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Desertification Atlas (Global) Maps 1-20

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Desertification Atlas (Global) Maps 1-20
Description:
Abstract:
INTRODUCTION Desertification/Land Degradation - The Background More than 6.1 billion hectares, over one third of the Earth's land area, is dryland. Nearly one billion hectares of this area are naturally hvperarid deserts, with very low biological productivity. The remaining 5.1 billion hectares are made up of arid, semiarid and dry subhumid areas, part of which have become desert since the dawn of civilization while other parts of these areas are still being degraded by human action today. These lands are the habitat and the source of livelihood for one quarter of the world's population. They are areas characterized by the persistent natural menace of recurrent drought, a natural hazard accentuated by imbalanced management of natural resources. Particularly acute drought years in the Sahelian region of Africa from 1968 to 1973, and their tragic effects on the peoples of the region, drew worldwide attention to the problems of human survival and development in drylands, particularly on desert margins. These problems have been addressed by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations. The UN General Assembly's Resolution 3202 (vi) of 1 May 1974 recommended that the international community undertake concrete and speedy measures to arrest desertification and assist the economic development of affected areas. The Economic and Social Council's Resolution 1878 (LVII) of 16 July 1974 requested all the concerned organizations of the UN system to pursue a broad attack on the drought problem. Decisions of the Governing Councils of the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) emphasized the need for undertaking measures to check the spread of desert conditions. The General Assembly then decided, by Resolution 3337 (xxix) of 17 December 1974, to initiate concerted international action to combat desertification and, in order to provide an impetus to this action, to convene a UN Conference on Desertification (UNCOD), between 29 August and 9 September 1977 in Nairobi, Kenya, which would produce an effective, comprehensive and coordinated programme for solving the problem. For the purposes of this atlas, desertification/land degradation is defined as: Land degradation in arid, semiarid and dry subhumid areas resulting mainly from adverse human impact.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19900101
Ending_Date: 19921230
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION > DESERTIFICATION > GLOBAL DESERTIFICATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION > POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > DESERTS
Theme_Keyword: GTOS > GLOBAL TERRESTRIAL OBSERVING SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: Desert
Theme_Keyword: Desertification
Theme_Keyword: Drylands
Theme_Keyword: Gis
Theme_Keyword: Land Use
Theme_Keyword: Sahel
Theme_Keyword: Terrestrial Ecosystems > Arid Land Ecosystem > Desertification
Theme_Keyword: NULL
Theme_Keyword: NULL
Theme_Keyword: NULL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Access_Constraints: Public
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JOHANNES AKIWUMI
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Head, Data and Information Management Section
Address: Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA)
Address: United Nations Environment Programme
Address: P. O. Box 30552
City: Nairobi
Postal_Code: 00100
Country: Kenya
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624214
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Johannes.Akiwumi@unep.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: UNEP/DEWA > Division of Early Warning and Assessment, United Nations Environmental Program
Contact_Person: JOHANNES AKIWUMI
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Head, Data and Information Management Section
Address: Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA)
Address: United Nations Environment Programme
Address: P. O. Box 30552
City: Nairobi
Postal_Code: 00100
Country: Kenya
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624214
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (+254-20) 7624315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Johannes.Akiwumi@unep.org
Resource_Description: NBId0288_101
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20161118
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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