North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Biological Resources Division U.S. Geological Survey ;
Publication_Date: 1997
Title: North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS)
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Laurel, MD
Publisher: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, BRD, USGS.
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBS/
Description:
Abstract:
The North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS), which is coordinated by the Biological Resources Division and Canadian Wildlife Service, is a primary source of population trend and distribution information for most species of North American birds. The BBS was initiated during 1966 by Chan Robbins and his associates at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center to monitor the populations of all breeding bird species across the continental U.S., Canada, and Alaska. Approximately 2200 skilled observers participate in the survey each year. The BBS has accumulated 30 years of data on the abundance, distribution, and trends for more than 400 species of birds. These data are widely used by researchers, various federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, and the general public. Analyses of BBS data by PWRC statisticians have been instrumental in the development of innovative approaches for analyzing trends of wildlife populations. Geographic Description: Continental U.S., Canada, Alaska, with spotty coverage in Alaska and northern half of Canada. A few routes have been recently established in northern Mexico. In the 1960's, chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides and similar poisons were widely used to control insect populations. Pesticide spraying not only killed insects but also killed birds, raising serious concerns over its effects on bird population trends. Unfortunately, no long-term regional or continental population data were available for most bird species, making it difficult for birders to demonstrate declines in bird populations. The Bird Breeding Survey has proven to be a valuable source of information on bird population trends. Robbins et al. (1986) provided the first continental relative abundance maps for various songbirds based on BBS data. When viewed at continental or regional scales, these maps provide a reasonably good indication of the relative abundance of species that are well sampled by the BBS. In addition, the BBS is a good source of information on temporal patterns in trends. Populations of permanent resident and short-distance migrant (birds wintering primarily in the U.S. and Canada) species may be adversely affected by episodes of unseasonal weather. The extent of any declines in a particular bird population is known after the data is analyzed. The BBS is also a good source of geographic patterns in trends. Few species have consistent trends across their entire ranges, so geographic patterns in trends are of considerable interest to anyone concerned with the status of the continent's birds. With the use of a Geographic Information System, route-specific trends are smoothed to produce geographic patterns that are not based on political boundaries or physiographic strata. These analyses allow identification of regions of increase and decline. Once these regions have been pinpointed, researchers can undertake studies that will allow them to identify the factors responsible for the population trends.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Citation Information: Originator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior Publication Date: 1966-1990
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Title: North American Breeding Bird Survey Annual Summary Publication Information: Publication Place: Washington, D.C. Publisher: Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior Citation Information: Originator: Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior Publication Date: 1986
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Title: The Breeding Bird Survey: Its First Fifteen Years 1965-1979 Edition: Resource Publication 157 Publication Information: Publication Place: Washington, D.C. Publisher: Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior Citation Information: Originator: Patuxent Environmental Science Center National Biological Service Department of the Interior Publication Date: 1994-12
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Title: The North American Breeding Bird Survey Series Information: Series Name: Journal of the American Birding Association Issue Identification: 26:6 Citation Information: Originator: National Biological Service Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Publication Date: 1994
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Title: Estimating equations estimates of trends. Series Information: Series Name: Bird Populations Issue Identification: 2:23-32 Publication Information: Publication Place: Laurel, MD Publisher: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19660101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -165.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -50.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 75.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > POPULATION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: Abundance
Theme_Keyword: Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Animalia
Theme_Keyword: Aves
Theme_Keyword: Birds
Theme_Keyword: Breeding Bird Survey
Theme_Keyword: Breeding Birds
Theme_Keyword: Canada
Theme_Keyword: Chordata
Theme_Keyword: Counts
Theme_Keyword: Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Estimating Equation
Theme_Keyword: Mexico
Theme_Keyword: North America
Theme_Keyword: North American Breeding Birds
Theme_Keyword: Population Change
Theme_Keyword: Population Trend
Theme_Keyword: Relative Abundance
Theme_Keyword: Route-regression
Theme_Keyword: Surveys
Theme_Keyword: Trends
Theme_Keyword: United States
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > MEXICO
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALASKA
Access_Constraints: Contact Bruce Peterjohn of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Breeding Bird Office to acquire raw data. All of the trend information can be retrieved from BBS web site: http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBS/
Use_Constraints:
None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BRUCE PETERJOHN
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Bird Breeding Survey
Address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Address: Biological Resources Division
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 12100 Beech Forest Road
City: Laurel
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20708
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-497-5841
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-497-5784
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bruce_peterjohn@nbs.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
In the early years, the data set had 500-600 routes. There are now more than 3000 routes. These routes are checked manually and computer edits performed. However, when there were only 500 routes, this was easier to accomplish. The computer performs edits for computational errors, species range errors. Print outs are sent back to original observer to verify.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/BRD/PWRC/NABBS > North American Breeding Bird Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Biological Resources Division, USGS, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: BRUCE PETERJOHN
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Bird Breeding Survey
Address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Address: Biological Resources Division
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 12100 Beech Forest Road
City: Laurel
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20708
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-497-5841
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-497-5784
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bruce_peterjohn@nbs.gov
Resource_Description: brdpwrc0004
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBS/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20131018
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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