Daily broad-band ultra-violet radiation observations using biologically effective UVR detectors

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Daily broad-band ultra-violet radiation observations using biologically effective UVR detectors
Description:
Abstract:
This dataset also forms part of the set of State of the Environment (SOE) indicators. INDICATOR DEFINITION Daily measurements of solar Ultra-Violet radiation at Casey and Davis stations, reported in units of standard erythemal dose (SED). TYPE OF INDICATOR There are three types of indicators used in this report: 1.Describes the CONDITION of important elements of a system; 2.Show the extent of the major PRESSURES exerted on a system; 3.Determine RESPONSES to either condition or changes in the condition of a system. This indicator is one of: CONDITION and PRESSURE RATIONALE FOR INDICATOR SELECTION Stratospheric ozone depletion began in the mid-1970's and is likely to persist until mid this century or beyond. Ozone depletion allows more short wavelength, biologically damaging, UVB radiation (280-320 nm) to reach the Earth's surface. Thus, organisms living beneath depleted ozone are likely to be impacted by enhanced UVB irradiances. Enhanced UVB irradiances can increase the incidence of skin cancer, cataract eye disease and even immune system suppression in humans. It can also reduce the growth, productivity and survival of marine organisms and can cause changes in the structure and function of Antarctic marine communities. This indicator provides a direct measure of the extent and magnitude to which UV irradiances are enhanced and provides vital data against which biological responses to UV exposure can be normalised. Living organisms are sensitive to UV radiation because vital biological molecules such as DNA, lipids and proteins absorb strongly in these wavelengths. DNA, with a peak absorption at 260 nm, is particularly sensitive, and is liable to mutation. DNA damage has been extensively studied in microbial and mammalian systems where UV-induced damage produces two distinct effects, mutagenesis and toxicity. In humans the impact of DNA damage manifests mainly as skin cancer. DNA damage in plants has been the subject of relatively few studies (Britt, 1999; Taylor et al, 1996; Vornarx et al, 1998) with most research examining impacts of UV-B on growth or photosynthesis, predominantly using crop plants. Terrestrial plants are potentially very vulnerable to UV-B induced DNA damage. Firstly the levels of UV-B are higher on land than in water. In addition plants rely on light for photosynthesis and are therefore adapted to absorb high levels of solar radiation (and the associated, harmful UV-B). Defence mechanisms to protect against damaging high energy UV radiation are also found in plants. Compounds such as flavonoids, and carotenoids absorb UV radiation and act as sun-screens, reducing the levels of UV-B at the molecular level. Research has been limited in Antarctic plants but there are clear differences in protective pigment levels in 3 Antarctic mosses with Grimmia antarctici (an endemic species) showing low levels of these pigments compared to other cosmopolitan species (Robinson et al 2001). This suggests that the endemic species may be more vulnerable to UV-B damage. Studies have recently commenced to investigate DNA-damage in these plants. Work by Skotnicki and coworkers (Skotnicki et al 2000) which shows high levels of somatic mutation could also be a result of UV-B exposure. DESIGN AND STRATEGY FOR INDICATOR MONITORING PROGRAM Spatial Scale: The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency take broadband in situ observations at Antarctic mainland stations (Casey, Davis and Mawson) and at Macquarie Island. Frequency: Continuous measurements Measurement Technique: Broad band UV radiometry (use of biometer or biologically effective UVR detector). Total UVR measurements are also made using an Eppley TUV radiometer (responds across 290 to 400 nm wavelength range). Spectral measurements have also been made at Davis station. Readings are taken every ten minutes and the total SED's calculated for the day. RESEARCH ISSUES A need exists for a comprehensive monitoring network of broadband measurements, complemented by a small baseline network of precision spectral measurements across the nation. Such a network is being planned by the Bureau of Meteorology to link directly with the basic national meteorological observations. Validation of satellite data with surface based measurements (ARPANSA) over Australia for the period 1979-1992 has been carried out (Udelhofen et al 1999) and a follow up is planned for 1992-2000. Validation of satellite data and surface UVR measurements over the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic is planned between the Antarctic Division, ARPANSA and Dan Lubin at UCLA. LINKS TO OTHER INDICATORS SOE Indicator 9 - Daily records of total column ozone at Macquarie Island DATA DESCRIPTION 10 minute averages of weighted UVR (CIE 1987 spectral effectiveness). The data in the files is : Date, time, total solar radiation (counts), gain 1, Total UVR (counts), gain 2, UVB(counts), gain 3, biometer , temperature. Main Detector is Solar Light UVBiometers (SL501) Detector 1 - Eppley total solar radiation pyranometer. Detector 2 - Eppley total UVR (TUV) radiometer - covers wavelength range 290 to 400 nm. Detector 3 - International Light UVB radiometer - covers wavelength range 290 to 315 nm. Detector 4 - Solar Light UVBiometer (SL501) - approximates CIE erythemal spectral effectiveness. The 2nd last column is the biometer in MEDs/hr (1 MED is 200 J/m2 effective weighted with the CIE (1987) erythemal response) and the last column is temperature inside the detector. The 3 other detectors, with outputs in counts, are the total solar, Total UVR (TUV) and the UVB. Data are stored as zipped up .dat files. The fields in this dataset are: Date Time Total Solar Radiation (counts) Gain 1 Total UVR (counts) Gain 2 UVB(counts) Gain 3 Biometer Temperature
