Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Serreze, Mark.
Publication_Date: 20091119
Title: Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/NSIDC-0423
Description:
Abstract:
This data set comprises a 50-year record of daily extratropical cyclone statistics computed for the Northern Hemisphere. Cyclone locations and characteristics were obtained by applying the updated Serreze (1997) algorithm to daily Sea Level Pressure (SLP) data at six-hour intervals (Serreze and Barrett 2008). The SLP source data are part of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Reanalysis data set, an assimilation of various atmospheric data collected by a wide variety of sensors within a global weather model. The parameters included in this data set are the position and central pressure of each cyclone, the distance the center of the cyclone traveled, whether the observation represents a cyclogenesis or cyclolysis event, and the local Laplacian of SLP and Sea Level Pressure Tendency (SLPT) at each cyclone center. The total volume of this data set is approximately 150 megabytes. Data are provided in tab-delimited ASCII text format and are available via FTP.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Armstrong, R. L., and M. J. Brodzik. 1995. An Earth-Gridded SSM/I Data Set for Cryospheric Studies and Global Change Monitoring. Advances in Space Research 16: 155-63. Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, Y. Zhu, A. Leetmaa, R. Reynolds, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgins, J. Janowiak, K. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, R. Jenne, and D. Joseph. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77, 437–471. Kistler, R., E. Kalnay, W. Collins, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, M. Kanamitsu, V. Kousky, H. van den Dool, R. Jenne, and M. Fiorino. 2001. The NCEP-NCAR 50-Year Reanalysis: Monthly Means CD-ROM and Documentation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 247-268. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0247:TNNYRM>2.3.CO;2. Krasnopolsky, V. M., L. C. Breaker, and W. H. Gemmill. 1995. A Neural Network as a Nonlinear Transfer Function Model for Retrieving Surface Wind Speeds from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C6), 11,033–11,045. PDF Serreze, M. C., and A. P. Barrett. 2008. The Summer Cyclone Maximum over the Central Arctic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 1048–1065. doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1810.1. Serreze, M. C., A. H. Lynch, and M. P. Clark. 2001. The Arctic Frontal Zone as Seen in the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 14, 1550–1567. doi: <1550:TAFZAS>2.0.CO;2. Serreze, M. C., F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers. 1997. Icelandic Low Cyclone Activity: Climatological Features, Linkages with the NAO, and Relationships with Recent Changes in the Northern Hemisphere Circulation. Journal of Climate, 10, 453–464. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0453:ILCACF>2.0.CO;2. Serreze, M. C. 1995. Climatological Aspects of Cyclone Development and Decay in the Arctic..ATMOSPHERIC-OCEAN 33 (1), 1-23. PDF Tsukernik, M., D. N. Kindig, and M. C. Serreze. 2007. Characteristics of Winter Cyclone Activity in the Northern North Atlantic: Insights from Observations and Regional Modeling. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(d3): D03101, doi:10.1029/2006JD007184.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19580101
Ending_Date: 20081231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 0.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE TENDENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS
Theme_Keyword: DMSP > DEFENSE METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: ICESAT > ICE, CLOUD AND LAND ELEVATION SATELLITE
Theme_Keyword: MODELS
Theme_Keyword: NOAA-4 > NATIONAL OCEANIC & ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION-4
Theme_Keyword: SATELLITES
Theme_Keyword: ALTIMETERS
Theme_Keyword: AWS > AUTOMATED WEATHER SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: BAROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: CEILOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: DRIFTING BUOYS
Theme_Keyword: DRY BULB THERMOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: HIRS > HIGH RESOLUTION INFRARED RADIATION SOUNDER
Theme_Keyword: HUMIDITY SENSORS
Theme_Keyword: HYGROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: MSU > MICROWAVE SOUNDING UNIT
Theme_Keyword: PRESSURE SENSORS
Theme_Keyword: RADAR > RADIO DETECTION AND RANGING
Theme_Keyword: RADIOSONDES
Theme_Keyword: RAIN GAUGES
Theme_Keyword: RAWINSONDES
Theme_Keyword: SIRS > SATELLITE INFRARED SPECTROMETER
Theme_Keyword: SOIL TEMPERATURE PROBE
Theme_Keyword: SOUNDERS
Theme_Keyword: SSU > STRATOSPHERIC SOUNDING UNIT
Theme_Keyword: TEMPERATURE SENSORS
Theme_Keyword: THERMOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: VTPR > VERTICAL TEMPERATURE PROFILE RADIOMETER
Theme_Keyword: WAVE HEIGHT GAUGES
Theme_Keyword: WET BULB THERMOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: XBT > EXPENDABLE BATHYTHERMOGRAPHS
Theme_Keyword: SSMI > SPECIAL SENSOR MICROWAVE/IMAGER
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: Arctic
Theme_Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Theme_Keyword: Cyclogenesis
Theme_Keyword: Cyclolysis
Theme_Keyword: Cyclones
Theme_Keyword: Laplacian Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Ncep/ncar Reanalysis Data
Theme_Keyword: Nsidc Daac
Theme_Keyword: Nsidc > National Snow And Ice Data Center
Theme_Keyword: Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Pressure Tendency
Theme_Keyword: Sea Level Pressure
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Temporal_Keyword: 6 Hour
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC_DAAC > NSIDC Distributed Active Archive Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Resource_Description: NSIDC-0423
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Transfer_Size: 150 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/arcss/
Access_Instructions:
ARCSS Data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/arcss/
Access_Instructions:
ARCSS Data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/arcss003.html
Access_Instructions:
Arctic Cyclone Track Data Set, 1966-1993
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20091119
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140519
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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