1998 Animations of Coral Bleaching Hotspots from NOAA/NESDIS

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: 1998 Animations of Coral Bleaching Hotspots from NOAA/NESDIS
Description:
Abstract:
The year of 1998 was a difficult time for the worlds coral reefs, with abnormally warm sea surface temperatures (SST's) causing widespread coral bleaching. The animations and images on this page show the differences between the climatological maximum monthly mean SST (i.e. the expected summer-time maximum) and the satellite-derived NOAA/NESDIS night time SST fields. When the night time SST field is warmer than the expected summer-time maximum by 1 degree C, the region is shown in orange as a potential coral bleaching hotspot. NOAA/NESDIS oceanographer, Dr. Al Strong, has collected reports of coral bleaching from an informal network of coral reef researchers and observers. These reports have been overlayed on the following 1998 animations and images: Animation of Great Barrier Reef Bleaching Event, El Nino, 1/17/98-4/17/98, (1.6 mb) Animation of Indian Ocean Bleaching Event, El Nino/La Nina transition period , 3/24/98-7/24/98, (1.0 mb) Animation of Bahrain, Red Sea and Eastern Pacific Bleaching Events, early La Nina, 7/4/98-10/27/98, (0.8 mb) Animation of Western Hemisphere Bleaching Events, early La Nina, 6/20/98-11/7 /98, (1.1 mb) Animation of HotSpots during El Nino,1/3/98-6/6/98 in the Western Hemisphere, (2.0 mb) Indian Ocean Bleaching Event - time series , 3/24/98-8/11/98 Western Hemisphere Bleaching Event - time series, 6/20/98-9/8/98
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19980117
Ending_Date: 19980908
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > WATER TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > CORAL REEFS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > CORAL DEPOSITS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) > ENSO
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > CNIDARIANS > CORALS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > REEF HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: Coral
Theme_Keyword: Coral Reef
Theme_Keyword: Coral Reefs
Theme_Keyword: Corals
Theme_Keyword: Reef
Theme_Keyword: Reef Corals
Theme_Keyword: Reefs
Theme_Keyword: Retrospective Animations
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL OCEAN
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: MARGUERITE TOSCANO
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Science Center
Address: 5200 Auth Road
City: Camp Springs
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20746
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mtoscano@nesdis.noaa.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSDPD > Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: OSDPD INFORMATION PROCESSING DIVISION
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Limin.Zhao@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: NOAA_BLEACH98
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/ml/ocean/cb/hotspots_199...
Access_Instructions:
NOAA/NESDIS 1998 Coral Bleaching HotSpots
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20000228
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120306
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: MELANIE F. MEAUX
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gsfc-gcmduso@mail.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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