Ice velocity and strain rate fields over the Lambert Glacier - Amery Ice Shelf system, East Antarctica

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Ice velocity and strain rate fields over the Lambert Glacier - Amery Ice Shelf system, East Antarctica
Description:
Abstract:
Measurements of ice velocity and strain rate have been derived by analysis of satellite images for the Lambert Glacier and Amery Ice Shelf system. Two techniques have been applied in the production of the two main sets of velocity values. One technique uses 'feature tracking' in pairs of Landsat TM images. This process uses surface features that persist with time and move with the ice as tracers of the ice motion. The displacement of these features over the time interval between acquisition of the two images in a pair is determined by image correlation. A reference sub-image is extracted from one image and the best correlation is searched for in the other image. The pair of images were registered by comparing fixed features such as rock outcrops or areas of known ice velocity. The analysis is carried at regular increments across and along the images, to produce a regular grid of values. The derived values are edited and accepted according to whether they satisfy certain a priori constraints for the flow in a local region and the statistics of a set of velocity values within a window. The TM images have been pre-processed to project them onto a common reference and projection system, and spliced together, in order to produce a seamless set of velocity values. Many tens of thousands of observations have been extracted along the entire length of the system (about 600+ km). The other technique has been applied to analysis of Synthetic Aperture Radar images. It uses a procedure applied during SAR interferometry [InSAR] to register small sections of the SAR complex image for generation of the phase difference or fringe image. The process we have applied uses maximum coherence as a test for best match or correlation of two image chips extracted from a pair of coherent complex SAR images. This procedure uses the phase information inherent in the SAR data in place of features as used for the TM analysis. From this analysis a set of displacements is derived comparable to the results for feature tracking. The displacements are derived in the range coordinate system of the complex SAR images. The displacements are converted to velocity values in the ground coordinate system. Corrections are also applied at this stage to allow for errors in the satellite orbits for the two sets of SAR acquisitions. One velocity data set derived from analysis of SAR data from the Canadian Space Agency's Radarsat covers an 800 km length of the system. Further data are being extracted by InSAR analysis of SAR data from the European Space Agency's ERS tandem mission. Horizontal components of strain rate are derived from the velocity data using a set of derivative operators in a least-squares solution of an over-constrained set of equations, which uses all velocity values within a computation window. This procedure effectively produces a set of average velocity and strain rate values and accounts for much of the 'noise' in the individual velocity observations. Values of the local longitudinal, transverse and shear strain rate components are derived by rotation of the cartesian values to the local flow direction. This metadata record has been derived from work performed under the auspices of ASAC project 2224 (ASAC_2224).
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19980201
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 60.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 75.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -69.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > ICE MOTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > ICE VELOCITY
Theme_Keyword: ERS-1 > EUROPEAN REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE-1
Theme_Keyword: ERS-2 > EUROPEAN REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE-2
Theme_Keyword: LANDSAT
Theme_Keyword: LANDSAT-4
Theme_Keyword: LANDSAT-5
Theme_Keyword: RADARSAT-1
Theme_Keyword: SAR > SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR
Theme_Keyword: TM > THEMATIC MAPPER
Theme_Keyword: Amery Ice Shelf
Theme_Keyword: Feature Tracking
Theme_Keyword: Ice Strain Rate
Theme_Keyword: Ice Velocity
Theme_Keyword: Image Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Lambert Glacier
Theme_Keyword: Landsat Tm
Theme_Keyword: Maximum Coherence
Theme_Keyword: Sar Interferometry
Theme_Keyword: Satellite
Theme_Keyword: Synthetic Aperture Radar
Theme_Keyword: Thematic Mapper
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Data available on request to Neal Young, subject to agreement on application.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AAD_Ant_LG-AIS_vel_strain when using these data. Must be cited correctly, including acknowledgement of source of original data from space agencies.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NEAL W YOUNG
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: ACE CRC AND AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC DIVISION
Address: Private Bag 80
City: Hobart
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7001
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6226 2955
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Neal.Young@aad.gov.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 30m
Longitude_Resolution: 30m
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: AAD_Ant_LG-AIS_vel_strain
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: net cdf
Transfer_Size: 20 kb
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.c...
Access_Instructions:
Download point for the data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://secure3.aad.gov.au/proms/public/projects/r...
Access_Instructions:
Public information for ASAC project 2224
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?...
Access_Instructions:
Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset
Fees: Free
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20010529
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130219
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NEAL W YOUNG
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: ACE CRC AND AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC DIVISION
Address: Private Bag 80
City: Hobart
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7001
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6226 2955
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Neal.Young@aad.gov.au
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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