1995 - 2007 Ecosystem History of South Florida's Estuaries Database version 7

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Lynn Wingard
Publication_Date: 20130301
Title: 1995 - 2007 Ecosystem History of South Florida's Estuaries Database version 7
Edition: version 7
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: MS Access database
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher:
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/flaecohist/
Description:
Abstract:
The 1995 - 2007 Ecosystem History of South Florida's Estuaries Database contains listings of all sites (modern and core), modern monitoring site survey information (water chemistry, floral and faunal data, etc.), and published core data. Two general types of data are contained within this database: 1) Modern Field Data and 2) Core data - primarily faunal assemblages. Data are available for modern sites and cores in the general areas of Florida Bay, Biscayne Bay, and the southwest (Florida) coastal mangrove estuaries. Specific sites in the Florida Bay area include Taylor Creek, Bob Allen Key, Russell Bank, Pass Key, Whipray Basin, Rankin Bight, park Key, and Mud Creek core). Specific Biscayne Bay sites include Manatee Bay, Featherbed Bank, Card bank, No Name Bank, Middle Key, Black Point North, and Chicken Key. Sites on the southwest coast include Alligator Bay, Big Lostmans Bay, Broad River Bay, Roberts River mouth, Tarpon Bay, Lostmans River First and Second Bays, Harney River, Shark River near entrance to Ponce de Leon Bay, and Shark River channels. Modern field data contains (1) general information about the site, description, latitude and longitude, date of data collection, (2) water chemistry information, and (3) descriptive text of fauna and flora observed at the site. Core data contain either percent abundance data or actual counts of the distribution of mollusks, ostracodes, forams, and pollen within the cores collected in the estuaries. For some cores dinocyst or diatom data may be available. Scientists over the past few decades have noticed that the South Florida ecosystem has become increasingly stressed. The purposes of the ecosystem history projects (started in 1995) are to determine what south Florida's estuaries have looked like over time, how they have changed, and what is the rate and frequency of change. To accomplish this, shallow sediment cores are collected within the bays, and the faunal and floral remains, sediment geochemistry, and shell biochemistry are analyzed. Modern field data are collected from the same region as the cores and serve as proxies to allow accurate interpretation of past depositional environments. The USGS South Florida Ecosystem History Project is designed to integrate studies from a number of researchers compiling data from terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems within south Florida. The project is divided into 3 regions: Biscayne Bay and the Southeast coast, Florida Bay and the Southwest coast, and Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems of Southern Florida. The purpose of the projects is to provide information about the ecosystem's recent history based on analyses of paleontology, geochemistry, hydrology, and sedimentology of cores taken from the south Florida region. Data generated from the South Florida Ecosystem History project will be integrated to provide biotic reconstructions for the area at selected time slices and will be useful in testing ecological models designed to predict floral and faunal response to changes in environmental parameters. Biscayne Bay is of interest to scientists because of the rapid urbanization that has occurred in the Miami area and includes Biscayne National Park. Dredging, propeller scars, and changes in freshwater input have altered parts of Biscayne Bay. Currently, the main freshwater input to Biscayne Bay is through the canal system, but many scientists believe subsurface springs used to introduce fresh groundwater into the Bay ecosystem. Study of the modern environment and core sediments from Biscayne Bay will provide important information on past salinity and seagrass coverage which will be useful for predicting future change within the Bay. Plant and animal communities in the South Florida ecosystem have undergone striking changes over the past few decades. In particular, Florida Bay has been plagued by seagrass die-offs, algal blooms, and declining sponge and shellfish populations. These alterations in the ecosystem have traditionally been attributed to human activities and development in the region. Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are studying the paleoecological changes taking place in Florida Bay in hopes of understanding the physical environment to aid in the restoration process. As in Biscayne Bay, scientists must first determine which changes are part of the natural variation in Florida Bay and which resulted from human activities. To answer this question, scientists are studying both modern samples and piston cores that reveal changes over the past 150-600 years. These two types of data complement each other by providing information about the current state of the Bay, changes that occurred over time, and patterns of change. Terrestrial ecosystems of South Florida have undergone numerous human disturbances, ranging from alteration of the hydroperiod, fire history, and drainage patterns through implementation of the canal system to expansion of the agricultural activity to the introduction of exotic species such as Melalueca, Australian pine, and the Pepper Tree. Over historical time, dramatic changes in the ecosystem have been documented and these changes attributed to various human activities. However, cause-and-effect relationships between specific biotic and environmental changes have not been established scientifically. One part of the South