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Britt A.B. 1999 Trends in Plant Science 4 20-25
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor R.M., Nikaido O, Jordan B.R., Rosamond J., Bray C.M. and Tobin A.K. 1996 Plant Cell Environ 19 171-181
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Vornarx E.J. Mitchell H.L., Karthikeyan R., Chatterjee I. and Kunz B.A. 1998 Unknown Mutation Res 400 187-200
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Robinson S.A., Wasley J., Turnbull J. and Lovelock C.E. 2001 Unknown Proc. 12th Int. Cong. Photosynthesis (in press)
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR, Gies HP and Elliott G. 1989 The ARL Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Measurement Programme Transactions of the Menzies Foundation 'The Ozone Layer and Health 15 71-76
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP. 1989 Ozone Depletion and its Calculated Effect on Solar UVB Radiation Levels for some Australian Cities. Ch 3 in 'Health Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion' NHMRC AGPS Canberra 37-69
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR, Gies HP and Elliott G. 1990 Ozone Depletion. Nature 347 235-236
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP 1991 Solar Ultraviolet Radiation: Measurement Techniques and the Australian Network. Ozone Depletion: Implications for the Tropics' (M Ilyas Ed), Uni Malaysia and UNEP 114-125
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP 1992 Results from an Australian Solar UVR Measurement Network and Implications for Radiation Protection Policy. Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, May 17-22, 1992 1 Montreal 759-762
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy and HP Gies 1993 Measurements of solar ultraviolet radiation in the Southern Hemisphere. In Proceedings of the International Symposium 'Environmental UV Radiation and Health Effects', May 4-6 1993 Munich, Germany 71-78
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: RL McKenzie, M Kotkamp, G Seckmeyer, R Erb, CR Roy, HP Gies and SJ Toomey 1993 First Southern Hemisphere Intercomparison of Measured Solar UV Spectra. Geophys Res Let 20 2223-2226
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy, HP Gies, DW Tomlinson and D Lugg 1994 Effects of Ozone Depletion on the ultraviolet radiation environment at the Australian Stations in Antarctica. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series 62 1-15 Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: HP Gies, CR Roy, SJ Toomey and D Tomlinson July 26-27, 1994 The ARL Solar UVR measurement network: Calibration and Results. Proceedings SPIE Ultraviolet Technology V 2282 San Diego
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: G Seckmeyer, B Mayer, G Bernhard, RL McKenzie, PV Johnston, M Kotkamp, CR Booth, T Lucas, T Mestechkina, CR Roy, HP Gies and D Tomlinson 1995 Geographical differences in the UV measured by intercompared spectroradiometers. Geophys Res Let 22 1889-1892
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy, HP Gies and S Toomey 1995 The solar UV radiation environment: measurement techniques and results. J Photochem Photobiol B: Biology 99 21-27
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy, HP Gies and SJ Toomey April 14-19 1996 Climatology of UVB and ozone variations and the global solar UV-Index. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association 1 Vienna 353-360
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: C Roy, H Gies and S Toomey 1996 Monitoring UV-B at the earth's surface Cancer Forum 20 173-179
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: D Lubin, EH Jensen and P Gies 1998 Global Surface Ultraviolet Radiation Climatology from TOMS and ERBE data J Geophys Res 103 26,061-91
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy, HP Gies, DL Lugg, S Toomey and DW Tomlinson 1998 The measurement of solar ultraviolet radiation Mutation Research 422 7-14
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: PM Udelhofen, P Gies, C Roy and WJ Randel 1999 Surface UV radiation over Australia, 1979-1992: Effects of ozone and cloud cover changes on variations of UV radiation J Geophys Res 104 19135-19159
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: L Lemus-Deschamps, L Rikus and P Gies 1999 The operational Australian Ultraviolet Index forecast 1997 Meteorological Applications 6 241-251
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: HP Gies, CR Roy, S Toomey and D Tomlinson 1999 Ambient Solar UVR, Personal Exposure and Protection J Epidemiology 9 Tokyo S115-S121 Presented at the International Workshop on Health Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation 17-19 Feb 1999
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Taylor R.M., Nikaido O, Jordan B.R., Rosamond J., Bray C.M. and Tobin A.K 1996 Unknown Plant Cell Environ 19 171-181
