Hourly, Daily, Monthly and Annual Weather Data, Climate Averages, and Snow and Ice Data for Estonia, Latvia, Livonia, and Courland (1795-1936)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Hourly, Daily, Monthly and Annual Weather Data, Climate Averages, and Snow and Ice Data for Estonia, Latvia, Livonia, and Courland (1795-1936)
Description:
Abstract:
The Dorpat data resides in 3 books: 1) 'Zehnjahrige Mittelwerthe Nebst Neunjahrigen Studenmitteln Fur Dorpat' (C/dba W419); 2) 'Zwanzigjahrige Mittelwerthe aus den meteorologischen Beobachtungen 1866 bis 1885 fur Dorpat' (C/db AO-y); and 3) 'Funfzigjahrige Mittelwerte aus den meteorologischen Beobachtungen 1866-1915 fur Dorpat'(C/dba AO-y), and all are written in German. The data contained in these books are tables and graphs of daily, monthly, and annual climate averages for Dorpat, Estonia from 1866 to 1915. The surface parameters included in these tables are: hourly, daily, and monthly mean pressure, temperature, cloudiness, evaporation, humidity, sunshine, wind direction and speed; monthly and annual total precipitation; absolute maximum and minimum of temperature; wind direction and speed frequency; and number of days of thunderstorms, rain etc. The ten and twenty year mean for the above variables are also tabulated, as well as the deviation from the ten year mean. These parameters are for each individual year and averaged over the period 1866 to 1915. In addition, the highest and lowest temperature and pressure for each year are incorporated in the tables. Additional Dorpat data resides in 3 books: 1) 'Meteorologische Beobachtungen Angestellt in Dorpat' (C/dba AO-y), written in German; 2) 'Meteorologische Beobachtungen Angestallt in Tartu, Dorpat' (C/dba AO-ya), written in German; and 3) 'Sammlung von Arbeiten, ausgefuhrt von studenten Meteorologischen Observatorium Universitat zu Jurjew', written in Russian and German. The data contained in these books are tables of hourly surface observations and daily, monthly, and annual climate averages for Dorpat, Estonia for each individual year from 1865 to 1931. These hourly surface observations are for temperature, pressure, humidity, winds, cloudiness, and precipitation. Data for each individual month, include the following: daily means of maximum and minimum temperature; mean pressure, humidity, cloudiness, and wind speed; absolute maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; and monthly precipitation totals. In addition, surface wind frequency is given for each month of the year, and the number of days for the following surface parameters are tabulated for each month: precipitation of different intensities, snow, hail, cloudy skies, thunderstorms, lightning, fog, maximum <0, minimum <0, and sunny skies. The Latvia data resides in 2 books: 1) 'Precipitation in Latvia' (C/dba AO-R); and 2) 'Snow Layer in Latvia', both written in Latvian and English. The data contained in these books are tables, maps, and graphs of monthly and seasonal snow and precipitation averages for Latvia from 1850 to 1931. The parameters included in these tables, maps, and graphs for each month and season are mean precipitation totals and number of snow cover days. The parameters averaged over the period of record are: monthly mean, maximum, and minimum precipitation amounts; mean number of precipitation days; mean number of days with precipitation greater then a certain amount; mean number of days of snow cover; and the probability of a certain percentage of days being covered by snow. In addition, there is a graph showing the mean dates of ice breakup on a Riga river averaged over ten year periods. Additional Latvia data resides in 2 books: 1) 'Gaisa Temperatura Latvija-Mean Air Temperature' (C/dba AO-R); and 2) 'Pedejo Divu 30 Gadu Periodu videjo gaisa temperaturu salidzinajums', both written in Latvian and English. The data contained in these books are tables, maps, and graphs of monthly and annual surface temperature averages for Latvia from 1795 to 1931. The parameters included in these data are the following: tables of monthly means for each individual year of the period; mean, maximum and minimum monthly temperature averaged over the period; mean 30 year departure from 1901-1930; graph of mean monthly and annual temperature for each year; maps of monthly and annual mean averaged over the period 1926 to 1935; and mean air temperature differences between the last two 30 year periods for each month (maps and tables). The Estonia sea ice data resides in 12 books, 'Sea Ice Observations made in Estonia during the winter' (C/dba AO-E), and is written in Finnish and Russian. The data contained in these series of volumes are tables of daily sea ice observations made in Estonia during the Winters from 1923 to 1936. The following information