Sea Ice Mass Balance in the Antarctic - Mammals and Birds

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Sea Ice Mass Balance in the Antarctic - Mammals and Birds
Description:
Abstract:
The data set contains systematic surveys of the relative abundance and distribution of whales, dolphins, and seals throughout the SIMBA expedition. Additionally, detailed observations of the breeding biology of crab eater, Ross, and leopard seals were also recorded. Leg phase of SIMBA expedition vs. animal species is included. Data includes information such as the summary of marine mammal and seabird observation phases during SIMBA Expedition: 1 September through 31 October 2007. Mappings of the drift of the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer with Ice Station Belgica from 27 September through 24 October 2007, and the transit and drift of the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer between 1 September and 31 October 2007 is included. This research provides substantial new information on the reproductive biology, foraging ecology, habitat requirements and use, migratory patterns, disease and pathology and medicine, and population and immunogenetics of the four ice-associated phocid pinnipeds (crab eater, Ross, leopard, and Weddell seals). The data was the first to accumulate species in the BeAR sea ice mass massif (i.e., Amundsen and Bellingshausen seas) area, one of the two principal areas in the Antarctic of abundant persistent sea ice in summer and consequently perhaps the most important area for these ice breeding marine mammals, particularly as southern ocean climates warm and annual ice cover recedes generally and seasonal sea ice in other areas may become unsuitable for reproduction of these species. These physical and biogeochemical dynamics of sea ice are central to the biology and ecology of the four Antarctic phocid pinnipeds that depend on it as substrate to support breeding, molting and resting activities and for the trophic stimulation and enhancements that are associated with seasonal melting.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: J.L. Bengston, J.L. Laake, P.L. Boveng, M.F. Cameron, M. Bradley Hanson and B.S. Stewart May 2011 Distribution , Density, and abundance of pack-ice seals in the Amundsen and Ross Seas, Antarctica Deep-Sea Research Part II 58 9-10 1261-1276 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.037 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967064510003243
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20070901
Ending_Date: 20071031
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -94.85
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -64.05
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -61.85
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.683
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE ENVIRONMENT MONITORING
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > AQUATIC SCIENCES > AQUACULTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > AQUATIC SCIENCES > FISHERIES
Theme_Keyword: GPS > GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM SATELLITES
Theme_Keyword: R/V NBP > R/V NATHANIEL B. PALMER
Theme_Keyword: GPS > GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: NSF/OPP > OFFICE OF POLAR PROGRAMS, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Theme_Keyword: IPY > INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme_Keyword: ANTARCTIC SEA ICE > ANTARCTIC SEA ICE IN INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme_Keyword: SIMBA > SEA ICE MASS BALANCE IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: SIMBA DRIFT STATION > SEA ICE MASS BALANCE IN THE ANTARCTIC-SIMBA DRIFT STATION
Theme_Keyword: Animals/birds
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > BELLINGSHAUSEN SEA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: STEPHEN ACKLEY
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 118 W Castle Ln
City: San Antonio
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 78213
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 1 210 341 6556
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sackley@pol.net, Stephen.ackley@utsa.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Resource_Description: SIMBA_Mammals_and_Birds
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://utsa.edu/lrsg/
Access_Instructions:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120207
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120420
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JESSICA JIMENEZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 3407 Ivy Ave
City: Hidalgo
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 78557
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 956-451-9288
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Jessica.jimenez_eng@yahoo.com
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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