Florida Ecosystem History group of project is designed to document changes in the terrestrial ecosystem quantitatively, to date any changes and determine whether they resulted from documented human activities, and to establish the baseline level of variability in the South Florida ecosystem to estimate whether the observed changes are greater than what would occur naturally. Specific goals of this part of the project are to 1) document the patterns of floral and faunal changes at sites throughout southern Florida over the last 150 years, 2) determine whether the changes occurred throughout the region or whether they were localized, 3) examine the floral and faunal history of the region over the last few millennia, 4) determine the baseline level of variability in the communities prior to significant human activity in the region, and 5) determine whether the fire frequency, extent, and influence can be quantified, and if so, document the fire history for sites in the region.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19940927
Ending_Date: 20070403
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.83
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.5
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.75
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MICROALGAE > DIATOMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MICROALGAE > DINOFLAGELLATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > DISSOLVED GASES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > WATER TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: USGS_SOFIA > SOUTH FLORIDA INFORMATION ACCESS
Theme_Keyword: Broward County
Theme_Keyword: Collier County
Theme_Keyword: Miami-dade County
Theme_Keyword: Monroe County
Theme_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Theme_Keyword: Biscayne Bay
Theme_Keyword: Florida Bay
Theme_Keyword: Barnes Key
Theme_Keyword: Bob Allen Key
Theme_Keyword: Clive Key
Theme_Keyword: Johnson Key
Theme_Keyword: Pass Key
Theme_Keyword: Rabbit Key
Theme_Keyword: Russell Key
Theme_Keyword: Whipray Basin
Theme_Keyword: Sprigger Bank
Theme_Keyword: Trout Creek
Theme_Keyword: Manatee Bay
Theme_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Theme_Keyword: Bottle Key
Theme_Keyword: Butternut Key
Theme_Keyword: Cape Sable
Theme_Keyword: Duck Key
Theme_Keyword: Ironwood Channel
Theme_Keyword: Lignumvitae Basin
Theme_Keyword: Little Madeira Bay
Theme_Keyword: Nest Key
Theme_Keyword: Old Dan Bank
Theme_Keyword: Old Sweat Bank
Theme_Keyword: Park Key
Theme_Keyword: Peterson Keys
Theme_Keyword: Porjoe Key
Theme_Keyword: Schooner Bank
Theme_Keyword: Black Point
Theme_Keyword: Card Bank
Theme_Keyword: Featherbed Bank
Theme_Keyword: Pelican Bank
Theme_Keyword: Little Blackwater Sound
Theme_Keyword: Lostmans River
Theme_Keyword: Harney River
Theme_Keyword: Shark River
Theme_Keyword: Tarpon Bay
Theme_Keyword: Mccormick Creek
Theme_Keyword: Rabbit Key Basin
Theme_Keyword: Buttonwood Keys
Theme_Keyword: C-111 Canal
Theme_Keyword: Storter Bay
Theme_Keyword: Gun Rock Point
Theme_Keyword: Pavillion Key
Theme_Keyword: Alligator Bay
Theme_Keyword: Big Lostmans Bay
Theme_Keyword: Roberts River
Theme_Keyword: White Water Bay
Theme_Keyword: Oyster Bay
Theme_Keyword: Rodgers River Bay
Theme_Keyword: Broad River
Theme_Keyword: Broad River Bay
Theme_Keyword: Huston River
Theme_Keyword: Chicken Key
Theme_Keyword: Arsenicker Key
Theme_Keyword: Shell Creek
Theme_Keyword: Spy Key
Theme_Keyword: Black Creek Canal
Theme_Keyword: Florida City Canal
Theme_Keyword: Chokoloskee Bay
Theme_Keyword: Buchanan Bank
Theme_Keyword: Sid Key
Theme_Keyword: Otter Creek
Theme_Keyword: North Prong Otter Creek
Theme_Keyword: Ponce De Leon Bay
Theme_Keyword: Taylor Creek
Theme_Keyword: Crocodile Point
Theme_Keyword: Military Canal
Theme_Keyword: Mowry Canal
Theme_Keyword: Princeton Canal
Theme_Keyword: Long Sound
Theme_Keyword: Lake Key
Theme_Keyword: North Canal
Theme_Keyword: Samphire Keys
Theme_Keyword: Monroe Lake
Theme_Keyword: Convoy Point
Theme_Keyword: Crab Keys
Theme_Keyword: Jim Foot Key
Theme_Keyword: North River
Theme_Keyword: Arsenicker Shoal
Theme_Keyword: Dragover Bank
Theme_Keyword: Gopher Pass
Theme_Keyword: Rankin Lake
Theme_Keyword: Central Everglades
Theme_Keyword: South East Coast
Theme_Keyword: Sw Big Cypress
Theme_Keyword: Florida Keys
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 1
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 2
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 3
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 2a
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 3a
Theme_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 3b
Theme_Keyword: Wca1
Theme_Keyword: Wca2
Theme_Keyword: Wca3
Theme_Keyword: Wca2a
Theme_Keyword: Wca3a
Theme_Keyword: Wca3b
Theme_Keyword: Alinas Reef
Theme_Keyword: Middle Key Basin
Theme_Keyword: Rankin Basin
Theme_Keyword: Caesars Cut
Theme_Keyword: Black Point Creek Canal
Theme_Keyword: Dead Terrapin Basin
Theme_Keyword: Arsenicker Bank
Theme_Keyword: Goulds Canal
Theme_Keyword: Prong Creek
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > FLORIDA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The field data contained in the database have not been reviewed for publication and, therefore, may contain inconsistencies or errors. The field measurements (such as salinity and temperature) have been made on a variety of instruments over the years. Every effort has been made to calibrate and standardize the instruments and check the data, however, the field data should be considered preliminary. Also, taxonomic names may not represent the most up-to-date usage, but are internally consistent.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: LYNN WINGARD
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BETHANY STACKHOUSE