can be found in these tables: days with ice; dates of various navigation potential; seven day thickness of ice; and height of snow on ice. The Livonia and Courland data reside in 1 book, 'Bericht uber die Ergebnisse der Beobachtungen fur das Liv-Estlandische Regenstationennetz 15-jahrige Mittelwerte der Niederschlagsmenge, Anzahl der Neiderschlagstage und Temperatur fur den Zeitraum 1886-1900' (C/dba AOLv), and is written in German. The data contained in this book are tables and maps of monthly, seasonal, and annual precipitation and surface temperature for the regions of Livonia, Estonia, and Courland from 1885 to 1900. The tables include the following information: annual precipitation totals for each individual year, and mean monthly precipitation, number of days of precipitation, and surface temperature at 8 A.M., averaged over the 15 year period. The maps display the mean monthly precipitation, and the mean summer precipitation averaged over the years 1885 to 1900. Estonia snow and ice data reside in 1 book, 'Schnee-und Eisverhaltnisse in Eesti' (C/dba AO-E), and is written in Finnish and English. The data contained in this book are tables of snow and ice conditions in Estonia during Winter 1919/1920. The following information can be found in these tables: snow height and snow cover days for a ten day period; date of earliest snowfall, maximum snow height, and freezing and thawing of Estonian rivers; and number of days with ice and snow cover on the seacoast. These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 17950101
Ending_Date: 19361231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 65.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 50.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AIR QUALITY > VISIBILITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FOG
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS > THUNDERSTORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SURFACE PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD TYPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SNOW > SNOWFALL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > RIVER ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > RIVER ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Annual Data
Theme_Keyword: Climatology
Theme_Keyword: Courland
Theme_Keyword: Daily Data
Theme_Keyword: Dorpat
Theme_Keyword: Estonia
Theme_Keyword: Fog
Theme_Keyword: Hourly Data
Theme_Keyword: Ice Thickness
Theme_Keyword: Idn_node Gsfc/noaa/nesdis/nodc
Theme_Keyword: Latvia
Theme_Keyword: Livonia
Theme_Keyword: Monthly Data
Theme_Keyword: Radiation
Theme_Keyword: Rainfall
Theme_Keyword: Russia
Theme_Keyword: Seasonal Data
Theme_Keyword: Snow Cover
Theme_Keyword: Statistics
Theme_Keyword: Surface
Theme_Keyword: Thunderstorms
Theme_Keyword: Ussr
Theme_Keyword: Weather Observations
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > ESTONIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > LATVIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > SEA SURFACE
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: Hourly, Daily, Monthly, Seasona
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: J. BARLOTI
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KARL WEIHRAUGH
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: State Meteorological Bureau of Latvia
City: Riga
State_or_Province: Latvia
Country: Russia
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Physik Der Kaisenlichen Universitat
Address: Yuriev (Dorpat) University
Address: Meteorological Observatory
City: Tartu
State_or_Province: Estonia
Country: RUSSIA
Back to Top
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
Back to Top
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD > Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Central Library
Address: 1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4598
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: reference@www.lib.noaa.gov
Resource_Description: C/DB AO-Y
Resource_Description: C/DBA AO-E
Resource_Description: C/DBA AO-R
Resource_Description: C/DBA AO-Y
Resource_Description: C/DBA AOLV
Resource_Description: C/DBA W419
Resource_Description: OVERSIZE FOREIGN MET. DATA
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
Back to Top
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120223
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PETER L. GRIMM
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Environmental Information Services
Address: 1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-0575
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-1249
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: peter.l.grimm@noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Back to Top
[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site