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Alpha Status, Dominance, and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs.

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: David L. Mech
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Alpha Status, Dominance, and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs.
Edition: Version 16MAY2000
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Jamestown, North Dakota
Publisher: USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/alstat/index.htm
Description:
Abstract:
The prevailing view of a wolf (Canis lupus) pack is that of a group of individuals ever vying for dominance but held in check by the "alpha" pair, the alpha male and the alpha female. Most research on the social dynamics of wolf packs, however, has been conducted on non-natural assortments of captive wolves. Here I describe the wolf-pack social order as it occurs in nature, discuss the alpha concept and social dominance and submission, and present data on the precise relationships among members in free-living packs based on a literature review and 13 summers of observations of wolves on Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. I conclude that the typical wolf pack is a family, with the adult parents guiding the activities of the group in a division-of-labor system in which the female predominates primarily in such activities as pup care and defense and the male primarily during foraging and food-provisioning and the travels associated with them.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Mech, L. David. 1999. Alpha status, dominance, and division of labor in wolf packs. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:1196-1203.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: "http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/2000/alstat/ref.htm"
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19860101
Ending_Date: 19981231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -145.27
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -48.11
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 87.61
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.3
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS > CARNIVORES > DOGS/FOXES/WOLVES > WOLVES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > SPECIES DOMINANCE INDICES > WOLVES
Theme_Keyword: Alpha Status
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Division Of Labor
Theme_Keyword: Wolf Packs
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: L. DAVID MECH
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: North Central Research Station
Address: 1992 Folwell Ave.
City: St. Paul
State_or_Province: Minnesota
Postal_Code: 55108
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mechx002@tc.umn.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/BRD/NPWRC > Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: TOM SKLEBAR
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 8711 37th Street, S.E.
City: Jamestown
State_or_Province: North Dakota
Postal_Code: 58401
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 701-253-5500
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 701-253-5554
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 701-253-5553
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tom_sklebar@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: usgs_npwrc_alpha
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: zip
Transfer_Size: 26 K bytes
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/zips/alstat.zip
Access_Instructions:
Alpha Status, Dominance and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs data
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20020128
Metadata_Review_Date: 20160127
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20030128
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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