Hydrology and Glaciology of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica - glacier mass balance, ablation and movement and melt record determined by monitoring of stream flow and lake level of glacier fed streams and lakes

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Hydrology and Glaciology of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica - glacier mass balance, ablation and movement and melt record determined by monitoring of stream flow and lake level of glacier fed streams and lakes
Description:
Abstract:
A hydrological/glaciological study was conducted in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The purpose of the hydrological/glaciological programme was to study present fluctuations of selected glaciers and of lakes and streams fed by meltwater because these fluctuations are indicators of climate change in this part of Antarctica. Knowledge of the interactions of glaciers and lakes and streams fed by meltwater in the dry valleys with present climate is needed for better interpretation of the history of these glaciers and lakes and for prediction of their future behaviour if the climate changes. The research program includes direct measurements of glacier mass balance and glacier margins and indirect measurements of glacier melt recorded by stream flow and changes in lake level. Stream flow was monitored on the Onyx River and various other meltwater streams in the Wright Valley throughout the study and more recently near the outlet of the Upper Victoria Lake in Victoria Valley, downstream from the Garwood Glacier lake in the Garwood Valley and at three sites on the Adams and Miers streams in the Miers Valley to expand the spatial variability. Water samples were collected at some sites and analysed for suspended sediment particles. Water temperature was recorded on the Onyx River. The water level of lakes throughout the Dry Valleys was monitored including Lake Vanda and Lake Brownworth in the Wright Valley, Lake Vida and Upper Victoria Lake in Victoria Valley, Lake Vashka and Lake Webb in the Barwick Valley, Lake Fryxell, Lake Chad (Hoare), Lake Henderson and Lake Bonney in the Taylor Valley, Lake Joyce and Lake House in the Pearce Valley and Lake Miers in the Miers Valley. Measurements were generally recorded at the beginning of the summer and again at the end of the summer. Continuous monitoring of Lake Vanda was conducted throughout the summer and later in the programme at Don Juan Pond (1980/81 season). Mass balances, ablation and other measurements were measured since 1969 on several glaciers within the Dry Valleys including the Sykes, Alberich, Heimdall, Upper Wright, Lower Wright, Clarke, Meserve, Bartley, Hart, Goodspeed, Denton and the Wilson Piedmont Glaciers in the Wright Valley, the Upper Victoria, Lower Victoria and Packard Glaciers in the Victoria Valley, the Upper Taylor, La Croix, Suess, Canada and Commonwealth Glaciers in the Taylor Valley and the Miers and Adams Glaciers in the Miers Valley. Not all measurements were made at each glacier in each season. Throughout the seasons of monitoring, climate data was collected. Daily observations by the investigators was coupled with the installation of met stations at various sites for various amounts of time.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Mosley, M.P. Valentine, E.M. 1985 The MWD hydrological/glaciological programme in Antarctica. WS 957. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T. Woods, A.D.H. 1984 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1981-82. WS 1017. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1978 Hydrology-glaciology programme in Antarctica. New Zealand Antarctic record 1(1): 7-9
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1980 A revised reprint of hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1970-71. Ross Dependency Research Committee Report 639 Chinn, T.J. 1980 Hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica 1974-75. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1981 Hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1975-76.WS 473. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1983 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1976-77 and 1977-78. WS 531. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. Cumming, R.J. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1978-79. WS 810. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. Oliver, A.K.C. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1979-80. WS 808. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. Maze, I. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1980-81. WS 900. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1979 Impact of “extreme” events in the Dry Valley area. New Zealand Antarctic record 2(2): 9-13
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1981 Review of Antarctic hydrology-glaciology programme. WS 472. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1981 Hydrology and climate in the Ross Sea area. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 11(4): 373-386
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1982 Rationale for Antarctic hydrology-glaciology programme. WS 704. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. Dickson, R.H.J. 1988 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica: Antarctic research: annual report for 1982-83. WS 1188. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1990 The Dry Valleys. Antarctica: the Ross Sea region. Hatherton, T. (ed). Wellington DSIR Publishing 477025862 DSIR information series 165
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Anderton, P.W. Fenwick, J.K. (comps) 1975 Dry Valleys Antarctica: 1973-1974. Hydrological Research annual report no. 37
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fenwick, J.K. Anderton, P.W. (comps) 1975 Dry Valleys Antarctica: 1972-1973. Hydrological Research annual report no. 34
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1980 Glacier balances in the Dry Valleys area, Victoria Land, Antarctica. World glacier inventory: proceedings of the workshop at Riederalp, Switzerland, 17-22 September 1978. Washington International Association for Hydrological Sciences. IAHS-AISH publication no. 126
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1991 Polar glacier margin and debris features. Proceedings of the Meeting on Earth Science Investigations in Antarctica, Sienna, October 1989. Ricci, C.A. (ed), Rome Societa Geologica Italiana Memorie della Societa Geologica Italiana 46
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1996 The Southern Hemisphere glacial record - Antarctica and New Zealand. Papers and proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 130(2): 17-24