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 926A National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Eastern Geology and Paleoclimate Science Center, USGS
City: Reston
State_or_Province: Virginia
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5352
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 7036486096
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-6953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lwingard@usgs.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bstackhouse@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/fs/145-96
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
map showing Biscayne Bay region, seagrass, hardbottom and barren bottom communities
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://sofia.usgs.gov/flaecohist/images/maps/FlaEcoHist-map.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
satellite image showing sampling and core locations in Florida Bay
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/2006-1271/images/fig1satx.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
satellite image of the southwest coast of Florida showing general location of cores
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2004/3108/fs2004-3108.html
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
satellite image map of Biscayne Bay, Florida showing sites where USGS cores were collected
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/flaecohist/LocationPaleoCoreswZoneslg.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
satellite image showing general areas of cores collection
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
ATTRIBUTE ACCURACY REPORT: All data are cross checked at least twice to original field notes so entries are correct. In terms of reproducibility, these are living ecosystems, so part of the purpose of the database is to compare repeat observations at the same site over time to note the changes. The data on occurence of plants and animals are qualitative not quantitative assessments. An absence in the database does not necessarily mean an absence of the species at the sampling site. Observations of plants and animals were noted but this may not have been the primary focus of the data collection at a particular site. LOGICAL CONSISTENCY REPORT: The field data contained in this database have not been reviewed for publication and therefore may contain inconsistencies or errors. The field measurements (such as salinity and temperature) were made on an variety of instruments over the years. Project personnel have made every attempt to calibrate and standardize the instruments and check the data, however, the field data should be considered preliminary. Also taxonomic names may not represent the most up to date usage, but are internally consistent. All data are cross checked at least twice to original field notes so entries are correct. In terms of reproducibility, these are living ecosystems, so part of the purpose of the database is to compare repeat observations at the same site over time to note the changes. COMPLETENESS REPORT: The data on occurrence of plants and animals are qualitative notes - not quantitative assesments. Simply put, an absence in the database does not necessarily mean the species was absent at the site. Fieldwork was conducted for a variety of purposes over the years, and these data merely represent observations made at specific times and places, but cannot be quantitatively compared to each other. For example, a species may not have been detected at a specific site on a given date, because we were at the site to collect a core - not do a site survey. We always noted any observations made and these are recorded here, but more species would obviously be detected if we spent 30 minutes doing a snorkeling transect looking for species, than if we were there to collect a core and in the process noted the presence of certain species. Keep this in mind when looking at the data and treat the data on the biotic distributions as observational and qualitative. HORIZONTAL POSITIONAL ACCURACY REPORT: Much of the data were collected using a GPS system to accurately capture the location of the collection site. The accuracy of the positions range from none shown to +/- 493 feet. Many of the sites fall in the +/- 92 feet range. Most of the sites in the database have a GPS accuracy value given. The earlier dates for data collection are usually the ones without an accuracy value. VERTICAL POSITIONAL ACCURACY REPORT: Water depth data are accurate to within 0.25 meter
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.01 Degrees and decimal minutes
Longitude_Resolution: 0.01 Degrees and decimal minutes
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/SESC/SOFIA > SOUTH FLORIDA INFORMATION ACCESS, SOUTHEAST ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE CENTER, U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Contact_Person: HEATHER S. HENKEL
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-502-8028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-502-8182
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Ecosystem_History_of_South_Florida_Estuaries_Data
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Access2007
Transfer_Size: 3.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sofia.usgs.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/flaecohist/
Access_Instructions:
Data, metadata, and methodology information for Ecosystem History of South Florida Estuaries Data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120409
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130826
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: HEATHER S. HENKEL
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-502-8028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-502-8182
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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