Measurements of factors affecting the timing of nest relief in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Measurements of factors affecting the timing of nest relief in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird
Description:
Abstract:
The timing of nest relief is crucial to the nesting success of adelie penguins. Experiments were conducted to test whether the physiological conditions of the female will determine how long she stays at sea to feed. Stressed females should stay at sea longer and the male mate would have to shorten their foraging trip to match the date of hatching accurately. At least one adult penguin was banded from each pair that had eggs collected (for another study on energetic value of eggs). Removal of one egg caused most females to lay a third egg. The duration of the first, second and third foraging trip (FFT, SFT, TFT), the time from the beginning of the FFT until the end of the TFT, the time for each egg to hatch, the time from the laying of the final egg until the first egg hatched (apparent hatched time) and the guard stage (first hatch until the first day both parents absent) were measured and compared with control nests. Eggs in the nest may also give a clue to the adults, especially in the few days before hatching. Newly hatched chicks starve within a few days if a well fed adult is not there to feed them. Adults may therefore be able to regulate the length of the TFT to suit the amount of time remaining before the eggs hatch. Clutches of early and late eggs were cross fostered and the above parameters measured and compared with control nests.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Davis, L.S. and G.D. Miller. 1990. Foraging patterns of Adélie Penguins during the incubation period. In Knowles & Kerry (Eds.). Antarctic ecosystems: change and conservation. Springer Verlag, Berlin. pp203-207. Miller, G.D. And Davis, L.S. 1993. Foraging flexibility of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae): Consequences for an indicator species. Biological Conservation 63: 223-230. Davis, L.S. Ward, G.D. Sadlier, R.M.F.S. Foraging for Adélie penguins during the incubation period. Notornis 35(1): 15-23, 1988.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19861108
Ending_Date: 19870122
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19871101
Ending_Date: 19880102
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19881109
Ending_Date: 19890206
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.68
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.68
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.17
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.17
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: Nesting Success
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE BIRD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GARY MILLAR
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: LLOYD S DAVIS
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Country: AUSTRALIA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Zoology Department
Address: Center for Science Communication
Address: University of Otago
Address: PO BOX 56
City: Dunedin
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 479 7654
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 479 7584
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gary.millar@mawson.aad.gov.au
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: adelie@stonebow.otago.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The data can be found in the publications. Field notebooks still exist. Please contact the investigators for any raw data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K121_1986_1987_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050922
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090327
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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