913), rainfall and daily wind speed; monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point (1910-1911 only), vapor pressure (begins 1913), amount of cloud, amount of upper level cloud (1910-1911 only), and surface winds; monthly absolute maximum and minimum temperature; monthly total rainfall; monthly number of days with (begins 1912) rainfall, thunderstorms, and clear or overcast sky; monthly normal rainfall (30 and 60 year averages given in 1934-1938 only); monthly number of observations of surface wind direction (begins 1913); annual mean pressure, temperature, humidity (begins 1913), and daily wind speed; annual mean maximum and minimum temperature; annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point (1910-1911 only), vapor pressure (begins 1913), amount of cloud, amount of upper level cloud (1910-1911 only), and surface winds; annual absolute maximum and minimum temperature; annual total rainfall; annual number of days with (begins 1912) rainfall, thunderstorms, and clear or overcast sky; annual normal rainfall (30 and 60 year averages given in 1934-1938 only); and annual number of observations of surface wind direction (begins 1913). This book also includes reports of extraordinary conditions such as earthquakes and tropical depressions as well as observations of monthly climatological conditions such as the approximate deviation from normal rainfall. Additional Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Meteorology of Jamaica' (C/hc40 B838 58338). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables, graphs, and maps of monthly and annual surface weather data for Jamaica. Data on hurricanes begin in 1655. Rainfall data begin between 1871 and 1935. Other data begin between 1908 and 1935. Latest data are for 1935. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean daily total wind speed; annual mean daily total wind speed; annual mean rate of rainfall per hour; annual total rainfall and hours of rainfall; annual number of days with rainfall; annual number of hurricanes; long-term monthly mean evaporation; long-term monthly mean (given hour) humidity, pressure, change in pressure, and cloudiness (0-10 clear to overcast scale); long-term monthly mean total hours of sunshine and percentage of possible hours of sunshine; long-term monthly mean number of hurricanes and thunderstorms; long-term monthly semi-diurnal tide; long-term monthly total of thunderstorms; long-term annual mean temperature at varying altitudes, hourly and daily total wind speed, evaporation, number of thunderstorms, and rainfall; long-term annual mean maximum and minimum temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) pressure, change in pressure, and humidity; long-term annual hours of sunshine and percentage of possible hours of sunshine; long-term annual normal humidity; and long-term annual number of days with hail. Graphs contain long-term monthly mean rainfall and long-term monthly frequency of thunderstorms. Maps contain long-term annual mean rainfall. Additional Kingston data resides in 1 book, 'Temperature in Kingston, Jamaica' (C/hc40 K55t 23099). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables of monthly and annual surface temperature and annual rainfall data for Kingston, Jamaica. The long-term temperature data and the consecutive annual temperature data are for 1881-1898. The consecutive monthly and annual temperature data are for 1899-1901. Soil temperature data are for 1892-1896. Rainfall data are for 1866-1901. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean air temperature; monthly mean (given hour) air temperature; annual mean air temperature; annual mean maximum and minimum air temperature; annual mean (given hour) air temperature; annual absolute maximum and minimum air temperature; annual total rainfall; long-term monthly mean air and soil temperature; long-term monthly mean maximum and minimum air temperature; long-term monthly average highest maximum and lowest minimum air temperature; long-term annual mean air and soil temperature; long-term annual mean maximum and minimum air temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) air temperature. Additional Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Barometer in Jamaica' (C/hc40 H17re 34085). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables of hourly, daily, monthly, and annual surface weather data from several reporting stations in Jamaica for various days and periods between 1879 and 1901. Tables contain the following data: hourly pressure and temperature (9 April 1879; 16,17,18 November 1886); daily mean pressure and temperature (same dates as hourly); long-term monthly mean pressure, temperature, and dew point; long-term monthly mean (given hour) pressure and temperature; long-term annual mean pressure, temperature, and dew point; and long-term annual mean (given hour) pressure and temperature. Wind data for Kingston resides in 1 book, 'Kingston Anemometer' (C/hc40 B83k 28093). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables and graphs of monthly and annual surface wind data for Kingston, Jamaica from March, 1892 to February, 1895. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean daily miles of wind; monthly mean (given hour) miles of wind; monthly maximum wind pressure and miles of wind in 1 hour; annual mean daily miles of wind; annual mean (given hour) miles of wind; long-term monthly mean daily miles of wind; long-term monthly mean (given hour) miles of wind; long-term monthly maximum wind pressure and miles of wind in 1 hour; long-term annual mean daily miles of wind; long-term annual mean (given hour) miles of wind. Graphs contain the following data: long-term monthly hourly trace of mean wind speed; long-term annual hourly trace of mean wind speed; long-term annual monthly trace of mean time of occurrence of maximum wind speed. These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 16550101
Ending_Date: 19511231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 17.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS > THUNDERSTORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS > TROPICAL DEPRESSIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > DEW POINT TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > EVAPORATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD TYPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN > RAINFALL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR IRRADIANCE > INSOLATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SUNSHINE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > TIDAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > TIDES > TIDAL COMPONENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN COMPOUNDS > OZONE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: HYGROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Annual Data
Theme_Keyword: Blue Mountain Peak
Theme_Keyword: Climatology
Theme_Keyword: Cloud Drift
Theme_Keyword: Daily Data
Theme_Keyword: Dew Point
Theme_Keyword: Hail
Theme_Keyword: Hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Jamaica
Theme_Keyword: Kingston
Theme_Keyword: Monthly Data
Theme_Keyword: North Atlantic Ocean
Theme_Keyword: Radiation
Theme_Keyword: Rainfall
Theme_Keyword: Sea Breeze
Theme_Keyword: Seasonal Data
Theme_Keyword: Sky Cover
Theme_Keyword: Soil Temperatures
Theme_Keyword: Statistics
Theme_Keyword: Sunshine
Theme_Keyword: Surface
Theme_Keyword: Thunderstorms
Theme_Keyword: Tropical Depressions
Theme_Keyword: Upper Air
Theme_Keyword: Upper Level Winds
Theme_Keyword: Vapor Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Weather Observations
Theme_Keyword: West Indies
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > JAMAICA
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > JAMAICA > KINGSTON
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Back to Top
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
Back to Top
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD > Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Central Library
Address: 1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4598
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: reference@www.lib.noaa.gov
Resource_Description: C/HC40 A0C 4838
Resource_Description: C/HC40 AOB 44479
Resource_Description: C/HC40 B83 34083
Resource_Description: C/HC40 B83 37276
Resource_Description: C/HC40 B83 41518
Resource_Description: C/HC40 B838 58338
Resource_Description: C/HC40 B83K 28093
Resource_Description: C/HC40 H178 P2751
Resource_Description: C/HC40 H17RE 34085
Resource_Description: C/HC40 K55 074998
Resource_Description: C/HC40 K55 43275
Resource_Description: C/HC40 K55 49095
Resource_Description: C/HC40 K55T 23099
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
Back to Top
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120223
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ALAN KEIR MARTINSON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Scientific and Commercial Systems Corporation
Address: 6429 Virginia Manor Rd.
City: Beltsville
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20705
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 210-0250
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Back to Top
[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site