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Vornarx E.J. Mitchell H.L., Karthikeyan R., Chatterjee I. and Kunz B.A. 1998 Unknown Mutation Res. 400 187-200
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Robinson S.A., Wasley J., Turnbull J. and Lovelock C.E. 2001 Unknown Proc. 12th Int. Cong. Photosynthesis (in press)
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Skotnicki, M.L., Ninham, J.A. and Selkirk, P.M. 2000 Unknown Antarct. Sci. 12 363-373
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR, Gies HP and Elliott G. 1989 The ARL Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Measurement Programme. Transactions of the Menzies Foundation 'The Ozone Layer and Health 15 71-76
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP 1989 Ozone Depletion and its Calculated Effect on Solar UVB Radiation Levels for some Australian Cities Ch 3 in 'Health Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion' NHMRC AGPS Canberra 37-69
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR, Gies HP and Elliott G 1990 Ozone Depletion Nature 347 235-236
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP 1991 Solar Ultraviolet Radiation: Measurement Techniques and the Australian Network Ozone Depletion: Implications for the Tropics' (M Ilyas Ed) 114-125 Uni Malaysia and UNEP
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Roy CR and Gies HP 1992 Results from an Australian Solar UVR Measurement Network and Implications for Radiation Protection Policy Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association 1 Montreal 759-762 May 17-22
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy and HP Gies May 4-6, 1993 Measurements of solar ultraviolet radiation in the Southern Hemisphere In Proceedings of the International Symposium 'Environmental UV Radiation and Health Effects Munich, Germany 71-78
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: RL McKenzie, M Kotkamp, G Seckmeyer, R Erb, CR Roy, HP Gies and SJ Toomey 1993 First Southern Hemisphere Intercomparison of Measured Solar UV Spectra Geophys Res Let 20 2223-2226
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CR Roy, HP Gies, DW Tomlinson and D Lugg 1994 Effects of Ozone Depletion on the ultraviolet radiation environment at the Australian Stations in Antarctica. Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series 62 1-15
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: HP Gies, CR Roy, SJ Toomey and D Tomlinson 1994 The ARL Solar UVR measurement network: Calibration and Results Proceedings SPIE Ultraviolet Technology V 2282 San Diego 274-284 July 26-27, 1994
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: G Seckmeyer, B Mayer, G Bernhard, RL McKenzie, PV Johnston, M Kotkamp, CR Booth, T Lucas, T Mestechkina, CR Roy, HP Gies and D Tomlinson 1995 Geographical differences in the UV measured by intercompared spectroradiometers Geophys Res Let 22 1889-1892
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19970901
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
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Ending_Date: Unknown
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Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
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Beginning_Date: 20010206
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20020207
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 158.8
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 158.9
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -54.55
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -54.65
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 110.45
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 110.55
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.25
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.35
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 62.84
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 62.94
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.55
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.65
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 77.9
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 78.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -68.55
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -68.65
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN COMPOUNDS > OZONE
Theme_Keyword: FIXED OBSERVATION STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: AAS > ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROPHOTOMETRY
Theme_Keyword: Biologically Weighted
Theme_Keyword: Biometer
Theme_Keyword: Date
Theme_Keyword: Erythemal Uvr
Theme_Keyword: Gain 1
Theme_Keyword: Gain 2
Theme_Keyword: Gain 3
Theme_Keyword: Solar Light Biometer
Theme_Keyword: Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Time
Theme_Keyword: Total Solar Radiation
Theme_Keyword: Total Uvr
Theme_Keyword: Ultraviolet Radiation
Theme_Keyword: Uv-b
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > MACQUARIE ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CASEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > DAVIS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MAWSON
