Impact of Black Saturday bushfire plume and other pyrocarbon emissions on stratospheric ozone above Antarctica

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Impact of Black Saturday bushfire plume and other pyrocarbon emissions on stratospheric ozone above Antarctica
Description:
Abstract:
Metadata record for data from AAS (ASAC) project 3229. Public Summary: We investigate the impact of Black Saturday Australian bushfire in 2009 on the atmosphere above Australia and in the southern hemisphere in general, including Antarctica. Using high quality measurements collected by modern satellite and ground-based instruments, we study vertical and horizontal motion of the smoke plume, chemical composition of this plume, and chemical reactions between various molecules in the plume and other atmospheric gases. We want to answer an important question on how the bushfire plume may interact with the ozone molecules and whether it adds to the depletion of the protective ozone layer above Australia and above Antarctica. Project Objectives: - Using satellite and ground-based measurements, investigate the horizontal and vertical transport of the plume that resulted from Black Saturday Australian bushfire in February 2009. This includes analysis of the short-term (within one month) and long-term (up to several years) transport of plume material. Perform this analysis for other significant bushfire events that may occur in the southern hemisphere throughout the duration of this project and result in the injection of plume material into the stratosphere. - Study the evolution in chemical composition of stratospheric aerosols associated with Black Saturday bushfire and other significant pyrocarbon events. - Analyse the short- and long-term effects of Black Saturday bushfire and other significant pyrocarbon events in the southern hemisphere on the stratospheric ozone concentration at various locations and in particular on the Antarctic ozone hole. - Analyse the climate impact of bushfire plume material injected into the stratosphere. Taken from the 2010-2011 Progress Report: - We used the Odin/OSIRIS and CALIPSO satellite data and investigated the horizontal and vertical transport of the Australian-2009 Black Saturday bushfire smoke plume in the stratosphere in February-June 2009. - We identified the enhanced water absorption bands in the OSIRIS spectra of smoke plume. We are currently studying this smoke hydration in the stratosphere using multiple satellite instruments. A paper for Geophysical Research letters is currently in preparation. - We are currently investigating the horizontal spread of bushfire smoke material to all locations in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, up to the polar regions. 2012-11-12 Update The data are from the OSIRIS (Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System) instrument on the Odin satellite. The exact data used in project 3229 are: Level 1 spectral solar irradiances measured by OSIRIS in February - June 2009. The detailed description of the wavelengths used and the approach to data analysis are given in the paper: Siddaway, J. M. and S. V. Petelina (2011), Transport and evolution of the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire smoke in the lower stratosphere observed by OSIRIS on Odin, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D06203, doi:10.1029/2010JD015162.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tully, M.B., Klekociuk, A.R., Alexander, S.P., Dargaville, R.J., Deschamps, L.L., Fraser, P.J., Gies, H.P., Henderson, S.I., Javorniczky, J., Krummel, P.B., Petelina, S.V., Shanklin, J.D., Siddaway, J.M. and Stone, K.A. 2011 The Antarctic ozone hole during 2008 and 2009. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 61 77-90
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Klekociuk, A., Siddaway, J., Petelina, S., Grystai, A., Alexander, S., Milinevsky, G. and Dargaville, R. 2011 Trends in the zonal asymmetry of Antarctic stratospheric ozone Greenhouse 2011: The Science of Climate Change Cairns, Australia, 4-8 April
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Siddaway, J.M., Petelina, S.V., Feofilov, A.G., Zasetsky, A.Y., Klekociuk, A.R. and Urban, J. 2010 UTLS hydration from the smoke plume from the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire 2010 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union 13-17 December 2010, San Francisco Abstract A218-0059
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Siddaway, J. M. and S. V. Petelina 2011 Transport and evolution of the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire smoke in the lower stratosphere observed by OSIRIS on Odin JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH 116 D06203 9 doi:10.1029/2010JD015162
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20090201
Ending_Date: 20120331
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -35.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > DUST/ASH/SMOKE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AIR QUALITY > TROPOSPHERIC OZONE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > WILDFIRES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN COMPOUNDS > OZONE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: SATELLITES
Theme_Keyword: ODIN
Theme_Keyword: LIDAR > LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING
Theme_Keyword: Bushfire
Theme_Keyword: Black Saturday
Theme_Keyword: Smoke
Theme_Keyword: Plume
Theme_Keyword: Atmosphere
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE
Access_Constraints: This project did not collect any of its own data, but used data from the Canadian Space Agency and European Space Agency. Data can be accessed for free from these agencies, but users must first register. The data are from the OSIRIS (Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System) instrument on the Odin satellite.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AAS_3229 when using these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SVETLANA PETELINA
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Physics
Address: La Trobe University
State_or_Province: Victoria
Postal_Code: 3086
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 9479 2128
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.petelina@latrobe.edu.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Values provided in temporal and spatial coverage are approximate only.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: AAS_3229
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/missions/3rd-party...
Access_Instructions:
Access the data - authorisation required
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://secure3.aad.gov.au/proms/public/projects/r...
Access_Instructions:
Public information for ASAC project 3229
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?...
Access_Instructions:
Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20111101
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140110
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVE J. CONNELL
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dave.connell@aad.gov.au
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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