Maps Showing the Stratigraphic Framework of South Carolina's Long Bay from Little River to Winyah Bay

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin, Robert A. Morton, Jane F. Denny, Shawn V. Dadisman, William C. Schwab, Paul T. Gayes, and Neal W. Driscoll
Publication_Date: 2004
Title: Maps Showing the Stratigraphic Framework of South Carolina's Long Bay from Little River to Winyah Bay
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps, reports
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1013/
Description:
Abstract:
South Carolina's Grand Strand is a heavily populated coastal region that supports a large tourism industry. Like most densely developed coastal communities, the potential for property damage and lost revenues associated with coastal erosion and vulnerability to severe storms is of great concern. In response to these concerns, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium have chosen to focus upon the Grand Strand (the arcuate strand of beaches between the North Carolina Border and Winyah Bay, SC) and adjacent Long Bay as a portion of Phase II of the South Carolina/Georgia Coastal Erosion Study (SC/GCES). Phase I of the SC/GCES (1994 - 1999) focused upon critical areas of erosion along the central portion of the South Carolina coastline. Research conducted during Phase I began to identify how physical processes, inlet-beach interaction, framework geology and shoreline geometry combine to control patterns of erosion along the central South Carolina coast. Phase II of SC/GCES (1999 - present) was designed to gain a further understanding of the factors affecting shoreline change within northern South Carolina and Georgia. Specific goals of the Phase II study include: 1) quantifying historic shoreline change and identifying erosional hotspots; 2) mapping geologic framework and determining its role in the area's coastal evolution; and 3) calculating a sediment budget and identifying transport mechanisms within the study area. In November 1999, to address the second goal of Phase II of the SC/GCES, the USGS, Coastal Carolina University (CCU) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) began a program to systematically map the geologic framework within the South Carolina segment of Long Bay. Data sources used to produce these maps include high-resolution sidescan-sonar, interferometric sonar swath bathymetry and sub-bottom profiling. Surface sediment samples, vibracores and video data provide groundtruth for the geophysical data. The goals of the program include determining regional-scale sand-resource availability (needed for ongoing beach nourishment projects) and investigating the role that inner-shelf morphology and geologic framework play in the evolution of this portion of coastal South Carolina. This report presents preliminary maps generated through integrated interpretation of geophysical data, which detail the geometries of Cretaceous and Tertiary continental shelf deposits, show the location and extent of paleochannel incisions, and define a regional transgressive unconformity and overlying bodies of reworked sediment. Defining the shallow sub-surface geologic framework will provide a base for future process-oriented studies and provide insight into coastal evolution. [Summary provided by the USGS.]
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19940101
Ending_Date: 19991231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.5
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > BEACHES > COASTLINE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DRAINAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > FLOODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > HYDROPATTERN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > LAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RUNOFF
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATER CHANNELS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WETLANDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > WATER DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > EROSION > SHORELINE EROSION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > INLETS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEA LEVEL RISE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENTATION > SEDIMENT BUDGET
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT > SHORELINE CHANGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > STORM SURGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > TIDAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > CONTINENTAL MARGINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > AGE DETERMINATIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > BEDROCK LITHOLOGY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > IGNEOUS ROCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > METAMORPHIC ROCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > MINERALS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > SEDIMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > BATHYMETRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIAL BEHAVIOR > VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > FLOODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > SEVERE STORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TROPICAL CYCLONES > HURRICANES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TROPICAL CYCLONES > SEVERE CYCLONIC STORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TROPICAL CYCLONES > SEVERE TROPICAL CYCLONES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: Open File Report
Theme_Keyword: Ofr
Theme_Keyword: South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium
Theme_Keyword: Scripps Institution Of Oceanography
Theme_Keyword: Long Bay
Theme_Keyword: Little River
Theme_Keyword: Winyah Bay
Theme_Keyword: Natural Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Stratigraphy
Theme_Keyword: Coastal Erosion
Theme_Keyword: Severe Storms
Theme_Keyword: Coastal Patterns
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Budget
Theme_Keyword: Shoreline Change
Theme_Keyword: Historic Shoreline Change
Theme_Keyword: Geology
Theme_Keyword: Geologic Framework
Theme_Keyword: Geophysical Data
Theme_Keyword: Cretaceous
Theme_Keyword: Tertiary
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
This publication was prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data published in this publication have been used by the USGS, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials and/or the functioning of the software. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS, in the use of these data or related materials.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: WAYNE E. BALDWIN
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ROBERT. A. MORTON
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 600 4th St
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Coastal and Marine Geology Team
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersberg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-803-8747 x3080
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wbaldwin@usgs.gov
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rmorton@usgs.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/PUBS/ER/PW/OFS > Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: USGS Information Services
Address: Open-File Services Section
Address: Box 25286
Address: Federal Center
City: Denver
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303-202-4188
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infoservices@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: USGS_OFR_2004_1013
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1013/bathymetry.html
Access_Instructions:
Bathymetry and Sidescan-Sonar
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1013/seismic.html
Access_Instructions:
Seismic Stratigraphy
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/scerosion/
Access_Instructions:
South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.scseagrant.org/
Access_Instructions:
South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sio.ucsd.edu/
Access_Instructions:
Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Fees: No Fees
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040830
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130124
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: USGS Information Services
Address: Open-File Services Section
Address: Box 25286
Address: Federal Center
City: Denver
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303-202-4188
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infoservices@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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