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1998 Recent fluctuations of the Dry Valleys glaciers, McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Annals of glaciology 27: 119-124
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1997 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1970-1975. Vol. III. Muller, F. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 9231014625 Information throughout the publication
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. Robinson, P. 1979 Report to SCAR Working Group in Glaciology. WS 131. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1985 Structure and equilibrium of Dry Valleys glaciers. New Zealand Antarctic record 6(supplement): 73-88
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1985 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1975-1980. Vol. IV. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 9231023675 Information throughout the publication
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1987 Accelerated ablation of a glacier ice-cliff margin, Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic and alpine research 19(1): 71-80
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1987 Victoria Lower Glacier and Ross Sea Glaciation, Dry Valleys area, south Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of glaciology 33(115): 293-299
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1988 The “Dry Valleys” of Victoria Land in Antarctica. Antarctica satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world. Swithinbank, C. (ed), Washington, DC US Government Printing Office Professional paper USGS 1386-B
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1988 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1980-1985. Vol. V. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1989 Single folds at the margins of dry-based glaciers as indicators of a glacial advance. Annals of glaciology 12: 23-30
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1993 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1980-1990. Vol. VI. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1994 Glacier disequilibrium in the Convoy Range, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Annals of glaciology 20: 269-276
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J.H. 1998 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1990-1995. Vol. VII. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fountain, A.G. Neumann, T.A. Glenn, P.L. Chinn, T. 2004 Can climate warming induce glacier advance in Taylor Valley, Antarctica? Journal of glaciology 50(171): 556-564 DOI: 10.3189/172756504781829701
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Heine, A.J. 1969 Glaciological work at Vanda. Antarctic 5(6): 276-277
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. McSaveney, M.J. 1987 On the flooding of Vanda Station. New Zealand Antarctic record 7(3): 23-31
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chinn, T.J. 1993 Physical hydrology of the dry valley lakes. Physical and biogeochemical processes in Antarctic lakes. Green, W.J., Friedmann, E.I. (eds), Washington American Geophysical Union 875908306 Antarctic research series 59
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Heine, A.J. 1969 Changes in water level at Lake Vanda, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research 3(4): 591-594
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Heine, A.J. 1971 Seiche observations at Lake Vanda, Victoria Land, Antarctica (note). New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 14(3): 597-599
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Mosley, M.P. 1988 Bedload transport and sediment yield in the Onyx River, Antarctica. Earth surface processes and landforms 13: 51-67
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19691101
Ending_Date: 19910131
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 164.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.25
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > LAKE ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DISCHARGE/FLOW
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > LAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > TOTAL SURFACE WATER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > SUSPENDED SOLIDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > WATER TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > ABLATION ZONES/ACCUMULATION ZONES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIER MASS BALANCE/ICE SHEET MASS BALANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LANDSCAPE > LANDSCAPE PROCESSES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TAYLOR VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WRIGHT VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MCMURDO DRY VALLEYS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE VANDA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ONYX RIVER
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TREVOR CHINN
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Rapid 20, Muir Road
Address: Lake Hawea
City: Wanaka
Postal_Code: 9382
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 443 4333
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: t.chinn@xtra.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The data was collected at the time by the New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development, a part of the Division of Science and Industrial Research (DSIR). The DSIR was disbanded and several new organisations were formed. At this time, the investigator was concerned about the survival of the large amount of data generated by this project. In the late 1990s while working with the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), he collated all of the hydrological data, had it checked for quality and then permanently filed in the NIWA electronic archives. A copy was also supplied to the University of New Hampshire, USA, who at the time had continued some work on the Onyx River. The investigator still holds the files of the programmes, correspondence etc. for the period that the Ministry of Works ran the programme. All of the reports were also submitted to Antarctica New Zealand as their Science Reports and copies of these are retained in their archives. Please contact either the investigator or Antarctica New Zealand for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K161_1969_1991_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090623
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090630
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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