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: These data can be viewed at the URL given below for 'Display Antarctic State of Environment Indicator 10', or alternatively, downloaded as a file from the provided URL. The download file contains a number of zipped .dat files and two excel spreadsheets, one for data as it stood in mid-2007, and one for data as it stood in mid-2008.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ARPANSA_BIO when using these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PETER GIES
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: STUART HENDERSON
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency
Address: Non Ionizing Radiation Branch
Address: Ultraviolet Radiation Section
Address: Lower Plenty Road Yallambie 3085
City: Yallambie
State_or_Province: Victoria
Postal_Code: 3085
Country: Australia
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency
Address: Non Ionizing Radiation Branch
Address: Ultraviolet Radiation Section
Address: Lower Plenty Road Yallambie 3085
City: Yallambie
State_or_Province: Victoria
Postal_Code: 3085
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 9433 2285
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 9433 2391
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 9432 1835
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 9432 1835
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: peter.gies@arpansa.gov.au
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: stuart.henderson@arpansa.gov.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The amount of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) reaching the ground is controlled by physical factors including the height of the sun in the sky, time of day, cloud cover, ozone concentrations overhead and reflectance at the surface by ice and snow (albedo). In Antarctica, the combination of these factors leads to erythemal irradiances higher than those experienced in the tropics. The energy of solar radiation, and thus its capacity to damage life in Antarctica, increases with decreasing wavelength. Ozone depletion specifically enhances the shorter wavelengths of the UV spectrum (UVB 280 to 320 nm). Measurements of solar UVR in the past have generally been of either UVR (280 to 400 nm) or more importantly, UVB (280 to 315 nm); these lower wavelengths are very effective in producing damaging biological effects. More recently, in order to relate UV flux measurements to human health, biologically effective UVR is measured using a radiometer that approximates the response of human skin to different wavelengths of UVR. This erythemal spectral effectiveness was defined by the Commission Internationale d E'clairage (International Lighting Commission - CIE) in 1987. The units are minimal erythemal doses (MED) where 1 MED is the amount of UVR required to induce erythema or sunburn in people with sensitive skin. Ten-minute readings are added together to provide an indication of the total UVR incident at the surface each day. Daily readings of biologically effective solar UVR is in standard erythemal doses (SEDs : 1 SED is 100 J/m2 effective). For quality-controlled data, the trends in UV can be analysed and compared with those in ozone. The interannual variability due to variations in ozone, cloudiness and other atmospheric parameters needs to be accounted for. These data (Mawson in particular) could be subject to change upon revision of the calibrations at a future date. Unfortunately there is a large gap in the data from Davis. 2010-10-12 There are currently some data gaps for Mawson and Macquarie Island. The Macquarie Island instrument failed in November 2007 and Mawson failed in December 2007. The replacement equipment was installed in late April 2008. Due to ARPANSA IT issues connection to the instruments took some time. Note that the most recent excel spreadsheet stored in the download file will be the most accurate, and should be used in preference to all other excel spreadsheets, or .dat data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: ARPANSA_BIO
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Excel, .dat
Transfer_Size: 3,626 kb
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.c...
Access_Instructions:
Download point for the data - .dat files and excel spreadsheet
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/soe/display_indicator....
Access_Instructions:
Display Antarctic State of Environment Indicator 10 and access online data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.arpansa.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
ARPANSA website
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/metadata/soe/gglaz_casey.pa...
Access_Instructions:
File to convert Casey Station data from Geographicals to Lambert Azimuthal Projection
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?...
Access_Instructions:
Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset
Fees: Free
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20010419
Metadata_Review_Date: 20121115
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PETER GIES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency
Address: Non Ionizing Radiation Branch
Address: Ultraviolet Radiation Section
Address: Lower Plenty Road Yallambie 3085
City: Yallambie
State_or_Province: Victoria
Postal_Code: 3085
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 9433 2285
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 9432 1835
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: peter.gies@arpansa.gov.au
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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